Operation Pacific Haven / Quick Transit - Operation Pacific Haven / Quick Transit
The occasion was the fighting between the two Kurdish organizations, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) in August 1996, in which a US-brokered ceasefire was broken. In the course of the fighting, Masud Barzani , the leader of the KDP, asked for help from Saddam Hussein's Iraqi army on August 31, 1996 . The Iraqi troops destroyed the city of Erbil , which was in the no-fly zone of Operation Provide Comfort and was previously ruled by the Iran-backed PUK. The intervention of the Iraqi army led to the implementation of Operation Desert Strike in retaliation against Saddam Hussein's troops.
Operation Pacific Haven / Quick Transit was also launched, in which Kurds allied with the United States were evacuated from northern Iraq in several transports via Turkey and Guam to the United States. The operation was supported by troops from the coalition units of Operation Provide Comfort, who first flew the people at risk to the Turkish military airfield Incirlik Air Base . There the refugees boarded planes for Guam, the name Pacific Haven (Pacific port) refers to the Andersen Air Force Base on the island of Guam. The three evacuation phases were designated as Quick Transit 1-3 and were carried out in September, October and December 1996.
|Quick Transit |
Number of |
people flown out
|Quick Transit I||15. – 18. September 1996||2.106|
|Quick Transit II||October 15-22, 1996||604|
|Quick Transit III||December 7-13, 1996||3.783|
|All in all||6.493|