|Gender :|| Anarrhinum |
( Desf. )
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Plants of the genus Anarrhinum are herbs biennial or perennial . It has basal rosette leaves , while the stem leaves are alternate, generally palmatisect. The flowers are arranged in bracteolate racemes, and have a calyx with 5 equal lobes, separated almost to the base. The corolla is markedly zygomorphic, with the upper lip bilobed and the lower lip trilobed, without palate; the tube is prolonged at the base, forming a curved spur. The stigma is capitated. The fruit is a subglobose capsule, poricidal, with ovoid, equinulate seeds.
The current name of the genus Anarrhinum was given by René Louiche Desfontaines (Desf.) In 1798, described in his work Flora Atlantica volume 2, page 51. But previously it was called Simbuleta by Peter Forsskål (Forskk.), In 1775, in his work Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica (page 115), which he wrote with his friend Carsten Niebuhr , but not published until 1837.
- Anarrhinum bellidifolium ( L. ) Willd. - Southwest Europe.
- Anarrhinum forskaohlii ( JFGmel. ) Cufod. - Africa tropical
- Anarrhinum fruticosum Desf. - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Southeast of Spain.
- Anarrhinum laxiflorum Boiss. - Morocco and South of Spain.
- Anarrhinum pedatum Desf. - Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.
Links and references
- African Flowering Plant Database
- Vascular Flora of Western Andalusia B. Valdés, S. Talavera, E. Fernández-Galiano, Ed. KETRES editora SA