Actor - Actor

The actors of the Italian Comedy , painted by Antoine Watteau around 1720.

An actor (in feminine, actress ) is the person who performs an action, either through improvisation or based on texts (the work of an author or created through individual and collective improvisations). The actor builds his work using voice, mimicry and other bodily and emotional resources in order to convey to the viewer the set of ideas and actions proposed. You can also use technical resources or objects such as manipulating puppets, or interpret on the image or voice of others. Combining his occupation with the director and the rest of the professionals participating in the work, and supported by visual or sound stimuli, he acts in places where public shows are represented through representations. [ 1 ]

The actors in the Ancient Age

In Greece

In Ancient Greece , the first actor to be recognized as such was a mythical character called Thespis , who is credited with being the first to dialogue with the choir when he performed during the festivities in honor of Dionysus , in the 5th century BC. C. in Athens . Brought from Icaria by the tyrant Pisistratus , the actor (who at the time was called hypocrites or simulator), equipped with a mask and wearing a tunic, played the god Dionysus in a choir, on his chariot that later became known as the "Thespis chariot", creating an argument within an artistic- polytheistic liturgical presentation . That position of protagonist of the choir has been considered the beginning of the Greek tragedy . He is also credited with the second actor design, which Aeschylus would later call "deuteragonist", by portraying two characters through two masks (one on the front of the body and the other on the back).

Among the Greeks, actors came to obtain the most distinguished offices in the republic. Aristodemo was ambassador, Archias general, Eschino and Aristónico senators, etc. Later, when the form of government changed to monarchy, the kings continued to grant honors and rewards to the most popular actors.

In Rome

The Romans esteemed and enriched them. The playwright Aesop left his son close to two million; and the actor Roscio had annually six thousand five hundred escudos. Lucullus very often gave all the actors dressed in purple, etc. On the other hand, the Roman Senate once issued certain decrees against actors for their bad habits. In other circumstances, the actors were condemned as alleged confidants of generals or outlaw characters.

The declamation was so popular in Rome that the young men of the most distinguished families mingled with the actors reciting and declaiming with them in front of the whole town. Cicero , being Roman Consul, confessed that he could speak in public for the aforementioned Aesop and Roscio (who obtained the gold ring and was elevated to the rank of Roman knight). [ 2 ] [ 3 ]

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