Heißbergfriedhof Burtscheid/Aachen - Heißbergfriedhof Burtscheid/Aachen

Hot mountain cemetery - entrance area

The hot mountain cemetery is a cemetery inaugurated in 1862 in the then independent town of Burtscheid , which was incorporated into a district of Aachen in 1897 . It is located on the corner of Heissbergstrasse and Kapellenstrasse No. 2, diagonally across from the Burtscheider Ferberpark. The plant is in its entirety under monument protection .

Building history

Piece of old cemetery wall

The hot mountain cemetery in Burtscheid has existed since 1862. On October 23, 1851, the site on the hot mountain was acquired by the community to found a new city cemetery and in 1852 the decision to build the surrounding wall was made by the construction company B. Klausener & Rhoen . The hot mountain cemetery was the first churchyard for both denominations, but initially still clearly separated: the Protestants on the left , the Catholics on the right . In the years 1878 and 1889 there was an expansion to the current size of 1.96 hectares. The oldest graves are in the upper part and in 1937 the last row graves were allocated.

To the left behind the entrance portal is the mortuary and mourning hall. The gate itself was initially the official residence of the cemetery inspector. The hot mountain cemetery contains, among other things, the graves of important Burtscheid families such as Erckens, Kirdorf, Klausener and Pastor , whose members played a key role in determining and shaping the flourishing Burtscheid cloth and needle industry, the building trade and politics.

The entry in the list of monuments reads:

"Heissbergstrasse, corner of Robert-Schumann-Str."
"Opened in 1862, entrance building probably built a little later;"
"Entrance hall made of brick, gravestones from the late 19th and early 20th centuries." [1]

layout

Klausen grave site 1914

Works of art and tombs from the Classicism period to the present day , characteristic of the time, bear witness to the Burtscheider sepulchral culture . Two neo-Gothic war memorials were erected on the main path, one cenotaph , the unveiling of which took place on June 29, 1868, commemorates those who fell in the war in 1866 and the other commemorates the victims of 1870/71 who were killed on the battlefields of Gravelotte , Sedan , St Quentin , Metz , Paris and in the Battle of Wörth , Battle of Mars-la-Tour, Battle of Orléans and Battle of Villiers have fallen.

Many important sculptors in Aachen and Burtscheid were involved in the design of the graves, including Lambert Piedboeuf , Wilhelm Pohl , Carl Esser , Alfred Pieper, Erich von den Driesch , Karl Krauss , Heinrichs and Wings and Joseph Mataré. For example, Erich von den Driesch created a seated female figure in marble for the three-part grave complex of the Neuss family and, for another complex, a mourner from 1909, who is holding a flower arrangement in her right hand on her right knee. He also designed the grave of the Laaf family with a group of figures made of electroplating, made in the art institute of the Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik (WMF) in Geislingen an der Steige . The Aachen sculptor Josef Mataré (March 19, 1880 - September 25, 1966), brother of Ewald Mataré and father of Herbert Mataré , can be seen on another grave with the depiction of “Faistos” as a bronze relief from 1913.

Grave sites (selection)

Friedrich Ercken's grave

The last resting places of numerous important Burtscheid personalities of the last 150 years can be found at the Burtscheid hot mountain cemetery. Among other things:

Grave design Mies van der Rohe : cross, two base walls,
Grave design: Pohl and Esser, three-part grave complex.
Gravestone of the Hasenclever family
  • Familie Hasenclever
The design by Karl Krauss took place around 1894 and consists of a desk stone on a base with a black granite slab on which the names of the deceased are chiseled and whitewashed. Georg Hasenclever (1817–1904; Head of Government and District Administrator) is the father of Sanitary Councilor Carl Hasenclever (1855–1934) and the grandfather of Walter Hasenclever . In 1894 the wife of Georg Hasenclever Frederike, geb. Altgelt (* 1826), 1953 Walter Hasenclever's mother Annie, b. Reiss (* 1869). Walter Hasenclever's sister Marita lived from 1902 to 1993 [2], his brother Paul from 1897 to 1988 (grave site: Neuer Friedhof Sylt-Westerland, with wife Mimi [1902–1989] and eldest daughter Ellen [1923–1991]). On the grave of the Hasenclever family, there is no reference to Walter Hasenclever and his grave at the Saint-Pierre cemetery in Aix-en-Provence, maintained by the estate administrator, the Marbach Literature Archive [3] .
The Hasenclever family is connected to the Aachen mining industry, chemistry and Rothe Erde .
The height of the tomb tower is 3.40 m. The crypt cover on the back has a double-leaf iron door. The flooring of the crypt, which is equipped with a small altar, consists of a black and white tile pattern.

literature

  • The City Director of the City of Aachen, Building Department: Documentation on the Heissberg Cemetery. Reprotechnik Gerd Gering, Aachen 1980.

Weblinks

Commons : Heißbergfriedhof - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Conservator Rhineland Monuments Directory. "1.2 Aachen, other parts of the city." With the help of Hans Königs, edited by Volker Osteneck. Status: 1974-1977. Rhineland Cologne, 1978, p. 35.
  2. Portrait of Marita Hasenclever Moïse Kisling , on artnet.com
  3. ^ Doris and Jürgen Lauer: In Aix-en-Provence one honors Walter Hasenclever. A trip with surprises . In: Walter-Hasenclever-Gesellschaft eV (Ed.): Walter Hasenclever in context. Literature yearbook 2016/2017 . 1st edition. tape 10. Dr. Wolff, Aachen 2018, ISBN 978-3-922697-35-0, S. 103–128.

Coordinates: 50 ° 45 ′ 28.3 " N , 6 ° 5 ′ 37.6" E