|Birth name||Andima Ibiñagabeitia Idoiaga|
|Nickname||Elentxun, Elantxobe, Idoyaga and Someone|
|Birth|| As January 26 as 1906 |
Elanchove , Vizcaya
|Death|| As November 2 as 1967 |
Caracas , Venezuela
Andima Ibiñagabeitia Idoiaga ( Elanchove , Vizcaya , January 26, 1906 - Caracas , Venezuela , November 2, 1967) was a Basque writer and translator. He used the nicknames of Eletxun, Norbait, Ibiñaga and Idoyaga among others to sign his articles. In 1961 they named him “Euskaltzain Oso”.
He created the Euzko Gogoa magazine in Guatemala , together with Jokin Zaitegi. In 1967, in Caracas, he was the creator and director of the Eman magazine and also directed the Irrintzi section for a time . He collaborated in magazines such as Euzko Deya , Gernika , Olerti , Alderdi , Egan , and Irrintzi . With the aim of promoting the use of Basque, he took responsibility for translating Latin classics. In some of his articles he spoke about the history of Basque literature and also made some other criticism. He also published several translations in some magazines.
His father, Galo Ibiñagabeitia, was imprisoned for distributing the book Ami Vasco by Ramón Goikoetxea.
During his high school studies at the Jesuit school in Tudela , he had Nikolas Ormaetxea Pellejero, better known as Orixe, as a teacher between 1918 and 1919. Andima decided to practice as a priest, and in 1921 he went to the Jesuit school in Loyola to study History and Humanities. In 1923 he made his vows to be a priest. In Loyola he read Ami Vasco , a book that a few years earlier sent his father to jail, and there he also began to fall in love with the Basque language. With friends like Jokin Zaitegi he formed a small Basque group. At school, he collected books and data on Basque literature with the help of one of his teachers. The first of his works in Basque that is known is a poem called Lore ederrenak .
He studied Philosophy, Mathematics and Metaphysics in Oña (Burgos) , and those of Technology and Canon Law in Belgium . During the course of 1935-1936, shortly before being able to give his first Mass, he decided to leave the Society of Jesus , since within that rigid and inflexible institution it was very difficult for him to fulfill his vow of obedience, especially in the aspects related to Basque.
As soon as he returned from Belgium, he began his work as a clerk in an explosives company in Galdácano . He was working for the same company until the beginning of the war; during this he lived in Portugal and after this in Madrid , for a very short period of time. In 1946 he went into exile to Paris and there he began to write articles for magazines and scripts for radio programs. In Paris he met Txomin Peillen and Jon Mirande , who from then on would be lifelong friends as well as co-workers. His work in the magazine Gernika (1945-1953) stands out among others.
In the letters he wrote to Jon Mirande from Guatemala and Venezuela , he highlights the great nervousness that exists among the exiled Basque nationalists. In these letters the feeling of loneliness and helplessness in which he found himself among these exiles was noted.
In 1945 he went to Guatemala, where he created the literary magazine Euzko Gogoa together as Jokin Zaitegi. In 1956 he settled permanently in Caracas to take the role of professor at the Basque House . There he died on November 2, 1967.
- Exile from exile - Letters 1935-1967
- Abere Indarra (1951-1953) - The Brute Force of Jacinto Benavente.
- Unai Kantak and Alor Kantak (1966) - Bucolicon Liber and Georgicon Libri by Virgil.
- Maita-Bidea (1966) - Ars Amandi de Ovidio. Published after his death.
Books to learn Basque
- Euskera irudi bidez, New basic Basque method (1953). Written during his stay in Paris and signed Norbait .
- Learn Basque in 60 Hours (1961).