Andreas Fromm - Andreas Fromm
Born as the son of the Lutheran pastor von Plänitz Andreas Fromm and his wife Magarethe, the daughter of the Perleberg superintendent Daniel Michaelis, he lost his mother at an early age. Supported by his family, he studied Protestant theology in Frankfurt / Oder and Wittenberg , where he obtained his master's degree. After a short activity at the school in Altdamm , he became cantor at the Marienkirche and professor of music at the Marienstiftsgymnasium in Stettin in 1648 . In 1651 he entered after he had previously obtained the academic degree of a licentiate at the University of Rostockacquired the office of provost to St. Petri and consistorial councilor in the Brandenburg capital of Kölln . Also in 1651 he married.
Here the Reformed Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg hoped in his attempt to end the polemics between the Reformed and the Lutheran theologians, on Fromm's Irish influence. This had previously approached the Reformed, in particular the court preacher Stosch . After the Berlin Religious Discussion in 1662/63 and the Verses of Tolerance , which the Lutheran clergy were forced to sign, he had doubts about the Elector's religious policy. He expressed this so massively in 1666 that the elector dismissed him from service. Fromm turned to Wittenberg in Electoral Saxony whose university was dominated by Abraham Calov and Orthodox Lutheranism . Here he worked as a lecturer. When he was appointed superintendent in Altenburg , however, was determined, he preferred taking office with his family to Prague on, converted to the Catholic faith, which he had already impressed on the road, and was on 19 May 1668 the Jesuit Church of Mathias Tanner in the Catholic Church included. He was ordained and became dean . His wife and children moved into an apartment in a monastery building. In 1671 he received a canonicalat the cathedral monastery in Leitmeritz . In 1681 he entered the Premonstratensian monastery in Strahov , where he died in 1683.
After converting to the Catholic faith, Fromm argued violently against the Protestant denominations . His extensive report drew numerous replies (including from Konrad Tiburtius Rango and Christian Kortholt the Elder ).
In the field of music, the Gospel music Actus musicus de Divite et Lazaro (" From the rich man and poor Lazarus ") , which was written in Stettin, is one of the first German oratorios of importance. In addition, he was particularly fascinated by folk-oriented musical depictions of everyday processes. One can name here the drinking song, the journey into hell, hymns with solo viol and choral fantasies. Fromm is also one of those people - along with Martin Friedrich Seidel and Nikolaus von Zitzewitz - who are believed to be the true authors of the " Lehnin prophecies ".
- Dialogus Pentecostatis, This is a spiritual Pentecost talk , Stettin 1649
- Synopsis of The metaphysics: Why, what exercises of the Metaphysics. In the seventh Paedag. Stetin. According to the traditional printed in the compendium is full, however, and had to strain for an adequate means of contract . Berlin, 1658.
- Return to the Catholic Churches: Of which he considers it necessary to put the historiam and motifs in print , Prague 1668
- Heinrich Heppe : Fromm, Andreas . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, p. 139.
- Christiane Engelbrecht: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 657 ( ). In:
- Fromm, Andreas. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 9, Leipzig 1735, column 2157 f.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : FROMM, Andreas. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 142-143.
- Karl-Heinz Köchling: The life of Andreas Fromm (1621–1683) with special consideration of his conversion to the Catholic Church . In: Wichmann Yearbook for Church History in the Diocese of Berlin 17/18, 1963/64, pp. 77–97
- Lothar Noack: The Cölln Provost Andreas Fromm (1621-1683) - a bio-bibliographical contribution to the Brandenburg church history . In: Yearbook for Berlin-Brandenburg Church History 61 (1997), pp. 99–124
- Lothar Noack, Jürgen Splett: Bio Bibliographies. Brandenburg scholars of the early modern period, Berlin-Cölln 1640–1688 . Berlin 1997 (Knut Kiesant (Hrsg.): Publications on Brandenburg's cultural history in the early modern period )
- Peter Tenhaef: Fromm, Andreas. In: Dirk Alvermann , Nils Jörn (Hrsg.): Biographisches Lexikon für Pommern . Volume 1 (= publications of the Historical Commission for Pomerania. Series V, Volume 48.1). Böhlau Verlag, Cologne Weimar Vienna 2013, ISBN 978-3-412-20936-0 , pp. 79-81.
- Works by and about Andreas Fromm in the German Digital Library
- Publications by and about Andreas Fromm in VD 17 .
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German pedagogue, composer, Protestant and Catholic clergyman|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1621|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Plänitz|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 16, 1683|
|Place of death||Strahov|