Andres Redondo Ortega - Andrés Redondo Ortega
Andrés Ortega Redondo (d. 1964) was a politician and banker Spanish .
Older brother of Onésimo Redondo , to whom he joined a deep friendship and of whom he served as protector in his early years, [ 1 ] he was a bank employee by profession, [ 2 ] and in his early years he became director of the delegation Valladolid from the Banco Hispano Americano . [ 3 ]
In his youth he was a member of the National Catholic Association of Propagandists [ 4 ] (ACNdP) and later, together with his brother Onésimo, he founded the Spanish Councils for Hispanic Action (JCAH) in 1931. [ 5 ] He came to collaborate financially with the weekly Igualdad , published during his brother's exile in Portugal.
Despite the fact that before the Civil War he had not been a member of the Falange , [ 6 ] the outbreak of the conflict and the death [ a ] of his brother radically changed this situation. During the funeral Onesimus was hailed by the Phalangists as provincial leader of the Falange in Valladolid , [ 8 ] [ 9 ] position he assumed in fact end. He also inherited from his brother the territorial leadership of Falange in Castilla La Vieja . [ 10 ]Under his mandate, the Valladolid Falange practiced great violence and repression against local republican elements. [ 11 ] An ambitious man, [ 12 ] he came to have a great autonomous power in his territorial fiefdom. [ 13 ] [ b ] Soon this autonomy made him into conflict with other powers of the Falange. Confronted with the dissident faction of Valladolid - led by the radical Falangists José Antonio Girón de Velasco and Luis González Vicén -, Redondo went to Manuel Hedilla; however, after a tense discussion with Hedilla, he was removed from his post and replaced by Dionisio Ridruejo . [ 15 ] [ c ]
- Andrés Redondo himself was accompanying his brother and other Falangists when a shootout with militiamen near Labajos led to the death of Onésimo. [ 7 ]
- Although the jurisdiction of the provinces of León , Zamora and Salamanca , initially in the hands of Redondo, later passed to Rafael Garcerán . [ 14 ]
- The removal of Andrés Redondo occurred late 1936, [ 16 ] was ratified on January 8, 1937. [ 17 ]
- Tommasoni, 2014, p. 57.
- Payne, 1961, p. 131.
- Cenarro Lagunas, 2006 , p. 3.
- Redondo, 1993, p. 343n.
- Preston, 2002, p. 213.
- Thomas, 1976, p. 454.
- Martínez Jiménez, 2000 , p. 372.
- Preston, 2002, p. 230.
- Payne, 1999, p. 250.
- Thomàs, 1999, p. 103.
- Preston, 2013, p. 267.
- Preston, 2002, p. 229.
- Payne, 1999, pp. 257-258.
- Thomàs, 1999, p. 104.
- Payne, 1999, p. 258.
- Preston, 2002, p. 253.
- Payne, 1999, p. 259.
- Alba, 1974, p. 25.
- «Obituary. Don Andrés Redondo Ortega , ABC , p. 50 (February 11 1964)
- Cenarro Lagunas , Ángela (2006). Falange's smile. Social Assistance in the Civil War and in the postwar period . Review.
- Martín Jiménez , Ignacio (2000). The civil war in Valladolid, 1936-1939. Bloody sunrises . Ambit.
- Payne, Stanley G. (1961). Falange. A History of Spanish Fascism. Stanford University Press.
- —— (1999). Fascism in Spain, 1923–1977. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
- Preston, Paul (2002) . Doves of War. Four Women of Spain. Northeastern University Press.
- —— (2013) . The Spanish Holocaust. Hatred and Extermination in the Civil War and after . Barcelona: Debolsillo.
- Redondo , Gonzalo (1993). History of the Church in Spain, 1931-1939: The Civil War, 1936-1939 . Rialp Editions. ISBN 84-321-3016-8 . Archived from the original on February 2, 2017 . Retrieved May 15, 2017 .
- Sáez Alba , A. (1974). The National Catholic Association of Propagandists and the case of El Correo de Andalucía . Iberian Wheel.
- Thomas , Hugh (1976). History of the Spanish Civil War . Barcelona: Circle of Readers. ISBN 84-226-0874-X .
- Thomàs , Joan Maria (1999). What was the Falange. The Falange and the Falangists of José Antonio, Hedilla and the Unification. Franco and the end of the Spanish Falange de las JONS . Barcelona: Plaza & Janés.
- Tomasoni , Matteo (2014). Onésimo Redondo Ortega. Life, work and thought of a national trade unionist (1905-1936) . (thesis directed by Ricardo Manuel Martín de la Guardia). Valladolid: University of Valladolid .