|Andrés Felipe Latorre|
|Birth|| August 16 , 1781 |
Spanish Empire , Banda Oriental , Montevideo
|Death|| As November 5 as 1860 , 79 years old |
Eastern State of Uruguay , Durazno
|Parents||Josefa Abalos and Antonio de la Torre|
|Conflicts||Argentine civil wars|
Son of Antonio de la Torre, from Santander , and Josefa Abalos, from Buenos Aires , he was raised in the Canelones campaign . At the age of seventeen he volunteered in a corps of cavalry militias to combat the incursions of the Portuguese who, along the Cerro Largo border , advanced on lands that belonged to Spain . He served for a time on the Yaguarón River line . During the English invasions he participated in the defense of Montevideo as a member of the company of Grenadiers of the Corps of Hussars. Distinguished for his serenity as the enemy charged through the breach in the southern wall, he emerged from combat with two wounds.
Already serving the cause of independence in 1811 , Artigas found in him an officer of the first order whom he had as an assistant in the battle of Las Piedras , also participating in operations against the besieged royalists of Montevideo. Being captain of the Blandengues Regiment , in 1815 he was assigned command of the vanguard of the operations army and he was promoted to major.
During the second Portuguese invasion he was one of the brave leaders of the national resistance. The 14 of December of 1819 , along with Artigas, beat in Santa Maria to José de Abreu , future Baron of Cerro Largo.
His mettle was cruelly tested on January 22 , 1820 , the day of the memorable battle of Tacuarembó . Such an unfortunate disaster for the patriot cause totally nullified the advantages reported a month earlier. The count of Figueira , commander of the Portuguese forces reinforced by new contingents, reached Latorre at the headwaters of the Tacuarembó chico stream. The forces had to be more or less balanced, although the number of the Orientals was probably a little greater, but inferior in arms and in quality because it was a heterogeneous group where missionary elements predominated. It is estimated that about five hundred Orientals were dead, among whom was the courageous colonelPantaleón Sotelo , and the number of prisoners passed a little the same figure.
The Baron of Rio Branco cites a version taken from the mouth of a prisoner that Artigas fled the field as soon as the fight began, leaving the leadership of the army to Latorre, an inaccurate version since Artigas had already separated from that army to meet demands in the Uruguay line, and learned of this fact when he was in Mataojo del Arapey . Latorre, with the remains of his forces, then went to Entre Ríos to fight against Ramírez, by which he was defeated and went on to take refuge in Santa Fe , under the protection of Estanislao López .
He remained there until 1825 , returning to Uruguay where Lavalleja , with whom he was related, recognized him in his rank of colonel and at the head of the Dragon Regiment he fought in Sarandí on October 12 , where he was wounded. It had a relevant performance in 1827 during the battles of Ituzaingó and Camacuá . With the Peace Convention of 1828 , he continued his military career until he was discharged on December 3 , 1832 for being suspected of colluding with Juan Antonio Lavalleja , head of the uprising against then-President Rivera., emigrating again to Santa Fe.
Reincorporated later, he was included in the military reform of July 1835 and he stopped belonging to the army, but he returned to it and put his sword at the service of the constitutional government of Manuel Oribe when Rivera, in 1836, also rebelled against the constitutional regime.
During the same period, the Durazno Military Command took place. Being defeated, he went to Argentina , returning as part of the invading army that Juan Manuel de Rosas had entrusted to General Pascual Echagüe . Undone this in Cagancha the 29 as December as 1839 , Colonel Latorre left the field with two wounded course Entre Rios .
He accompanied General Oribe, who came to Uruguay as head of the United Vanguard Army of the Argentine Confederation at the end of 1842 . He was in the besieging field of Montevideo throughout the course of the Great War , but Oribe did not give him any military position, as he did to his relative, General Lavalleja, with whom Latorre was very close.
Since then oblivious to internal struggles, Colonel Latorre lived his civil life until 1860 , when he came to die in Durazno, place of his residence. In 1870 his mortal remains were transferred to Montevideo to deposit them in the National Pantheon.