Andrés Martín de Diego - Andrés Martín de Diego
|Andrés Martín de Diego|
Martín de Diego in his workshop on Divino Pastor street in Madrid
|Birth name||Gregorio Andrés Martín de Diego|
December 19, 1911 |
Madrid , Spain
March 30, 1977 |
Madrid , Spain
Andrés Martín Cifuentes |
Dionisia by Diego Torrejón
|Spouse||Ana Maria Rojo Solar|
Ana María Martín Rojo |
José Andrés Martín Rojo
Gregorio Andrés Martín de Diego was born on December 19, 1911 in Madrid , Spain , where except for a short time he spent his entire life. Since he was a child he showed a great fondness for music and soon a great interest in the guitar and bandurria began to awaken in him, instruments that he played at a good level, even in front of the public on several occasions during his youth.
Despite being a good student, at the age of 13 he had to drop out of school to help his large family financially. And he began to do various jobs, without neglecting his musical concerns, completing studies of music theory in 1933 at the Madrid Conservatory . The desire to build instruments was beginning to build in his mind. [ 1 ]
After the Civil War , he began to visit some of the guitar workshops that existed in Madrid. During these visits, he learned the first lessons of the luthier trade . In one of these workshops, he met who would become his first teacher: Julio Bustamante , an old guitar maker from Granada, a good connoisseur of the profession, who began to show him his knowledge on Calle Norte 27. He also received teachings or influences from other teachers like Marcelo Barbero [ 2 ] , Domingo Esteso , Manuel Ramírez , José Torres , Francisco Simplicio or Enrique García .
Martín de Diego's beginnings as a luthier took place at the beginning of the 1950s at his home, at 9 Hilarión Eslava Street, where in his free hours he worked on his first instruments. From there he went to a place on Calle del Rollo, specifically at number 3, where he continued combining his work as an accountant with that of guitar maker.
For some time, he carried out restoration work on instruments for the widow of Santos Hernández (1873-1943), a disciple of Manuel Ramírez and for whom Martín de Diego always felt great admiration, considering him "the greatest and most complete teacher in Spain." . [ 4 ]
Martín de Diego was gaining recognition in the circle of instrumentalists of the time and his guitars were gaining more and more customers, so he made the decision to dedicate himself entirely to the luthier trade. With the opening, in 1955 , of his own workshop at number 22 of Divino Pastor street in Madrid, his consecration in the trade arrived. In this workshop he built, until his death in 1977 , more than a thousand guitars and several hundred bandurrias and lutes that have reached the hands of instrumentalists from all over the world. [ 5 ]
Some of the classical artists who have played his instruments are Narciso Yepes , José Luis Rodrigo , Regino Sainz de la Maza , Julian Bream , José Romero , Manuel Grandío and José Miguel Moreno . Also in flamenco , names such as Víctor Monje “Serranito” , Sabicas or Manolo Sanlúcar stand out, and in popular music others such as Julio Iglesias , Alberto Cortez , Luis Pastor , Amancio Prada , Nuestro Pequeno Mundo, Jayme Marques , Atahualpa Yupanqui , Los Tres de Castilla , Los Payadores , El Trío Siboney , Sergio and Estíbaliz or, his own grandson, Pablo A. Martín of the Tangerine Flavor group .
His sister Amalia and his disciple and brother-in-law Javier Rojo Solar collaborated in his work , who continued the activity of the workshop after the death of Martín de Diego, which remained open until 2008 . [ 6 ]
Andrés Martín de Diego was the son of Andrés Martín Cifuentes and Dionisia de Diego Torrejón and the third of six siblings. In 1955 he married Ana María Rojo Solar with whom he had two children: Ana María and José Andrés.
Inventions and legacy
In collaboration with the musician Roberto Grandío , Martín de Diego created in 1976 a new instrument that completed the range of Spanish lutes (bandurria, contralto lute, tenor lute, arch lute), the double bass lute. [ 7 ] The public debut of this instrument, played by Grandío, took place at the Teatro Real in Madrid on May 1, 1976 . [ 8 ]
The Music Museum of Urueña (Valladolid) shows a portion of the funds that integrates the collection of instruments Luis Delgado . Among the more than 500 instruments from various origins selected among all those in the complete collection, an archlute of the Gaspar Sanz Orchestra manufactured by Martín de Diego in 1968 is exhibited . [ 9 ]
- «MARCELO BARBERO (EX MANOLO SANLUCAR)» (in English) . Guitar Salon International . Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
- «Andrés Martín. Guitars handmade in Madrid » (in English) . Jedi Star . Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
- "Santos Hernández" . Blog of Maximiliano Bazán (luthier) . Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
- "1961 ANDRES MARTIN SP / CSAR" (in English) . Guitar Salon International . Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
- Velasco, José Manuel (2010). "Manuel Grandío (1920-1979) seen by his disciples." Alzapúa. Journal of the Spanish Federation of Guitar and Plectrum Instruments (16): 16.
- «Virtual Museum» . Urueña Music Museum . Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
- Rey, Juan José and Navarro, Antonio (1993). The pick instruments in Spain. Bandurria, citole and Spanish lutes . Editorial Alliance. Music Alliance. Madrid Spain.