Aachen house apple - Aachener Hausapfel

Aachen house apple
Synonyms Cornelis apple
Aachen house apple.jpg
Art Kulturapfel ( Malus domestica )
origin Aachen region
known since an 1800
List of apple varieties

The Aachen house apple , syn. Cornelis apple , is an old variety of cultivated apple . It is grown as an orchard and is considered worth preserving. The Aachen house apple is an old local variety from Aachen , which is mainly found in the south of Aachen from Raeren ( East Belgium ) to Breinig ( Münsterländchen , Butterländchen). It is a typical fruit variety from Aachen orchards with over 20 safe locations in the city of Aachen and a few in the region.

The variety was probably created around 1800 and was first described in 1816 by the pomologist Adrian Diel under the name Cornely's Striped House Apple . Diel obtained the fruit from Carl Cornely from Maire, Mayor of Rimburg near Aachen. He described the variety in 1844 in his work The Rhenish Orchard . A few years later, in 1875, the pomologist Johann Georg Conrad Oberdieck described the variety as 'Corneli's Hausapfel' in the Illustrirten Handbuch der Obstkunde . From 1915, the variety was named Aachen house apples on a list of apple varieties in the Rhenish rangerecommended for the districts of Aachen and Eupen. Decades later, the tree disappeared from the fruit tree nursery's list of offers. Today the tree is rarely found in gardens or orchards.

The variety 'Aachener Hausapfel' is currently listed on the Red List of endangered native crops in Germany . This Red List includes all species groups of indigenous useful plants and their varieties, local varieties and varieties that were adapted to local conditions in Germany and were of importance. [1]

description

The tree is tall, round and strong. The fruit is small, 50 to 80 grams in weight, regularly shaped and flat-spherical. The basic color of the shell is yellowish-green, later yellow, bright. The opaque color is strong, bright red to dark red, flat, indistinctly striped, extending ¾ to complete. The apple has a typical lumpy russeting of the stem pit, but otherwise no russeting. Cup points are point-star-shaped. The fruit is very firm and hardly sensitive to pressure. The chalice is small and flat. The sepal area is flat to wavy, the sepalsare medium wide and long and touch at the bottom. The stem is medium to long, the stem pit is medium deep. The flesh is yellowish-white, firm, juicy, coarse-celled, refreshing with weak acidity.

Harvest and use

The harvest is regularly high, not very alternating, and the fruit is not very susceptible. Harvest and picking maturity: late September to mid-October.

The Aachen house apple is a good table apple and can be stored well. The fruits used to be pitted and stoved (Low German: steamed in a little water) and z. B. filled with marzipan consumed whole.

literature

  • M. Aletsee: Old fruit varieties in Aachen - Collection and promotion of old and local fruit varieties in Aachen . Nature in Aachen, 2010. Issue 2.
  • Local and regional fruit varieties in the Rhineland - threatened with extinction! Editor: LVR network environment with the biological stations in the Rhineland, pp. 44 and 45.

Weblinks

Commons : Aachener Hausapfel - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://pgrdeu.genres.de/rlist Red List of the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food , accessed on April 28, 2016.