Aachen Transport Association - Aachener Verkehrsverbund
Aachen Transport Association |
|legal form||Administration union|
The purpose association Aachener Verkehrsverbund ( AVV ) is the regional cities of Aachen , Düren , Heinsberg , the independent city of Aachen commissioned as municipal districts, composite, the public transport plan (PT) in the relevant authorities to organize and configure. He handles the financing of local transport with the districts and the independent city of Aachen. Until the foundation of the local transport association Rhineland , he also ordered local rail passenger transport ( Regional-Express andRegionalbahn ) at railway companies and checked their performance . The AVV was founded on May 31, 1994 in cooperation area 3 (Aachen), with the predecessor of the Aachen city region, the Aachen district . Since January 1st, 2008 the Zweckverband AVV belongs together with the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg to the Zweckverband Nahverkehr Rheinland, which in particular took over the ordering and control of the local rail passenger transport.
The AVV tariff is zone-based. As a rule, a tariff zone, which is also divided into short-haul zones, corresponds to the suburb of a locality. Depending on the number of tariff zones traveled through, a ticket for the appropriate price level must be purchased. This is price level 1 for trips within one zone, price level 2 for trips from one tariff zone to an adjacent zone, and price level 3 for trips that lead across a third tariff zone. In deviation from this, price level 4 applies to trips of any length within the AVV . Price level 1 applies to trips from one zone to an adjacent one that only touch two short-haul zones.
In 2011 it was planned to create a “tariff association Rhineland”. This is a VRS tariff collar that covers the entire AVV area. For journeys within the AVV or within the VRS, the respective network tariff should continue to apply. The VRS tariff should then apply uniformly to all journeys between AVV and VRS. The VRS student ticket and VRS job ticket are excluded. 
This was implemented on January 1, 2015, and since then the VRS tariff has been in force for journeys between the VRS and the AVV. 
Organizational structure of the Aachen transport association
The Zweckverband Aachener Verkehrsverbund (ZV AVV) is organized in the so-called 3-level model:
The independent city of Aachen , the city region of Aachen, the district of Düren and the district of Heinsberg together form the local authority association : Zweckverband Aachener Verkehrsverbund . Each regional authority sends five members to the special purpose association assembly. This is where the members of the local authorities meet, advise and make political decisions about local transport in the AVV area. This is the political level.
The management leads the Aachener Verkehrsverbund GmbH, it implements the political decisions in practice. This company is wholly owned by the Aachen Transport Association . In contrast to the local authority association, which only meets occasionally, it is constantly active. It creates timetables , designs the network-wide tariff and operates sales . She is also committed to the further development of cross-border ticket offers in the Euregio . The Aachener Verkehrsverbund GmbH negotiates cooperation agreements with the transport companies that conduct the operational business in the AVV.
Transport companies in the AVV
As a "transport company in the AVV", the association manages those transport companies that hold a German line concession for bus or rail transport in the network area. In addition to these transport companies, other companies from abroad and subcontractors on behalf of the licensees operate in the AVV network area.
Partner in the Euregio
Partner in Belgium
- National Society of Belgian Railways (NMBS / SNCB)
- De Lijn Limburg
- Liège-Verviers Public Transport (TEC)
Partner in the Netherlands
Partner in the Euskirchen district
- Bus routes with one or two digits run in the Aachen city region
- Bus routes with three digits and a leading 1 are express buses in the ASEAG network . These lines run largely along the route of the line, the number of which is exactly 100 lower, but bypass certain places or leave out less important stops. For example, the route of line 147 corresponds to that of line 47, but Richterich and Laurensberg are bypassed via the L 232. The route of line 125 corresponds to that of line 25, but some stops between Aachen Scheibenstrasse and Brand are not served. The line 166 Aachen - Monschau deviated from this order , which is why it has been run as line 66 since April 1, 2010 and as SB66 since 2017.
- Bus lines with three digits and a leading 2 run in the Düren district (the numbers have been adjusted, e.g. line 96 Eschweiler Bushof - Weisweiler - Langerwehe continues as 296 Langerwehe - Schlich - Derichsweiler - Düren ZOB)
- Bus routes with three digits and a leading 4 run in the Heinsberg district
Lines with the designation SB (abbreviation for StädtSchnellBus ) and a one- or two-digit number are express buses of the BVR, Rurtalbus or WestVerkehr. At the BVR - similar to the ASEAG express bus lines - they have an internal three-digit line number with a leading 1.
- SB 1 Erkelenz - Heinsberg - Geilenkirchen
- SB 2 Baesweiler - Übach-Palenberg - Geilenkirchen (no longer exists)
- SB 3 Sittard - Gangelt - Geilenkirchen
- SB 4 Erkelenz - Baal Bahnhof - Ratheim - Oberbruch - Heinsberg replaced by line 402.
- SB 8 Düren - Nörvenich - Zülpich
- SB 11 replaced by three new lines (SB20 / 219/220)
- SB 15 Froitzheim – Vettweiß – Nörvenich – Buir
- SB 20 Aachen - Jülich - Research Center (connects Aachen and Jülich directly)
- SB 35 Merzenich - Niederzier - Jülich Research Center
- SB 38 Düren - Niederzier - Krauthausen (Niederzier)
- SB 63 Aachen – Roetgen – Simmerath
- SB 66 Aachen – Roetgen – Monschau
- SB 70 Jülich - Mersch - Titz
- SB 81 Erkelenz - Rheydt - Mönchengladbach
- SB 86 Düren - Vossenack - Simmerath
- SB 88 Simmerath – Nideggen
- SB 95 Linnich – Baal
- SB 98 Düren - Zülpich - Euskirchen
- 44 Aachen Hbf - Busof - Laurensberg - Richterich - Horbach - Spekholzerheide - Heerlen
- 103 Aachen Waldfriedhof - Hbf - Schanz - University Clinic - Campus Melaten - Westbahnhof
- 125 Aachen bus station - Brand - Büsbach - Stolberg Mühlen train station
- 135 Aachen Elisenbrunnen – Bushof – Brand – Walheim – Hahn
- 147 Aachen bus station - Kohlscheid - Herzogenrath - Merkstein
- 151 Aachen Elisenbrunnen - bus station - Soers sports park - Würselen - Alsdorf - Baesweiler
- 173 Fire - Rothe Erde train station - Aachen bus station - Westbahnhof - Süsterau - Melaten campus - University clinic
- N stands for night express
- ALT stands for call line taxi
- City bus routes that do not leave a city are marked outside the city of Aachen and the district of Düren with two capital letters and a number:
After considerations had already been made in the 1960s as to how the use of public transport in the Aachen area could be made easier for passengers through cooperation between the various companies, a transport association between ASEAG and Kraftpost Aachen was founded on May 23, 1971 . This point in time marks the hour of birth of the AVV. A good two years later, on June 8, 1973, the bus division of what was then the Deutsche Bundesbahn also joined the AVV. 
The first expansion of the network area was achieved on May 29, 1974 with the integration of the Eifel lines of the Deutsche Bundespost. This took into account the economic ties between the Aachen region and the Eifel region. 
In preparation for the expansion of the network area to the Düren and Heinsberg districts, a uniform tariff was extended to the Heinsberg district works, the Dürener Verkehrsgemeinschaft and Taeter Aachen on April 1, 1978 . In this way, appropriate values were available in good time for the later distribution of income. With the expansion of the AVV to the districts of Düren and Heinsberg, the Düren district railway, the district works Heinsberg and Taeter Aachen joined the AVV on January 1, 1979. The Belgian SADAR was the first foreign partner to be an associated member of the AVV, whose network area now extended to the Belgian town of Kelmis. 
A transitional tariff was introduced on July 25, 1979 for journeys across the network area from the AVV to the VRR, which should simplify journeys across the network area border, especially in the Erkelenz and Mönchengladbach area. After the VRS was founded, a transitional tariff was also created on September 1, 1987 for the traffic areas Jülich, Stetternich, Elsdorf, Nörvenich and Lechenich. 
On August 1, 1983, the Deutsche Bundesbahn, bus division, took over the bus routes of the Deutsche Bundespost. With this, Kraftpost left the AVV as a network partner. 
The actual establishment of the AVV as a fully-fledged association - after VRR and VRS the third in North Rhine-Westphalia - took place on June 1, 1994, and thus before the first regionalization law for North Rhine-Westphalia came into force. The first stage of the tariff reform - the introduction of the "rainbow tariff" - was implemented on June 1, 1995. With the entry into force of the Regionalization Act in North Rhine-Westphalia on January 1, 1996, the AVV association took over responsibility for tasks and finances for the local rail transport. This initially led to an adjustment of the network contracts, after which the second stage of the AVV tariff reform came into force on June 1, 1996. With the expansion of the “rainbow tariff” to include the local rail transport of the DB, there was for the first time only one ticket for bus and train in the Aachen region. 
Since the Dürener Kreisbahn's rail department was separated from the DKB bus company on January 1, 2003, the independent company Rurtalbahn GmbH, which had been spun off, became a new member of the AVV. 
With the establishment of the new special purpose association “Nahverkehr Rheinland” (NVR) by the special purpose associations AVV and VRS on December 19, 2007, it was now possible to jointly plan and organize the local rail transport from January 1, 2008. This took into account the amendment to the NRW Public Transport Act. 
On December 11, 2016, Arriva Personenvervoer Limburg took over local public transport by bus and train in the Dutch province of Limburg . In contrast to the previous operator Veolia Transport Nederland, Arriva became a full member of the AVV, the first such foreign company is a member of a German transport association .  A uniform, cross-border tariff with electronic chip cards for AVV and Arriva is to be introduced by 2020, and the NRW tariff is to be expanded to Limburg. 
Rurtalbus GmbH has been a new partner in the AVV since January 1, 2020, replacing the Dürener Kreisbahn. 
- Official website
- Rail travel in North Rhine-Westphalia. Deutsche Bahn , accessed on January 15, 2016 .
- Submission No. 22/2011 on Item 4.5 ZV meeting on December 20, 2011. (PDF; 252 kB) Retrieved April 22, 2013 .
- Trips between VRS and AVV. Accessed on September 14, 2016 : “The VRS tariff applies to journeys from the VRS area to the Aachener Verkehrsverbund (AVV) and vice versa. For all trips within the AVV and VRS network areas (if the limit of AVV and VRS is not exceeded) the respective network tariffs remain unchanged. "
- Organizational structure of the AVV. avv.de, accessed on May 29, 2015 .
- History - AVV. Retrieved May 29, 2015 .
- Arriva new partner in AVV. November 25, 2016, accessed on December 4, 2016 : "With Arriva, a transport company with a foreign transport contract becomes a full member of a German transport association for the first time in Germany."
- Horizon 2020 von AVV / Arriva
- Rurtalbus new partner in the AVV - cooperation agreement signed. Press release. Rurtalbus, December 17, 2019, accessed on January 2, 2020 .