|Gender||drama for music|
|Based on||based on Andromaque by Jean Racine|
|Composer||Vicente Martin and Soler|
|Premiere location||Regio Theater ( Turin )|
|Release date||December 26 , 1780|
Andrómaca (original title in Italian , Andromaca ) is a dramma per musica in three acts , with music by Vicente Martín y Soler according to a libretto by Apostolo Zeno , [ 2 ] based on the work Andrómaca , by Jean Racine . It premiered at the Teatro Regio in Turin on December 26 , 1780 .
This opera is set in Troy , after its fall to the Greeks . The libretto by Zeno, as he explained, was a synthesis of the Andromache of Euripides , the Andromache of Racine, troyanas The Euripides and troyanas The of Seneca . None of the characters is Zeno's own invention.
This opera is rarely performed today; in Operabase statistics it appears with only one representation in the period 2005-2010.
Cast of the premiere, December 26, 1780 |
( Director : Paolo Domenico Canavasso)
|Andromache / Andromache - widow of Hector , Trojan princess and slave of Pyrrhus||mezzo soprano||Luisa Todi|
|Astianacte / Astianatte - son of Andrómaca and Héctor|
|Telémaco / Telemaco - son of Ulysses, kidnapped and raised by Andrómaca|
|Pyrrhus / Pyrrhus - son of Achilles , king of Epirus [ 3 ] and lover of Andromache||sopranist||Domenico Bedini|
|Hermíone / Ermione - daughter of Menelaus , king of Sparta , and Helena , and betrothed to Pyrrhus and lover of Orestes||soprano||Rosa Bagioni|
|Ulysses / Ulisse - king of Ithaca and Greek ambassador|
|Orestes / Oreste - son of Agamemnon , king of Argos , and lover of Hermíone||tenor||Antonio Prati|
|Pílades / Pilade - friend of Orestes||sopranist||Giuseppe Benigni|
|Clearte - Hermíone confidant||mezzo-soprano "in transvestite"||Angiola Marzorati 'l'Ingesina "|
At the end of the Trojan War, Andromache, faithful widow of Hector, his son Astianacte and Telemachus, the son of Ulysses, whom she has kidnapped and raised as her own son, are captives of Pyrrhus (soprano), king of Epirus, who wishes Andromache even though she rejects his love and fear for the life of Astianacte, whom the Greeks consider heir to Hector's strength. The Spartan princess Hermíone, promised to Pyrrhus, is overcome by jealousy at the betrayal of her lover, and wants to eliminate her rival. Ulysses arrives to force Pyrrhus to fulfill his commitment to Hermíone, to punish Andrómaca for the kidnapping and death (which he believes) of his son and to kill Astianacte. Protected by Pyrrhus, Andrómaca hides the children in Hector's grave. When Ulysses discovers them, she reveals that one is his son. After Hermíone identifies Telémaco and Astianacte is brought to execution, Pyrrhus orders that Telémaco also die. Ulises then compromises and both lives are spared. Pyrrhus, hearing that Andromache will commit suicide if she is forced to marry him, accepts Hermíone.
- Studio recording. Performers: Elena de la Merced (Andromaca) , Flavio Oliver (Pirro) , José Ferrero (Oreste) , Beatriz Lanza (Ermione) , María José Martos (Pilade) , Pilar Moral (Clearte) , Luis Soto (Astianatte) . Canales Quartet: Juan Linares (violin), Esther Rubio (violin), Luis Llácer (viola) and Javier Albarés (cello). Live recording, on July 5, 2006, in the Patio de los Mármoles of the Royal Hospital of Granada .
Notes and references
- Pierre-Michel Alix (1762 - 1817): French engraver .
- In the Almanacco it appears that the libretto is by Antonio Salvi, with revision by Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi.
- Antonio Salvi (1664 - 1724): Italian librettist.
- Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi (1728 - 1799): Italian poet and librettist.
- Cf. " United Albania and the " Y " Pyrrhus of Epirus ."