Andrés de Mestre - Andrés de Mestre

Andrés de Mestre

Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg
1. er Governor Intendant of Salta of the Tucuman
1783 - 1791
Monarch Carlos III of Spain (until 1788)
Carlos IV of Spain (from 1789)
Predecessor New position
(Himself as Governor of Tucumán )
Successor Ramón García de León y Pizarro

Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg
67th Governor of Tucumán
1777 - 1783
Monarch Carlos III of Spain
Predecessor Antonio de Arriaga
Successor Dissolution of the position
(Himself as Governor Intendant of Salta del Tucumán )

Personal information
Birth 1720
Alburquerque , Spain
Death unknown value View and modify data on Wikidata
Family
Children Joaquín Mestre View and modify data on Wikidata
Professional information
Occupation Colonial governor

Andrés de Mestre (b. Alburquerque , Spain , 1720 ) was a Spanish military man who served as a crown official at the end of the 18th century in the Viceroyalty of New Spain and in the Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata .

Biography

Andrés de Mestre was born in Albuquerque , Spain , in 1720. He was the son of Captain José Mestre and at the age of sixteen he began his military career as a cadet. In 1742, he participated in the Sabaya campaign, integrating the Aragon Regiment . A year later he was part of the military actions in Piedmont . Already with the rank of second lieutenant in 1744 , he was in a campaign where he participated in the attack on the trenches of Villafranca . He also took the castle of Montalbán and the citadel of said town.

He returned to Piedmont, where he was part of the siege and capture of the castle of Dumont, the site of Coni and the battle of Madonna del Olmo , resulting in the latter seriously wounded. In 1745 he was in the Monferrato campaign and the battle of the Tanaro river . The following year, he was in the Codoño detachment, and in the general function of Plasencia , he was a prisoner. When sailing towards Galicia , he survived the shipwreck of the boat on the coast of San Sebastián .

In 1751 he was promoted to lieutenant, and three years later, to senior aide. Around 1760, he was at the site and seizure of Almeida during the Portuguese campaign . For this action he reached the rank of captain, and later, in 1764, that of sergeant major.

He was also a member of the regiment whose name was "America", constituted in Alicante and integrated with army pickets with the aim of rendering services in New Spain .

When he arrived in America , in Mexico he was promoted to graduate lieutenant colonel and served in important positions in the colonial government. In 1771, he was appointed governor of Santa Cruz de la Sierra and later, on March 25, 1776, he was appointed governor of Tucumán by royal mandate. However, he could not take office until December of the following year, prevented by the war carried out against the Portuguese. [ 1 ]

Governor of Tucumán

He assumed the governorship in the city of Jujuy , on December 23, 1777. [ 2 ] When he took over the government, he found a province in disorder. In the first place, it succeeded in modifying the regulations for the collection of the sisa tax , on which the repair of the forts, reductions and the pacification of the indigenous people depended . This provoked the opposition of the Cabildo of Salta , nevertheless he managed such amendment. He tried to put an end to the fraud committed due to the intrusion of mules and other animals to Peru . He had to deal with the serious problems of the Indians entrustedand the rebels. He founded the reduction of Mataguayans in Zenta and the fort Nuestra Señora de las Angustias. He visited the entire province and managed to stop the excesses committed in the reductions.

With the authorization of the viceroy Juan José de Vértiz , he ordered to navigate the Bermejo river , after the failures of the preceding expeditions. During his government he received attacks from the Toba and Matacos , who attacked the towns near the city of Jujuy. To face this, he sent a militia to the Rio del Valle to stop any threat. [ 3 ]

In 1780, the uprising of Túpac Amaru took place that extended until the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata , triumphing in Jujuy and threatening to spread throughout the region. In April of that year, he warned Viceroy Vértiz of the danger. Thanks to the help of Gregorio Zegada, who was the deputy superintendent and commander of the Jujuy border, he carried out a successful defense and the indigenous uprising was put down. Later, Mestre tried in Jujuy the prisoners captured by Zegada. [ 4 ]

In 1781 he sent an expedition to the Gran Chaco , under the command of Colonel Francisco Gabino Arias , former governor of Tucumán. [ 5 ]

Governor Intendant of Salta del Tucumán

In 1782, the Government of Tucumán was divided into two municipalities: Córdoba del Tucumán and Salta del Tucumán ; Mestre continued to command the second as Intendant Governor. In February 1783, he was promoted to Brigadier of the Royal Armies.

During this administration, he created a postal service and promoted the construction of bridges and routes. In addition, the foundation of new reductions, various public works and improvement of the provincial hospital stand out. He cooperated with public instruction, rebuilding the town hall houses and creating a chair of Philosophy. In 1791, the last year of his mandate, he ordered an expedition to the Chaco under the command of Colonel Juan José Fernández Cornejo. [ 4 ]

References

  1. Cutolo, VO: New Argentine Biographical Dictionary, t. IV, Buenos Aires, Elche, 1975, pp. 544-545.
  2. Bischoff, Ephraim (op. Cit., P. 693, year 1977).
  3. Andrés de Mestre - Salta Information Portal
  4. ^ A b Acevedo, EO: Notes on Tucumán and its governor Don Andrés Mestre (1777-1783), Buenos Aires, Eudeba, 1955
  5. Gullón Abao, Alberto José (op. Cit., Pp. 114, 122, 170 and 172).

Bibliography

  • Bischoff, Efrain U .; in "History of the province of Córdoba" (Ed. Plus Ultra, year 1977).
  • Gullón Abao, Alberto José; in "The border of the Chaco in the Government of Tucumán, 1750-1810" (Ed. University of Cádiz, year 1993). ISBN 84-7786-168-4
  • Lizondo Borda, M., History of Tucumán (17th and 18th centuries) , Tucumán (Argentina), National University of Tucumán, 1941.
  • Colonial documents related to San Miguel de Tucumán and the Government of Tucumán , prl. and commented. by M. Lizondo Borda, vol. VI (18th century), Tucumán (Argentina), Historical Archive of Tucumán, 1949.
  • Zinny, A., History of the Governors of the Argentine Provinces (Northwest) , Tucumán (Argentina), Fundación Banco Comercial del Norte, 1974.


Predecessor:
New position
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg
Governor Intendant of Salta del Tucumán

1783 - 1791
Successor: Ramón García de León y Pizarro
Predecessor: Antonio de Arriaga
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg
Governor of Tucumán

1777 - 1783
Successor:
Dissolution of office