To Joan Güell i Ferrer - A Joan Güell i Ferrer
|To Joan Güell i Ferrer|
To Joan Güell i Ferrer
|Author||Joan Martorell (architecture); Rossend Nobas , Torquat Tasso , Eduard B. Alentorn , Maximí Sala and Francisco Pagés Serratosa (sculpture); Joaquim Vilaseca and Frederic Marès (reconstruction)|
|Location||Gran Vía de las Cortes Catalanas with Rambla de Catalunya , Ensanche District , Barcelona , Spain|
|Material||White marble on stone pedestal|
|Dimensions||7.77 x 2.45 x 2.45 (total), 2.30 x 1 x 1 (figure)|
A Joan Güell i Ferrer is a sculptural monument located on the Gran Vía de las Cortes Catalanas with Rambla de Cataluña , in the Ensanche district of Barcelona . Created in 1888, it was the work of the architect Joan Martorell and the sculptors Rossend Nobas , Torquat Tasso , Eduard B. Alentorn , Maximí Sala and Francisco Pagés Serratosa . Destroyed in 1936, it was rebuilt by Frederic Marès in 1941.
History and description
Joan Güell i Ferrer (1800 - 1872) was a Catalan businessman, founder of the Vapor Vell textile company in the Sants district . He was a standard bearer of protectionism , and founder of several employer associations, such as the Board of Factories, the Industrial Institute of Catalonia and the Promotion of National Production. He also held various public positions, such as councilor, deputy and senator. His son, Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi , also a businessman, was Antoni Gaudí's patron . [ 1 ]
In 1878, six years after the businessman's death, the idea of erecting a monument in his honor in Barcelona came up . The initiative came from Josep Pi i Solanas, a disciple of Güell, who sought the support of Fomento de la Producción Nacional. A popular subscription was started to defray the cost of the monument, in which more than 20,000 people and about 50 entities participated. However, the project was delayed, and was not inaugurated until May 31, 1888, in the context of the Universal Exhibition . The opening ceremony was attended by the Mayor of Barcelona , Francisco de Paula Rius y Taulet , and the President of the Council of Ministers, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta . [ 2]
The site chosen was the crossroads between the Gran Vía de las Cortes Catalanas and the Rambla de Cataluña, with the figure of Güell looking towards the sea. The project was commissioned to the architect Joan Martorell, who designed a bombastic pedestal composed of an octagonal base on which a square podium stood with fluted columns attached to its four angles, in whose lower part were four allegorical figures sculpted in high relief: the Agriculture , the work of Maximí Sala; el Arte , by Francisco Pagés Serratosa; the Marina , by Eduard Alentorn; and Industry , from Torquat Tasso. The monument was crowned by the figure of the honoree, the work of Rossend Nobas. [ 3 ]
In 1936, during the Civil War , the statue of Güell was demolished, and the pedestal was dedicated to the victims of July 19, 1936, although shortly after it was also destroyed. Between 1941 and 1945 the monument was rebuilt by the architect Joaquim Vilaseca and the sculptor Frederic Marès, who made the statue of the businessman based on photos of the original, obtaining a fairly similar result. However, the pedestal was completely remodeled, with a prismatic base 5 meters high, with a medallion on its front with the shield of Barcelona supported by angels , and on the other three sides allegorical reliefs of Commerce , Industry and theNavigation , in a style close to art deco . On the other hand, the monument was moved and located a few meters further in from Gran Vía, in the direction of Paseo de Gracia ; in its place stood the Fountain of children riding fish , a work by Frederic Marès from 1928 previously located in the Plaza de Cataluña . The figure of Joan Güell was then looking towards the Plaza de España , instead of towards the sea as before. [ 4 ]
- Fabre, Jaume; Huertas, Josep M .; Bohigas, Pere (1984). Monuments of Barcelona (in Catalan) . Barcelona: L'Avenç. ISBN 84-85905-21-0 .
- Lecea, Ignasi de; Fabre, Jaume; Grandas, Carme; Huertas, Josep M . ; Remesar, Antoni; Sobrequés, Jaume (2009). Public art of Barcelona (in Catalan) . Barcelona: Barcelona City Council and Editorial Services Area. ISBN 978-84-96645-08-0 .
- Subirachs and Burgaya, Judit (1986). The commemorative sculpture in Barcelona until 1936 (in Catalan) . Barcelona: The Border Books. ISBN 84-85709-49-7 .