Andreas-Tragaltar - Andreas-Tragaltar

Andreas portable altar or Egbert shrine from the Egbert workshop
Reliquary of the Holy Nail (previously kept in the Egbert Shrine)

The Andreas portable altar or Egbert shrine is a box-shaped collective reliquary that is kept in Trier Cathedral . It is one of the most important works of Ottonian goldsmithing.

The reliquary was made in the Trier Egbert workshops on behalf of Archbishop Egbert von Trier , who is inscribed as the donor of the reliquary. The reliquary was named Andrew's portable altar after the most important relic it contained, a sandal of the Apostle Andrew . In addition to this, the reliquary contained links of the chain used to bind Saint Peter , the whiskers of this saint, a nail from the cross of Christ and the drinking bowl of Saint Helena .

The reliquary is box-shaped, the edge length is about 45 × 22 cm. The box stands on four pillars supported by lying lions. On the sliding lid is the almost life-size foot of the apostle Andrew, which is carved from gold sheet and which refers to the relic in the box. The long sides of the reliquary are divided into three fields, each with an elaborate frame made of alternating enamel tabletsshowing floral motifs and filigree fields surrounded by a central gemstone. In the four outer fields there are larger melters set in ivory plates with the symbols of the four evangelists, the motifs of which are influenced by the contemporary Trier illumination. A particularly clear similarities to the symbols of the Evangelists in the so-called. Are masters of Registrum Gregorii picturesque revised Strahov Gospels . In the middle fields of the shrine there is a golden, cast lion. The narrow sides are framed in the same way, they are each adorned with a round disc, which is framed by pearls, on the heel side, this disc is a Merovingian spoliain the form of an almandine disc with a gold coin of the Byzantine emperor Justinians in the center.

literature

  • Franz Rademacher : The Trier Egbert Shrine. His relationship with the Frankish-Carolingian goldsmith's art. In: Trier magazine for the history and art of the Trier region and its neighboring areas. Vol. 11. Wittich 1936, pp. 144-166.
  • Ernst Günther Grimme : Goldsmithing in the Middle Ages. Form and meaning of the reliquary from 800 to 1500. M. DuMont Schauberg, Cologne 1972, ISBN 978-3-7701-0669-1 , pp. 28-29.
  • Hiltrud Westermann-Angerhausen : Considerations for the Trier Egbert shrine. In: Trier magazine for the history and art of the Trier region and its neighboring areas. Vol. 40/41 (1977/78), pp. 201-220.
  • Hiltrud Westermann-Angerhausen: Illumination and book cover from the workshops of Archbishop Egbert von Trier and their relationship to the Egbert shrine. In: Art Chronicle . Vol. 34 (1981) pp. 40-41.
  • Hiltrud Westermann-Angerhausen: The nail reliquary in Trier's Egbert shrine - the “most artistically noble work of the Egbert workshop”? In: Festschrift for Peter Bloch on July 11, 1990. pp. 9–23.

Weblinks

Commons : Andreas-Tragaltar (Egbert-Schrein) - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files