|Ali Akbar Mohtashamipur|
|Persian name||Ali Akbar Mohtashamipour|
|Birth|| 1947 |
Tehran ( Iran )
|Death|| June 7 , 2021 |
|Cause of death||COVID-19|
|Political party||Clergy Combatant Assembly|
|Educated in|| |
|Occupation||Politician and diplomat|
|Busy positions|| |
Ali Akbar Mohtashamipur or Mohtashami ( 1949 - Tehran , 7 of June of 2021 ) was a cleric Shiite Iran actively participated in the Revolution of Iran in 1979 and later became minister of the interior of the Islamic Republic of Iran . [ 1 ] He was seen as the founder of the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon and one of the radical elements that advocated for the export of the revolution, in the Iranian clerical hierarchy. [ 2 ]
In an Israeli assassination attempt, he lost his right hand when he opened a book loaded with explosives. [ 3 ]
Mohtashemi studied in the holy city of Najaf where he spent considerable time with his mentor, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini . He also accompanied Khomeini during his period in exile in both Iraq and France . He co-founded an armed group in the 1970s with Mohammad Montazeri ( Hosein Alí Montazerí's son ) in Lebanon and Syria , with the aim of helping liberation movements in Muslim countries.
After the Iranian revolution, he served as Iran's ambassador to Syria, a position he held from 1982 to 1986. [ 4 ] He later became Iran's interior minister. While he was ambassador to Syria, he is believed to have played a pivotal role in the creation of the radical Lebanese Shiite organization Hezbollah., working within the framework of the Department of Islamic Liberation Movements led by the Iranian Pasdaran. Mohtashami actively oversaw the creation of Hezbollah, merging existing radical Shiite movements into it; the Lebanese al-Dawa; the Muslim Students Association; and Al Amal al Islamiyya. In 1986, his "close supervision" of Hezbollah came to a halt when the Islamic Liberation Office was reassigned to Iran's Foreign Ministry. He is also described as having made "liberal" use of the diplomatic bag as an ambassador, bringing "boxes" of material from Iran. He remained among the hard-line radical parties even when he was elected Minister of the Interior in the Khomeini government.
In 1989 the new Iranian president, Akbar Hashemí Rafsanyaní , expelled Mohtashami from the Lebanon office of the Iranian Foreign Ministry and replaced him with his brother Mahmud Hashemi. This was seen as an indication of Iran's degradation of its support for Hezbollah and for a revolutionary foreign policy in general.
In August 1991 he regained some of his influence when he became chairman of the defense committee of the Islamic Consultative Assembly .
More controversial, Mohtashami is thought to
have played an active role, with Syrian and Pasdaran military intelligence, in monitoring Hezbollah suicide bomb attacks against the US embassy in Beirut in April 1983, the US and French MNF contingents in October 1983 and the annex of the American embassy in September 1984,
and for having played a decisive role in the assassination of Lieutenant Colonel William R. Higgins , the American head of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) observer group in Lebanon, who was taken hostage on February 17, 1988 by Lebanese pro-Iranian Shiite Radicals. Higgins's assassination is said to have stemmed from orders issued by Iranian radicals, most notably Mohtashemi, in an effort to prevent an improvement in the relationship between the United States and Iran.
While Mohtashami was a strong opponent of Western influence in the Muslim world and the existence of the state of Israel , [ 5 ] he was also a supporter and advisor to reformist Iranian President Mohammad Khatami , famous for having defended freedom of expression and freedom. civil rights. [ 6 ] Mohtashemi reappeared in Western news in 2000, not as a hard-line radical but for refusing to appear in court in Iran after his pro-reform newspaper, Bayan , was banned.
Behzad Nabavi and Ali Akbar Mohtashami were among those who were prevented from participating in the Majlis elections by the Guardian council.
In 1984, after the Beirut attacks, Mohtashami received a package containing a book on Shiite holy sites while serving as Iranian ambassador to Damascus. [ 7 ] When he opened the package, it detonated, blew off his hand and seriously injured him. Mohtashami was flown to Europe and survived the blast to continue his work. The identity of the perpetrators of the attack was unknown for a long time, but in 2018 Ronen Bergman , in his book Rise and Kill First , revealed that the Israelis were behind the assassination attempt. Israeli Prime Minister Isaac Shamir, personally signed the murder order, after it was given by Mossad director Nahum Admoni.
He died on June 7, 2021 at the age of 74 due to complications from COVID-19. [ 8 ]
- "Iran: Early Race For Clerical Assembly Gets Bitter" . RadioFreeEurope / RadioLiberty (in English) . Retrieved June 7, 2021 .
- Ranstorp, Hizb'Allah in Lebanon, (1997) pp. 126, 103
- "IranNegah.com is for sale" . HugeDomains (in English) . Retrieved June 7, 2021 .
- «Safety testing...» . Www.sino-west.org . Consultado el 7 de junio de 2021 .
- «IRAN OPENS "LARGEST" CONFERENCE ON PALESTINIAN INTIFADA». www.iran-press-service.com. Consultado el 7 de junio de 2021.
- «BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Reformist newspaper closed in Iran». news.bbc.co.uk. Consultado el 7 de junio de 2021.
- "Hezbollah's Man in Iran" . FRONTLINE - Tehran Bureau (in English) . Retrieved June 7, 2021 .
- "Iran cleric who founded Hezbollah, survived book bomb, dies" . The Independent (English) . June 7, 2021 . Retrieved June 7, 2021 .