Institute for City History / City and Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen - Institut für Stadtgeschichte / Stadt- und Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen

Institute for City History / City and Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen

City and Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen
City and Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen
Archivtyp Kommunalarchiv
Coordinates 51 ° 36 ′ 33,5 ″ N , 7 ° 11 ′ 46,3 ″ O Koordinaten: 51 ° 36 ′ 33,5 ″ N , 7 ° 11 ′ 46,3 ″ O
place Recklinghausen
Visitor address Hohenzollernstrasse 12
45659 Recklinghausen, Germany
founding 1922
Age of the archive material 1236 to date
carrier City of Recklinghausen
Website Institute for City History / City and Vestisches Archiv Recklinghausen

The City and Vestische Archiv Recklinghausen is a municipal archive based in Recklinghausen . It sees itself as the central point of contact for questions about the history of the town of Recklinghausen and the regional history of the Vestes Recklinghausen , especially in the area of ​​the late Middle Ages and early modern times . The offices of the Verein für Orts- und Heimatkunde Recklinghausen e. V. as well as that of the working group Vestischer Geschichts- und Heimatvereine e. V. are based there. The Institute for Urban History is made up of the archive and a museum section on urban history.


The city ​​archive was founded in 1922 as an independent city institute. Forms of orderly storage of city files and documents can be traced back to the early 18th century; There is a first reference to an archive directory for 1712. The great city fire of 1501, which also destroyed the first town hall, resulted in considerable loss of tradition. A depot-like storage of old stocks in the town hall building has been documented for the 19th century; from around 1830, the order and indexing of the archives was resumed on the instructions of the Münster government .

From the middle of the 19th to the early 20th century, a clergyman, a doctor or a post office clerk looked after the archive on a part-time or voluntary basis. From 1908 to 1922 the archive store was located in a basement of the new town hall building on Erlbruch (built 1905–1908), adjacent to the police station, detention cell and council cellar. In 1922 the move to the ground floor of the Petrinum grammar school took place , in 1939 the archive moved to the Stephansturm of the city fortifications from the 14th century, near the former Electoral Cologne officials' residence, the so-called Engelsburg Recklinghausen. From 1961 to 1986 the city archive was housed in a residential building at Halterner Str. 4. In 1986, in the year of the city's 750th anniversary, the company moved to its current location. In 2011 the archive was modernized and expanded.

From 1922 to the end of the 20th century, long-standing history teachers held the office of city archivist mostly part-time, most recently Dr. Werner Burghardt. In 2001 the position of archive manager was filled full-time for the first time. Since 2010 the city archive and the Vestische Museum have been run under the common name of the Institute for City History . The archive manager is traditionally the editor of the Vestische Kalender (1923 ff.) And editor of the Vestische Zeitschrift (1892 ff.).


The City and Vestische Archiv houses both municipal and territorial collections. The latter come mainly from the Electoral Cologne or Arenberg regional administration.

Municipal stocks

The basis of the archival tectonics was formed up to the 1920s by the city's old and core tradition from the city's foundation in 1236 to the end of the 18th century (inventory I). Stock II consists of the end of the Electoral Cologne period up to the age of high industrialization (approx. 1800 to 1900). Its importance as a historical archive for Vest Recklinghausen became less important than modern file management after the Second World War, as official records from the 20th century had been evaluated and taken over en masse since the 1960s and 1970s . Today around 6,600 file units from 1900 to 1960 make up inventory III and since 1986 inventory IV. The older inventory is pertinence inventory. Since 1989/90, the archive has been recording the archival-worthy documents handed over by the city administration according to the provenance principle .

Territorial holdings - termed "Vestisches Archiv"

Extensive access to the ducal Arenberg rule over Vest Recklinghausen came into the archive around 1923/24. This also included files and documents from the Cologne period from the 12th century to 1802. Other Arenberg approaches relate to the class rule and asset management in Prussian times. The files of the Recklinghausen office , which concern the Recklinghausen-Land community, which was constituted in 1837 , were transferred to the city archive when it was dissolved in 1926. In 1929 the Westerholt zu Westerholt family gave the city archives an extensive deposit , including documents from the 13th century and files from the 15th century.

Thanks to these entrances to the Vest, the name Stadt- und Vestisches Archiv became established in the 1920s . Due to its old and aristocratic holdings, the Vestische Archiv was entered in the directory of nationally valuable archives in 1986. [2]

Inventory overview (extract)

File Content (excerpts)
City Archives I 700 documents from the city of Recklinghausen (1236–1810), 143 boxes of files (1429–1874)
City Archives II 308 boxes of files from the city of Recklinghausen (1790–1908), general state matters
Stadtarchiv III 1296 cardboard files City of Recklinghausen (1812–1973): general municipal administration
City Archives IV Deliveries from 1986 (630 m files from the city of Recklinghausen)
City Archives V Filing of files from 1998 (including service registry of the city archive)
Registry office Pre-provenances registry office I, II, III, IV, Recklinghausen office
Ruhrfestspielhaus archive 787 boxes and 35 m z. Some files were still disordered from 1947
Estates Theodor Esch (1850–1911), Heinrich Pennings (1879–1939), Erhard Lucas-Busemann (1937–1993) and
Card archive approx. 500 maps and plans from 1822, mainly city maps
Newspaper archive Recklinghäuser Allgemeine Zeitung, Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung , including newspapers from neighboring towns
Fotoarchiv over 50,000 photographs from the end of the 19th century, over 13,000 slides. Motion roll films 16 mm from 1924
Library scientific reference stock (over 30,000 volumes.); including the history of the city and Vest Recklinghausen, Rhenish and Westphalian history, history of North Rhine-Westphalia, German history from the Middle Ages to modern times (especially the time of National Socialism ) & archival studies

tasks and activities

The archive offers the classic archival services , especially the preservation, indexing, provision, presentation and publication of historical documents. It tries to convey city and local history through lectures, exhibitions as well as archival and museum educational events. It serves as an extra-curricular learning location for schools.


  • Werner Burghardt: "Memory of the past". In: Vestischer Kalender 1964, Verlag Aurel Bongers, Recklinghausen 1964.



  1. Internet portal "Westphalian history": Recklinghausen, City and Vestisches Archiv .
  2. ^ Nationally valuable archives in North Rhine-Westphalia ( Memento of the original from December 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .@1@2Template: Webachiv / IABot /