Andrés Lamas (writer) - Andrés Lamas (escritor)
Andrés Lamas in 1866.
|Birth name||José Andrés Lamas|
|Birth|| November 10 , 1817 |
Montevideo ( Uruguay )
|Death|| September 23 , 1891(73 years old) |
Buenos Aires ( Argentina )
|Educated in||National College of Buenos Aires|
|Occupation||Politician , journalist , diplomat and historian|
|Busy positions||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
Son of Luis Lamas Reguera and Josefa Dominga Alfonsín Domínguez. Married to María Telésfora de Jesús Somellera y Pinazo. Lamas began his career as a contributor to El Universal . At the age of seventeen, he entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an assistant. After some time working at El Sastre , in 1836, he joined as editor of El Nacional .
In August 1836 he went into exile in Brazil, for having participated in a campaign against the government, a fact that also cost him the position he had in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In 1837 when he returned to Uruguay, he resumed his law studies. Critic of Juan Manuel de Rosas founded Another newspaper that did not last long, as well as another newspaper founded by him: El Iniciador .
Already a lawyer, in 1838, he was appointed War Auditor by the Uruguayan government, and where he participated in several military campaigns. Also in that year he refounded the newspaper "El Nacional", where several personalities of the Generation of 37 would also write: Miguel Cané , José Rivera Indarte and Juan Bautista Alberdi , among others.
In 1844, he was appointed Minister of Finance and, in addition, president of the National Association, one of whose members was Bartolomé Miter. In September 1847, he was a founding member of the Institute of Public Instruction. And, at this time, he requested and obtained from Esteban Echeverría the composition of a Treaty of Religion and Morals, which was used as a text in the schools of Uruguay.
Appointed Minister Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary Envoy to Brazil, in November 1847, he was one of the agents of the October 1851 treaties, in which the Alliance between Montevideo, Brazil and the Argentine province of Entre Ríos was formed, which would end with the power of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas . In this same year, it had signed the protocols regarding the border issues between Uruguay and Brazil. On August 13, 1855, he released his "Manifesto addressed to compatriots" that constituted the theoretical basis of the so-called Fusion Policy , which advocated the disappearance of foreign exchange and assigned the caudillismo the responsibilities of the successive civil confrontations that Uruguay lived. [ 3] His journalistic reports against theVenancio Floresgovernmenthelped to overthrow him.
He was in charge of the Legation in Rio de Janeiro until 1862, the year in which he came to reside in Buenos Aires. Between 1875 and 1876 Lamas served as Minister of Finance, and Foreign Relations, during the government of Pedro Varela .
As a businessman, Lamas played an important role in the development of Argentine telegraphy during Sarmiento's presidency . On June 8, 1872, the concession was granted to Lamas & Cia , of which Andrés Lamas was one of its main shareholders, to link Buenos Aires with Rio de Janeiro , Brazil, through a sub- river and submarine cable. On October 3, 1872, a decree accepted Lamas & Cia's request that Platino-Brazilian Cable Co. be recognized as a new concessionaire. 50% of the capital of the new company was made up of capitals from the Río de la Plata trade (Lamas among them) while the remaining was from the Eastern Company ofJohn Pender , who controlled the links between Brazil and this country with Europe.
Lamas was above all an excellent journalist, a painstaking historian and a great collector. He came to collect an immense batch of documents, as well as a very select library and a museum of the most varied objects.
«It is not possible to speak or write about politics, history, philosophy, literature, or any social, intellectual or moral manifestation that refers to the Río de la Plata and the main events of the 19th century, without meeting us a fact, a thesis, a concept, a judgment, an idea, or a comment by Lamas, ”says essayist Raúl Montero Bustamante . The phrase reflects the prolific trajectory of this man of vast culture, who, with clear lines, pointed out in numerous works the path of historiography and the promotion of culture in Plata.
A street in the Simón Bolívar neighborhood in Montevideo bears his name in his honor.
- Collection of memoirs and documents (1849)
- Historical notes on the aggressions of the Argentine dictator D. Juan Manuel de Rosas against the Independence of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (collection of articles published in 1845 for El Nacional de Montevideo and compiled in 1849)
- The politics of Brazil in the River Plate (1859)
- The May Revolution of 1810 (1872)
- Library of the Río de la Plata or collection of works, documents and news (1873)
- Instructions for the acquisition in the European archives of unpublished documents that can illustrate the colonial history of the Río de la Plata (1873)
- Don Bernardino Rivadavia (1882)
- The coat of arms of the city of Montevideo (1903)
- The Genesis of the Revolution and Independence of Spanish America (1891)
- He published a monthly magazine together with Juan María Gutiérrez and Vicente Fidel López
- Letter from Esteban Echeverría to Andrés Lamas (5-17-1844) ed. lit. Leonor Fleming (available for download [ 14 ] )
- IHGU publications
- House of Representatives, ed. (1971). Chronological Tables 1830-1971 . Montevideo. p. twenty-one.
- History 3rd CBU. Uruguay in the contemporary world.
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 1 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode10gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 2 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode02gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Río de la Plata magazine volume 3 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode08gutigoog and https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode09gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 4 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode03gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 5 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode00gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 6 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode01gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 7 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode04gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 9 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode05gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 12 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode07gutigoog
- Vicente Fidel López, Juan María Gutiérrez. Rio de la Plata magazine volume 13 https://archive.org/details/revistadelriode06gutigoog
- Letter from Esteban Echeverría to Andrés Lamas (5-17-1844) / Esteban Echeverría; ed. lit. Leonor Fleming Available: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra/carta-de-esteban-echeverria-a-andres-lamas-17-5-1844/