9P149 - 9P149

9P149
A 9P149 combat vehicle firing an anti-tank missile

A 9P149 combat vehicle firing an anti-tank missile

General properties
crew 2
Long 6,45 m
width 2,85 m
height 1,86 m
Mass 12.3 tons combat weight
Armor and armament
Armor against machine gun projectiles
Main armament 12 anti-tank guided missiles 9K114 Schturm or 9K120 Ataka
agility
drive JaMS-238
261 PS
suspension individually adaptable with torsion pendulum
Top speed 60 km / h (road)
Power / weight 19 PS / t
Range 500 km (road)

9P149 is a lightly armored combat vehicle of Soviet production based on MT-LB , which has been converted into an anti-tank missile system with anti-tank guided weapons 9K114 Schturm and 9K120 Ataka .

development

The development of a motorized version of the 9K114 Shturm missile defense system began in the 1970s in the KBM design office in Kolomna . Development tests ended in 1978, after which the system was inducted into the army in 1979. On June 30, 2014, the modernized version with the internal designation 9K132 or 9P149M, with the anti-tank missiles 9K120 Ataka of various modifications, was accepted into the Russian army. The vehicle now has a target acquisition system with television and thermal imaging cameras, a laser range finder and a radio transmission channel for rocket control.

description

The combat vehicle 9P149 is a lightly armored version of the MT-LB troop transport. This version is equipped with protective mechanisms against the effects of weapons of mass destruction , which is why a filter or ventilation system has been integrated into the vehicle and other means against chemical and radioactive pollution for protection the crew.

Tub

The lightly armored hull offers protection against projectiles of smaller caliber. In the interior, the anti-tank missiles are stored in the containers of a rotating drum.

Armament

The main armament consists of 12 130 mm launch containers with a total of 12 steerable anti-tank missiles 9K114 Schturm or 9K120 Ataka. The missiles are sighted in two planes, new missiles are loaded automatically, which is why the rate of fire is 3–4 rounds per minute. During the journey, the launching system for the missiles is automatically stowed in the fuselage. The horizontal angle for aiming is between −85 and +85 degrees, the vertical between −5 and +15 degrees. During the combat state, the missile system is in automatic mode. After the rocket has been fired, the now empty transport container of the rocket is ejected and a new transport container with a rocket is transported out of the drum for firing. An optical system is installed on the fuselage, that ensures automatic target tracking of the targeted object. The target object can be up to a speed of 80 km / h in frontal and up to 60 km / h in lateral movement to the range finder.

The combat vehicle is capable of firing armored vehicles at a distance of 400 to 5000 and 6000 meters, respectively, with the help of the 9K114 Schturm and 9K120 Ataka anti-tank missiles. The armor-piercing ammunition of the 9K114 Shturm can penetrate armor no more than 800 mm behind the reactive armor , while the 9K120 Ataka can penetrate armor between 800 and 950 mm behind the reactive armor. [1] [2] [3] [4]

User states

Current users

  • ArmeniaArmenia Armenia - As of January 2018, there are 13 9P149 in service. [5] : 181
  • KazakhstanKazakhstan Kazakhstan - As of January 2018, an unknown number of 9P149s are in service. [5] : 188
  • RussiaRussia Russia - As of June 5, 2019, there are at least 494 9P149 in the army ready for action . [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
  • TurkmenistanTurkmenistan Turkmenistan - As of January 2018, there are 36 9P149 in service. [5] : 208
  • BelarusBelarus Belarus - As of January 2018, there are 85 9P149 in service. [5] : 185

Former users

  • MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro - Retired by January 2018 at the latest. [5] : 129
  • UkraineUkraine Ukraine - Retired by January 2018 at the latest. [5] : 210

literature

Individual evidence

  1. G. L. Kholiavsky , (übersetzt) ​​Enzyklopädie über gepanzerte Technik - Kettenfahrzeuge von 1919 bis 2000 - (Encyclopedia of armored vehicles. Tracked combat vehicles 1919-2000), S. 606
  2. Publishing House "Arms and Technologies" (Hrsg.): Encyclopedia of the XXI century. Weapons and technologies of Russia. Part 3. Anti-tank guided missiles. Group 14. Rocket and space systems (complexes). Class 1470. Guided missiles and launch vehicles. Band 12 . Moscow 2006, ISBN 5-93799-023-4 , S. 128–129 (848 S.).
  3. (übersetzt) ​​Lenkbare Panzerabwehrrakete 9M120 . V. A. Degtyarev plant. Archiviert vom Original am 6. Juli 2013. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved July 8, 2013.@1@2Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/zid.ru
  4. (translated) Modernized combat vehicle 9K132 . КБМ.
  5. a b c d e f g The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS): The Military Balance 2018. 1. Auflage. Routledge, London 2018, ISBN 978-1-85743-955-7 (englisch, Stand: Januar 2018).
  6. Российское Оружие, Военные Технологии, Анализ Вооруженных Сил России: AT-6 Spiral. (No longer available online.) In: Warfare. warfare.be, September 3, 2011, archived from the original ; Retrieved on June 23, 2012 (Russian, including 474 9P149 are in service (390 of 864 9P149 are in storage)).
  7. The first batch of new Chrysanthemum-S ATGMs was received by the YuVO artillery unit. In: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. function.mil.ru, 23 November 2012, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2019 (russisch, ua wurden 10 9P149 durch 9P157-2 ersetzt).
  8. ↑ The artillerymen of the Western Military District in the Moscow Region received new Msta-SM howitzers and Uragan MLRS. function.mil.ru, 12. Dezember 2017, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2019 (russisch, ua bekommt das russ. Heer bis zum Ende 2017 des Weiteren 10 Panzerabwehrraketensysteme 9P149 ("Storm")).
  9. ↑ The Shturm-S complexes were handed over to the Military ZVO to combat tanks. In: Mil.Press military. voennoe.rf, 11. Mai 2018, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2019 (russisch, ua min. 10 weitere Panzerabwehrraketensysteme 9P149 ("Shturm-S") bekam das russ. Heer).
  10. More than 10 units of Shturm-S ATGM have been delivered to the coastal defense units of the Southern Military District. In: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. structure.mil.ru, 5. Juni 2019, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2019 (russisch).