Amauta (magazine) - Amauta (revista)
|Foundation||September of 1926|
|Founder||Jose Carlos Mariategui|
|Collaborators||Luis E. Valcárcel , Alejandro Peralta , Luis de Rodrigo , Miguel Ángel Urquieta , César Atahualpa Rodríguez , Ramiro Pérez Reinoso , Enrique López Albújar , Luciano Castillo Colonna , Alcides Spelucín , Antenor Orrego , Carlos Manuel Cox , Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre|
Amauta was a Peruvian cultural magazine founded and directed by José Carlos Mariátegui . Its first issue appeared in September of 1926 and emerged as the magazine forward and renewal of the avantgarde generation (regarding the arielismo , already in decline in the late 1920s). The magazine grew out of its immediate precedent, the never-realized project of “Vanguardia. Weekly magazine of ideological renewal. Voice of the new times "publication was planning in" co-direction "between Mariátegui and Félix del Valle . Its circulation ranged from 3,500 to 4,000 copies per issue. [ 1 ]Although it was an important print run compared to many magazines of its time, a large part of these were sent as an exchange or as a gift to the magazine's collaborators; therefore, it can be inferred that the monetary collection would not necessarily be reflected according to the number of printed copies. [ 2 ]
They wrote as collaborators and correspondents well-known pens of Peruvian intellectuals representing avant-garde thought. Luis E. Valcárcel ( Cusco ), Alejandro Peralta and Luis de Rodrigo ( Puno ), Miguel Ángel Urquieta and César Atahualpa Rodríguez ( Arequipa ) Ramiro Pérez Reinoso ( Tacna ) collaborated from the south . From the north coast, Enrique López Albújar and Luciano Castillo Colonna ( Piura ), Alcides Spelucín , Antenor Orrego did the same.and Carlos Manuel Cox ( La Libertad ). From exile , Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre , founder of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA), collaborated as a correspondent in Europe .
In its pages they published intellectuals and international writers such as Marinetti , Borges , Unamuno , Breton and Alberto Hidalgo . It was the diffuser of many new currents of European thought in Peru, such as psychoanalysis , cubism , the new Russian narrative and, paradigmatically, indigenism .
The magazine had a national and international reach. 32 issues were published.
Also with Amauta a shareholding scheme disseminated in the form of contributions was tempted, which was, together with advertising and the group of subscribers “Amigos de Amauta”, the basis of its economy. Its thirty-two copies can be considered an editorial milestone in the magazines of the time in Latin America, many of which, unlike Amauta , had a short life and limited circulation. Amauta was a clear representation of the Peruvian reality, something made possible thanks to Mariátegui.
The cover of the first issue of Amauta , which appeared in September 1926, summarized the transition of the editorial project imagined by Mariátegui towards a local idea of the avant-garde. José Sabogal , the artist responsible for that cover and for the magazine's comprehensive graphic program, had been the one who suggested the name and who also contributed to lead Mariátegui's interest in the debates on South Andean indigenous people.
With the exception of the portrait of José Guadalupe Rodríguez by Diego Rivera , published as a tribute to the murdered communist leader in June 1929, the few covers that Sabogal himself did not illustrate were commissioned from Julia Codesido , his student at the National School of Fine Arts, who he replaced him in the graphic production of Amauta during his trip to Montevideo and Buenos Aires between May and November 1928. The participation of the main exponents of Indigenism marks this movement as the graphic identity of the magazine, established from its first issue. [ 3 ]
- «Letter to Mario Nerval, 1/14/1927 - José Carlos Mariátegui Archive» . file.mariategui.org . Archived from the original on October 15, 2018 . Retrieved October 15, 2018 .
- Mariátegui, José-Carlos; Torres Terrones, Ana (November 3, 2017). The archive of Amauta magazine and the beginning of avant-garde editorial production in Peru. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 .
- Majluf (2019). «Left and American Vanguard. José Carlos Mariátegui and the art of his time. ». In Beverly Adam and Natalia Majluf, ed. Vanguard Networks. Amauta and Latin America 1926-1839 . Lima Art Museum. p. 71.