A-Neuvegletscher - A-Neuvegletscher

Section of the A-Neuvegletscher below the A-Neuvepass

The A-Neuvegletscher (French Glacier de l'A Neuve ) is a glacier in the Alps in the canton of Valais .

It is located in the Valais municipality of Orsières west of the village of La Fouly . The glacier emerges from the firn fields on the steep eastern slope under the easternmost mountain range of the Mont Blanc massif , which extends from north to south over six kilometers from the mountain peak of Grand Darrey (3514 meters above sea level) over the height of Grand Luy to the A- Neuvepass (3400 m. Above sea level) and further from the Aiguille de l'A Neuve (3683 m. Above sea level) via the Aiguilles Rouges du Dolent to Mont Dolent(3819 m. Above sea level). Only the glacier on the north face of Mont Dolent is part of the A-Neuvegletscher, on the other three sides of this pyramid-shaped mountain, on the top of which the national borders between Switzerland , Italy and France meet, are the Dolent glacier , the Pré-de- Bard Glacier and the Argentière Glacier .

The A-Neuvegletscher is still around five square kilometers today. As a result of the strong melting of the last few decades, it has disintegrated into individual sections that only appear as slope glaciers and the tongues of which sometimes no longer touch. Below Mont Dolent, the connection between the upper, closed glacier area and the lower tongue area has been interrupted by a rock face since the beginning of the 21st century. The part of the glacier furthest down in the valley still reaches around 2100 m above sea level, where a small lake at the edge of the glacier has formed.

The basin below the glacier is called L'A Neuve . The field name , which is A nova or A neuva in the French-Provencal Valais patois ( neuve is the French form of the adjective) means "New Alp" in German. On the old maps, the name is recorded in the older spelling Glacier de la Neuva until around 1950 , and Neuva is a hamlet that today belongs to the La Fouly settlement. The glacier got its name because it is located on the mountains above this alpine settlementlies. The name of the alp is likely to have originated when the small side valley, after the retreat of the former valley glacier, was only later used for pasture farming .

The numerous torrents fed by the meltwater from the glacier gather in the valley . However, they do not flow into a single valley stream, but form two mountain streams, separated by a former central moraine of the glacier, flowing close to each other into the valley: the Reuse de l'A Neuve (formerly also Reuse de Tsamodet ) and the Reuse de l'Amône , the flow into the river Dranse de Ferret in La Fouly or at L'Amône (formerly Franco-Provençal Amôna ) .

Near the easternmost glacier tongue stands on the mountain flank below the Pointes des Essettes at 2734 m. ü. M. the SAC shelter Cabane de l'A Neuve .

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