|Andrés Ripoll Muntaner|
|Director of the Villafranca Station|
|Director of the European Astronaut Center|
|Birth|| June 11 , 1933 |
|Death|| January 2 , 2017 |
Palma de Mallorca Spain
|Educated in||Polytechnic School|
|Occupation||military , engineer|
|Member of||Royal Academy of Engineering of Spain|
Andrés Ripoll Muntaner in Catalan Andreu Ripoll Muntaner ( Barcelona , 1933 - Palma de Mallorca , 2 of January of 2017 ) was a military and engineer Spanish known for collaborating on the agenda of the Apollo 11 or the space station Skylab , among many other projects for 25 years. In his last years he devoted himself to dissemination and received many national and international awards.
Andrés Ripoll was born as the second of three brothers in a modest family in 1933, in the city of Barcelona, although they were originally from Mallorca , a place where he would never lose contact and where he would end up residing in his last life stage. His father, Andrés too, was a military man and a mathematics teacher, along with his mother Catalina, they had problems during the Spanish civil war . Andrés Ripoll did his bachelor studies at the Ramon Llull Institute in Palma de Mallorca.
Military and academic life
In 1952, at the age of 19, he entered the Military Academy of Zaragoza and later continued the tough military study plan at the Artillery Academy of Segovia . He was promoted at the end of 1956 as lieutenant of artillery . In September 1957, he prepared for the title of Arms Engineer at the Polytechnic School of Madrid . It is in the Spanish capital where he meets his future wife, María Jesús, whom he married in 1961 and with whom he will have three children.
In October 1964 and for three years he dedicated himself to the development of missiles, finishing his military studies as the first of promotion and ascending to Captain Armament Engineer. For this reason, the Cross of Military Merit is awarded with a white badge. He was a professor at the Polytechnic University of Madrid and also obtained a diploma in Operational Research from the Complutense University of Madrid and Space Research Techniques at the Godard Center .
The Hawk anti-aircraft missile program
In 1953, a treaty had been signed in Spain with the United States of America (USA), and approved by President Eisenhower on his first visit to Spanish soil in 1959, by which the country joined the Western defense system of the Soviet Union (USSR). As part of this program, Spain was offered the MIM-23 Hawk missiles as an anti-aircraft system . Andrés Ripoll was assigned as an army officer in 1965 to Fort Bliss , in El Paso ( Texas ) to carry out training courses and maintenance of missiles. Course attendees could listen to rocket ignition tests from the nearbyMarshall Space Flight Center , directed by the important German scientist Wernher von Braun , one of those responsible for the development of American rockets.
As a child I wanted to be a researcher. My father, who was a military man and a mathematics teacher, constantly proposed practical problems to me and I became fond of astronomy. All of this sparked my imagination. Then I devoted myself to experiments. He made sinking submarines, and things like that. Later I realized that I was more interested in answering the questions that humans constantly ask themselves about the universe and themselves. Then I was lucky enough to always participate in unique, very creative projects, such as the North American space missions. I had to create a monitoring station in Spain from scratch; Now I have to create an astronaut training center, something that only two countries have undertaken so far: the United States and the Soviet Union.
In 1967 he was appointed head of the general workshops of the Hawk missile defense system and participated in their deployment in La Línea de la Concepción , in the Strait of Gibraltar . In 1969 he was promoted to Commander and posted to Madrid. He applies for a 6-month permit for his own business to participate with INTA in the Apollo XI Program from the Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex and with the Fresnedillas Facility for manned space flights (MSFN) . He supported the arrival to the moon on July 20, 1969. At the end of the six months of his own affairs, he will retire from supernumerary and will be granted voluntary retirement from the army in 1979.
In 1971 he obtained a doctorate in Armament Engineering.
During those years he will specialize in Space Research Techniques and Space Flight Control and will collaborate with NASA since 1964 and with the National Institute of Aerospace Technology (INTA). It also participated in the first space laboratory, Skylab, and the Apollo-Soyuz test project .
Projects in Europe
In 1975, as a member of the recently created European Space Agency (ESA), he was director for the first 13 years of the Villafranca del Castillo Satellite Tracking Station and from where he promoted ultraviolet and X-ray exploration programs .
In 1988 he was commissioned by ESA to create and develop the European Astronaut Center (EAC) in Germany and for six years he was in charge of training and missions for European astronauts in collaboration with the US, the Soviet Union and later Russia . [ 2 ] There he met who would be the first Spanish astronaut, Pedro Duque .
Some day we will have to think that it is necessary to learn to live in space. I do not see that humanity can continue to expand in those two dimensions in which we find ourselves. Max Weber said that humanity would never have achieved the possible if it had not tried, again and again, the impossible.
Asteroid 28133 Ripoll
In his honor, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) approved the appointment of an asteroid in 2009 as 228,133 Ripoll discovered by the Observatory La Sagra with the participation of the Astronomical Observatory of Mallorca [ 5 ] [ 6 ] .
Among many, some of the distinctions:
- Certificate of Apollo XI (NASA)
- Ramon Llull Prize for Science ' ( Ramon Llull Prize , 2001)
- Scientific and Technological Merit ( Narcís Monturiol Award , 2001)
- Community Gold Medal ( Consell de Mallorca , (2010).
- Military electronics (1984)
- The great atlas of space (1987), scientific director.
- A look at space , (1998) Galaxia Gutenberg , Barcelona, 240 pages. ISBN 978-84-8109-186-1
- Ruiz de Elvira, Malen ( September 4 , 1989 ). "A quiet man." . The Country . Retrieved June 6 , 2018 .
- The Spanish Andrés Ripoll will direct the training of European cosmonauts , El País , September 27 , 1988
- «Oddly enough ..» . Last Hour (Spain) . As January 23 as 2017 . Retrieved June 6 , 2018 .
- [ http://www.raing.es/es/acad-micos/excmo-sr-d-andr-s-ripoll-muntaner Excmo. Sr. D. Andrés Ripoll Muntaner
- The space researcher Andrés Ripoll already has his asteroid , Diario de Mallorca , June 12 , 2010
- Fitxa a JPL Small-Body Database Browser de la NASA
- Royal Academy of Engineering (2018). In Memoriam Session Excmo. Mr. Andrés Ripoll Muntaner . Royal Academy of Engineering. p. 78.