Andrés Pérez (theater director) - Andrés Pérez (director de teatro)
|Andres Perez Araya|
Andrés Pérez Araya in 1994
|Birth name||Andrés Lorenzo Pérez Araya|
|Birth|| May 11 , 1951 |
Punta Arenas ( Chile )
|Death|| January 3 , 2002(50 years old) |
Santiago de Chile (Chile)
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Spouse||Rosa Ramírez (1972-1975)|
|Sons||Andrés Pérez Ramírez|
|Educated in||Manuel Barros Borgoño High School|
|Occupation||Actor and theater director|
|Notable works||The black Esther|
Lorenzo Andrés Pérez Araya ( Punta Arenas , November as maypole as 1951 - Santiago , 3 as January as 2002 ) was an actor , playwright and theater director Chilean , best known for the work Black Ester and its work in street theater.
Andrés Pérez Araya was born on November of maypole of 1951 in Punta Arenas , son of Antonio Perez Alonso, ASMAR master blacksmith in the Navy , and Alicia Araya, housewife. [ 1 ] In his childhood he had several health problems, was born with jaundice and had liver problems of the gallbladder . [ 2 ] His religious concern led him to enter the Congregation of the Holy Family, being in the seminaries of La Serena and Santiago, and from which he was expelled for indiscipline. As a teenager he moved with his family to live in Tocopilla, a northern port. Here he begins to enhance his natural creative talent and leadership; creates the theater group “ATELIT”, which he directs, writes plays for and produces. With this group he travels through Antofagasta and Santiago, this is his first creative laboratory. For his particular vision of life where respect for students, workers, women and their rejection of discrimination, he is elected president of the Tocopilla High School. At that time, he decided on theatrical performance, a career he studied at the University of Chile , in two periods, between 1971 and 1973 and then from 1975 to 1977 , the year in which he graduated. [ 2]
She practiced dance at the Bim Bam Bum and on the television program Sábado Gigante . [ 2 ] Between 1978 and 1980 he was an assistant to Fernando González at the Teatro Itinerante, a space where he began his training in theater directing. Then he became independent to found the Contemporary Urban Theater. [ 2 ]
He traveled to France , where in 1982 he joined the Théâtre du Soleil . [ 1 ] During his participation in this group, he acted in works such as Enrique IV , Ricardo II , The terrible, but unfinished story of Norodom Sihanorik, King of Cambodia , La Indiada , among others. [ 3 ]
He returned to Chile in 1988 , the year in which, influenced by his experience in France, he founded the theater company Gran Circo Teatro , on October 11 . From this company came works such as Nemesio pela'o que es lo que te ha pasa'o , Popol Vuh , and the most influential of his career, La Negra Ester , which catapulted him as one of the renovators of the Chilean art scene during the 1990s . [ 2 ]
He also recovered the state wineries of Matucana, which led him to conflict with the then bi- minister of Housing and National Assets , Jaime Ravinet , since Andrés proposed that the artists were the ones to manage the space under the wing of the state apparatus, without The embargo was rejected and evicted. Today that place is the Matucana 100 Cultural Center . [ 4 ]
In 2000 he was diagnosed with HIV , a situation that he kept silent despite having been a promoter of respect for people living with HIV , and a defender of sexual minorities ; in fact, he openly declared his bisexuality on several occasions . [ 5 ] On November 1 of the 2001 , he joined the San José Hospital of Santiago de Chile because of pneumonia . [ 5 ]She was in bed # 8, which months later would become known for having had one of the highest death rates in that hospital, due to an error in the air and oxygen lines . [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Pérez died on 3 as January as 2002 .
Andrés Pérez's birthday, May 11 , has become an important day in terms of cultural and artistic dissemination. Every year on this date various theatrical carnivals are held in cities such as Valparaíso , Santiago , Concepción and Punta Arenas . In 2006, the Senate of Chile declared May 11 as National Theater Day, in honor of Pérez's outstanding career. [ 8 ]
- 1983: Beatitudes
- 1988: La negra Ester , based on the work of Roberto Parra .
- 1990: Epoch 70: Allende, collective creation
- 1992: Popol Vuh (rereleased in 1998)
- Richard II and Twelfth Night
- 1995: El retaliation , based on the work of Roberto Parra.
- 1996: Mr. Bruschino , opera.
- 1996: The consecration of poverty , based on the work of Alfonso Alcalde .
- 1996: The pergola of flowers .
- 1997: Silk scale , opera.
- 1998: The marriage contract , opera.
- 1998: Madame de Sade
- 1998: Thomas
- 1999: Nemesio Pelao, what has happened to you? , based on the work of Cristián Soto.
- 2000: Voices in the Mud
- 2000: Visiting The Little Prince
- 2000: The Oresteia
- 2001: La huida
- National Library of Chile (ed.). « " I am a militant of beauty "Andrés Pérez Araya (1951-2002) Chronology» . Chilean memory . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- National Library of Chile (ed.). "Andrés Pérez Araya" . Chilean memory . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- Etcheverría, Estefanía (January 15, 2012). "Andrés Pérez's days of learning and celebration at the Théâtre du Soleil" . The Third . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- Cabello, Marcelo (January 3, 2002). "Andrés Pérez and his frustrated project: a cultural center in Matucana" . The Mercury . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- Bahamondes Ch., Pedro (April 26, 2016). "Andrés Pérez in the first person" . The Third . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- "Serious failure in ICU of Hospital San José" . The Nation . March 12, 2008. Archived from the original on July 15, 2019 . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- "Deaths in 8 hospital beds would add up to 22" . The Mercury of Vaparaíso . April 12, 2002 . Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- Chile.com, "The Theater Has Its Day: May 11"
- Brahm, Sebastián (2002). "The mysterious final silence." Book of the year 2002, La Tercera . p.100-103 .
- Hurato, María de la Luz (2015). “Andrés Lorenzo Pérez Araya has the floor. Memories and lessons of life and theater ».