Andor Hencke (born July 14, 1895 in Berlin ; † January 31, 1984 in Tegernsee  ) was a German diplomat in the Weimar Republic and during the National Socialist era and a member of the NSDAP . After the Second World War he was a senior officer in the Federal Intelligence Service .
On October 17, 1922, at the instigation of Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau, he was appointed to the Foreign Office , where he was the Count's personal secretary at the German embassy in Moscow from November 2, 1922 until the Count's death on September 8, 1928 .
From April 24, 1933 to November 12, 1935, Hencke was consul in Kiev and from September 26, 1936 also worked as a consul in Prague . On November 12, 1936 Hencke was promoted to envoy 2nd class and on June 16, 1937 to envoy 1st class. Hencke became a member of the NSDAP in 1935, i.e. during the NSDAP's membership ban between 1933 and 1937. 
After the German envoy Ernst Eisenlohr was appointed to the Foreign Office during the Sudeten crisis , Hencke took over his function as German Chargé d'Affaires on September 16, 1938, and on March 15, 1939 became the Foreign Office's representative to the Reich Protector for Bohemia and Moravia , Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath , appointed. According to his own statements, on the occasion of the break-up of Czechoslovakia , Hencke told his employees that they would “probably see the birth of a new world war ”. Despite this criticism of Adolf Hitler's policy, he remained in officeGerman-Soviet border and friendship treaty of September 28, 1939, head of delegation to the Mixed Central Commission of the German Reich and the USSR for border issues in Moscow , and in June 1940, after France surrendered , representative of the Foreign Office to the German Armistice Commission in Wiesbaden . On August 16, 1940, Hencke was promoted to ambassador and until the end of 1942 performed special assignments in Information Center III of the Foreign Office.
On January 11, 1943, Hencke became Deputy Ambassador in Madrid and on March 12, 1943, he took over the position of Ambassador 1st Class in the Spanish capital. However, he only held this position for a few days, because in the course of the change in the Foreign Office in March 1943, Hencke was called back to the AA to take over the management of the political department. His last promotion took place on April 29, 1943, when he was appointed ministerial director with the official title of Undersecretary of State.
The Foreign Office was not only represented at the Wannsee Conference , but subsequently also involved in the deportation of the Jews, and Hencke initialed such documents, as requested by "The Foreign Minister", here signed: Werner von Grundherr  , Otto von Erdmannsdorff and Hencke, on September 17, 1943 from the embassy in Copenhagen “on the method of transporting the Jews away, which in principle has been decided to make precise proposals”. 
post war period
After the end of the Second World War, Hencke was interned and questioned.  In 1946 , Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop , who was accused of the main war criminals in Nuremberg, asked in vain to be summoned as a witness for the defense. Hencke's predecessor as head of the "Political Department" Ernst Woermann was sentenced to five years in prison in the Wilhelmstrasse trial . Hencke was released from prison in 1947 and was initially able to return to public service as a clerk in the Reutlingen tax office . Nothing is known about its denazification . Hencke had his residence in Munich since 1951.
In the Federal Republic of Germany, Hencke headed the Eastern Department of the Federal Intelligence Service for many years, for which he was predestined as a former diplomat in the Soviet Union and language expert. His previous membership in the NSDAP was no obstacle to this. His memoirs were published by the Ukrainian Free University in Munich .
Hencke wrote detailed manuscripts about individual stages of his career, but only two of them were published:
- Eyewitness to a tragedy. Diplomatic years in Prague 1936-1939 Publication of the Sudeten German Archives in Munich; 11, Munich: Fides Publishing Company 1977.
- Memories as German Consul in Kiev in the years 1933-1936 With a preliminary remark by Georg Stadtmüller . From: Communications of the Working and Funding Association of Ukrainian Sciences eV No. 14. 1977 a. No. 15. 1978 Munich: Ukrainian Free University 1979.
- Maria Keipert (Red.): Biographical Handbook of the German Foreign Service 1871–1945. Published by the Foreign Office, Historical Service. Volume 2: Gerhard Keiper, Martin Kröger: G – K. Schöningh, Paderborn et al. 2005, ISBN 3-506-71841-X .
- Literature by and about Andor Hencke in the catalog of the German National Library
- CV data in the Federal Archives
- Place of death according to the " Reich Chancellery Files " is Kreuth .
- "Files of the Reich Chancellery. Weimar Republic ”online: 1935 member of the NSDAP. How Hencke managed to become a member during the blocking period remains to be determined. Members of the SS and SA were exempt from the ban.
- on Werner von Grundherr see entry in the Munzinger archive
- Léon Poliakov , Joseph Wulf : The Third Reich and its servants. Fourier, Wiesbaden 1989, ISBN 3-925037-45-4 . P. 102; see also: Rescue of the Danish Jews
- State Department Special Interrogations bei archives.gov
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German diplomat and Undersecretary of State|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 14, 1895|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 31, 1984|
|Place of death||Tegernsee|