|Birth|| February 28 , 1890 |
Ukraine , Genichek
|Death|| As November 15 as 1956 , 66 years old |
Argentina , Buenos Aires
Born in Gueníchesk , taurida governorate , Ukraine one 28 of February of 1890 , into a family Jewish economically disadvantaged. Since 1904 he has been active in Russian anarchism , being arrested several times by the tsarist police . In 1909 he emigrated to France , but returned to Russia in 1911 clandestinely. In 1913 he traveled to the United States , and became a union activist in the IWW, especially within the Russian emigrant community. In 1916 he participated in the organization of the first Russian newspaper, Golos Rabóchego (The voice of the worker), which was later called Golos Trúzhenika (The voice of the worker).
He returned to Russia in 1917 , performing in Ekaterinoslav . In 1918 he worked as secretary of the Bureau of the anarchists of the Don River basin , and was part of the editorial staff of the newspaper Golos Anarjista (The Voice of the Anarchist). In 1919 he joined the Nabat Confederation in Mariúpol , having to go underground due to the offensive of the White Armies . In 1920 he was arrested and transferred by the Bolsheviks to Moscow . He is released on January 6 , 1921 , but theMarch 8, he is arrested again and sentenced to three years in prison for his anarchist activities. After a 10-day hunger strike, he was released on September 17 when a delegation of foreign trade unionists complained about the situation of the arrested anarchists. He is expelled from Russia along with Feldeman, Fiódorov, Grigori Maksimov , Mrachny, Mikhailov, Volin , Vorobiov, Efim Yarchuk and Yudin.
Initially he went to Berlin but later moved to Buenos Aires in 1922 . He works among groups of Russian emigrants and collaborates with the Buenos Aires version of Dielo Trudá , as well as in the local newspaper La Antorcha , where he gives his point of view on the Bolshevik revolution. There he exposes his criticisms of trade unionism, which he considered harmful to the anarchist movement. He also collaborated with La Revista Blanca de Barcelona .
He was married to Fanny Polem, who accompanied him from a very young age in his militancy. He had two children -Anatol and Víctor- the first was born while he was in prison in Europe where several of his companions died. His wife believed that he had also died and that is why when the son was born she gave him the same name as the father. In Jewish tradition, names of living people are not repeated. It tells the story that he manages to escape to Argentina thanks to the help of Rosa de Luxembourg. In 1940 Gorélik suffered a paralysis attack that left him prostrate until his death in a hospital in Buenos Aires, on November 15 , 1956 .
- Gonenia na Anarjizm v Sovetskoy Rossii , Berlin, Izdanie "Gruppi Russkij Anarjistov v Guermanii", 1922 (Expulsion of anarchism from Soviet Russia, Edition of the Russian anarchist groups in Germany) co-authored with A. Komov and Volin .
- Anarjisti v Rossiiskoy Revoliutsii . Buenos Aires, Izdanie Rabochey Izdatelskoy Gruppi v Resp. Arguentine (Anarchists in the Russian Revolution, edition of the workers' publishing group in the Argentine Republic), June 1922.
- Pervaya Konferentsia anarjistskij organisatsii Ukraini Nabat, deklaratsia i rezoliutsi , Buenos Aires, Izdanie Rabochey Izdatelskoy Gruppi v Resp. Arguentine (First Conference of the Nabat anarchist organizations of Ukraine, edition of the publishing group of workers in the Argentine Republic], February 1922.
- First Conference of Anarchist Organizations of Ukraine 'Nabat'. Declaration and resolutions , Buenos Aires, La Protesta, 1922.
- The social revolution , Buenos Aires, editions of the Anarchist Athenaeum, 1923.
- Vospitanie v Sovetskoy Rossii - Kommunisticheskaya Vlast and Vospitanie , Buenos Aires, Izdanie Rabochey Izdatelskoy Gruppi v Resp. Arguentine (Education in Soviet Russia - Communist power and education; edition of the workers' publishing group in the Argentine Republic), December 1923.
- The revolutionary movement of the masses in Ukraine , Buenos Aires, “La Palestra” Library of Tribuna Libertaria, year II, No. 18, June 1924.
- The Russian revolution and anarchism , Buenos Aires, Anarquía editions, 1933 .
- How anarchists conceive the social revolution , Barcelona, Editions of La Revista Blanca, May 1936.
- The great problems of modern anarchism (how anarchists understand libertarian communism. Anarchists and the dictatorship of the proletariat. Anarchism and the revolutionary government), Barcelona, Ediciones de La Revista Blanca, May 1936 .
- Anarchism in the Russian Revolution , by Anatol Gorelik. Edited by Frank Mintz (foreword and biography by A. Gorelik); Buenos Aires, 2007.
- Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists , Publishing Alliance, 1974.