Andrés Muruais Rodríguez - Andrés Muruais Rodríguez

Andrés Muruais Rodríguez
Andres Muruais.jpg
Personal information
Birth name Andrés L. Muruais Rodríguez
Birth November 30, 1851
Pontevedra (Galicia) , Spain
Death November 21, 1882 (age 31)
Pontevedra (Galicia) , Spain
Grave San Amaro Cemetery View and modify data on Wikidata
nationality Spanish
Professional information
Occupation Writer
Years active XIX century
Gender Narrative Poetry Theater
Company Firmaandresmuruais.jpg

Andrés Leandro Muruais Rodríguez ( Pontevedra , 1851 - Id., 1882). Galician poet from the late nineteenth century. His works reflect the way of life of the Galician society of the time and he was one of the literary references of the poetic movement called the generation of 68 or generation of Fonseca . His intense political and social activism was cut short with his untimely death at age 31.


He was born in Pontevedra on November 30, 1851. He was the oldest of three brothers. A year later his brother Jesús would be born and a few years later, his sister Soledad. His mother, Soledad Rodríguez, was a bourgeois from Pontevedra , his father, Juan Muruais, a native of Santiago de Carril , was a professor of mathematics at the Institute of that city. He was orphaned of a father very soon, because Juan died when Andrés was not yet 4 years old. The absence of a father made Andrés a somewhat wayward young man. Mediocre student, managed to finish his high school studies at the Institutes of Pontevedra and Orense , to enroll, in 1869, at the Faculty of Medicine of Santiago de Compostela. It was in his stage as a university student, when he began to write his first poems and plays. He joined the movement that advocated a Galicia within a cantonal federal state. Nicknamed "The Devil of Galicia" due to his hyperactivity and rebellious nature (he stoned casinos, made fun of the clergy, harassed the bourgeois) he led a group of students called "The Fonseca Battalion", among whom were Alfredo Vicenti , Manuel Curros Enríquez and Waldo Álvarez Insua , among others. After finishing his degree, in 1875, he moved with his brother Jesús to Madrid . There he attended the meetings of La Galicia Literaria, literary cenacle made up of the Galician poets who then resided in the capital of Spain ( Francisco Añón , Teodosio Vesteiro , Manuel Curros Enríquez , Celso García de la Riega , Evaristo Vázquez , his brother Jesús, etc.). His impetuous character, caused a heated dispute within the group that would be the preamble to the dissolution of the association. [ 1 ] His stay in the village is brief, as his longing for the land consumes him. He returned after a short time to practice as a doctor in the Pontevedra town of Catoira .

His literary career began in 1873, in the Pontevedra newspapers El Deber and La Constancia , where he wrote current chronicles under the pseudonym Teucro . He composed a couple of theatrical pieces that were represented in his day with relative success: Percances de un viejo verde (1874) and La Hija del Timonel (1878). But where he stood out was in the field of poetry. He wrote indistinctly in Galician and Spanish, although his most celebrated poems were written in his vernacular: Unha de paus (1875), O bautismo (1878) and Cousas de mozos . His youth poems were published in the serial El Deberand La constancia en 1874, forming a volume entitled Cantos inarmónicos . The theme of his poems is customary, although his first poems exude an eroticism that borders on the obscene ( Give me all of them, Susana. Biblical Legend, Sacrosanct Scene ). Although he would soften his tone over time, he always retained a roguish undertone. He was a militant anticlerical and many of his compositions give proof of this ( Anochecer en Belvis, Dos religiones ). In 1876, he created the mythological character of Urco , who would give life to the carnivals of the city. He participated in the Floral Games of Pontevedra in 1880, where he won an award for hisHymn to Galicia . He promoted choral music, founding the choir "Los Amigos". With just a few days to go until his thirty-second anniversary, on November 21, 1882, Andrés Muruais died of tuberculosis contracted months before. In his honor, the Galician poets made a Funeral Crown [ 2 ] in his memory.

Literary work

Hymn to Galicia (1880)
Music: Felipe Paz Carbajal, lyrics: Andres Muruais Rodríguez.


  1. VESTEIRO, Theodosius. Minutes Book of the Society "La Galicia Literaria" . Madrid.
  2. VARIOUS. Funeral wreath to the memory of the late Galician poet Andrés Muruais . Imp. Millán. Pontevedra 1883


external links