Andrés Nieto Carmona - Andrés Nieto Carmona

Andrés Nieto Carmona

Mayor of Merida [ a ]
April 1931-October 1934

Personal information
Birth April 28, 1901
Villanueva de la Serena
Death November 1, 1976
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
nationality Spanish
Political party PSOE
Professional information
Occupation Politician, trade unionist
Military branch
Rank Colonel
Conflicts Spanish Civil War

Andrés Nieto Carmona ( Villanueva de la Serena , April 28, 1901 - Las Palmas de Gran Canaria , November 1, 1976) was a Spanish politician , trade unionist and military man during the period of the Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War . He was mayor of Mérida during the period 1931-1934, and in the Civil War he stood out at the head of his unit, the 87th Mixed Brigade , in the Battle of Teruel .


He was born on April 28, 1901 in the Badajoz town of Villanueva de la Serena .

Railway factor by profession, he worked for the company MZA . During the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, he joined the UGT railway union to organize the railway workers in Mérida. Later he joined the Socialist Group of Mérida and in the municipal elections of 1931 he was elected councilor of this city by the PSOE.

Between October 1931 and June 1934 he served as Mayor of Mérida, doing important work in the city: he supported the creation of the Rural Hygiene Institute, the Municipal Library or the Parador de Turismo , and undertook the paving of a good part of the streets of the city. [ 2 ] He also stood out in the cultural sphere, promoting the recovery of the Roman ruins of Mérida. In 1931 Nieto had already made a request in this regard to the Madrid government, although without much success. [ 3 ] In spite of everything, by 1933 the Roman theater had been recoveredfor the representation of theatrical works, a fact that was eclipsed with the premiere of Medea on June 18 of that year, in which it was one of the most important cultural events of the Second Republic.

In 1934 he was dismissed as mayor by the Lerroux Government , [ 4 ] although he would be restored to his post after the victory of the Popular Front in the February 1936 elections.

When the civil war broke out in July 1936, Nieto was in Madrid, and after the Franco conquest of Mérida he no longer returned to the city. In the month of November, he had an outstanding participation in the defense of the capital at the head of a battalion of the 3rd Mixed Brigade , action for which he was proposed for the award of the Madrid Laureate Badge . [ 5 ] In February 1937 he joined the Police Corps , where he quickly rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. [ 6 ] He was also in command of the 87th Mixed Brigade, and later to the front of the 40th Division . [ 7 ] During the Battle of Teruel he played a prominent role in directing some of the forces that attacked the last rebel strongholds, after the Republicans had taken control of the entire city. After the occupation of the city, the republican command appointed him military commander of the square. [ b ] Later he intervened with his unit at the Levante front . Nieto would be promoted to colonel at the end of the war. [ 9 ]

After the war he went into exile in Great Britain , although in the 1960s he returned clandestinely to Spain.


  1. ↑ He would return to assume the mayoralty of Mérida after the elections of February 1936, although a few months later he would be suspended by the civil governor due to the climate of strikes and confrontations that took place; in fact, Nieto was in Madrid when the civil war broke out . [ 1 ]
  2. Some weeks later, Nieto Carmona ordered the execution of 46 soldiers from the 84th Mixed Brigade - which was part of the 40th Division - who had rebelled against the order to return to the front during the so-called “events of Mora de Rubielos ». [ 8 ]


  1. Corral, 2005, pp. 35-36.
  2. Corral, 2005, p. 34.
  3. Married Rigalt, 2006 , p. 304.
  4. Corral, 2005, p. 35.
  5. Corral, 2005, p. 36.
  6. Corral, 2005, p. 37.
  7. Engel, 1999, pp. 83, 217.
  8. Corral, 2005, p. 279.
  9. Corral, 2005, p. 232.


  • Married Rigalt , Daniel (2006). José Ramón Mélida (1856-1933) and Spanish archeology . Royal Academy of History.
  • Corral , Pedro (2005). If you want to write to me. The battle of Teruel . Pocket-size. ISBN 84-9793-626-4 .
  • Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid: Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .