|Death||August 27 , 1834|
Andres Bolognesi Campanella ( Genoa , around 1775 - Arequipa , 27 of August of 1834 ) was a musician, teacher and composer Italian . Father of the Peruvian hero, Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes . He stood out as a music chapel teacher, cellist, organist, conductor and choir.
Son of Giuseppe Bolognesi and Benedetta Campanella, he was born with the name of Andrea Bolognesi . He went to Portugal and served as a Chapel Master in the Lisbon Cathedral . He was also a cello teacher for Prince Juan de Braganza (the future Juan VI of Portugal ).
He moved to Spanish America and was a concert performer in Santiago de Chile , where his talent was highly celebrated - one of his admirers was Mateo de Toro Zambrano , Count of the Conquest , Royal Governor of Chile (1810) and president of the first National Board. of Government (1810-1811) -. [ 1 ]
At the beginning of 1807 he moved to Lima , the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru , and his prestige led him to be appointed Master of Music Chapel of the Cathedral , on September 16 of that year, with a salary of 600 pesos per year. He put great care in his craft, notably improving services. Then he assembled and arranged the first lyrical group in Lima, with local and Italian artists, with which he maintained a season in which he presented Il marriage segreto de Cimarosa , and other operas that were applauded by the public (1812).
On June 13, 1814, he married Juana de Cervantes y Pacheco, a native of Arequipa, the daughter of a wealthy merchant from that city, in the San Sebastián de Lima Parish. With her he had already had a natural daughter, Margarita, whom he legitimized, and then he had six more children, the first of whom, Francisco (the future hero of Peru), was born on November 4, 1816. The others were: Rosa (b. 1818), Manuela (b. 1819), José de las Nieves (b. 1821), Juana Manuela (b. 1824) and Mariano (b. 1826), the latter two born in Arequipa. [ 2 ]
He signed the Act of Independence of Peru approved in a session of the Lima open council, on July 15, 1821. Then, he directed the choir and musicians who accompanied the ceremonies of Mass and Te Deum on the occasion of the proclamation of the Independence of Peru, on July 28 of the same year.
In 1823 he obtained four months of paid leave and traveled to Arequipa, where he stayed for several years, probably as a result of political changes. He returned to Lima in 1830, being well received. But again he moved to Arequipa, in 1833. Now away from music, he dedicated himself to the coca and husk trade , an activity that forced him to make long trips to Puno and Cuzco . His weak frame suffered even more from such bustle and he died in 1834.
- Basadre Grohmann, Jorge (2005). History of the Republic of Peru (1822 - 1933). Volume 9 . Editora El Comercio SA Lima. ISBN 9972-205-71-1 (V.9) .
- Congrains Martín, Eduardo (1973). Battle of Arica. Second part. Ecoma Historical Library. Series "Claim". Volume 6 . Editorial ECOMA SA First edition. Lime.
- Tauro del Pino, Alberto (2001). Illustrated Encyclopedia of Peru. Third edition. Volume 3 . PEISA. Lime. ISBN 9972-40-152-5 .