Andreas Hamm - Andreas Hamm

Andreas Hamm, Litho an 1860
Andreas Hamm 1874, in front of the imperial bell he cast for Cologne Cathedral
Grave of Andreas Hamm, Frankenthal main cemetery (Pfalz)

Andreas Hamm (born September 9, 1824 in Wittersheim , † June 22, 1894 in Frankenthal (Palatinate) ) was a German bell founder . He also developed, produced and sold printing machines, especially high-speed presses .

Live and act

He was born the son of the miller or mill doctor Andreas Hamm (1798-1859) and his wife Marie de la Paix. Like his brother Georg, Andreas Hamm learned the bell foundry from Peter Lindemann in Zweibrücken . Both brothers initially operated their craft in their home town of Wittersheim. [1] [2]

Hamm married “Maria Christmann” in Frankenthal. A daughter of Andreas Hamm from Frankenthal married her cousin Fritz Hamm, the son of Georg Hamm, in 1875. Fritz Hamm (* 1848 in Kaiserslautern) founded the bell foundry of the same name in Augsburg in 1875, which existed until 1922 under his son Fritz Hamm II (1878–1935). [3] [4] Andreas Hamm died on June 22, 1894 in Frankenthal.

The main focus of Andreas Hamm's work was the bell foundry and his entrepreneurial activities. As a developer, he was technically involved and applied for patents. [5] [6] [7] He showed social commitment, among other things, with the construction of apartments for his workers. [1] Hamm was a member of the city council and was active as a member of the church administration and co-founder of the church music association in the Catholic parish. He played an important role in Frankenthal's cultural and social life.

Bell foundry

After an apprenticeship and wandering period in France, which he left in 1848, his brother Georg called him to support Frankenthal, where he took over the long-established Schrader bell foundry in 1844 and, together with the wealthy shipowner Georg Adam Kühnle, also produced gray cast iron . Andreas Hamm settled in the city and initially took the place of his brother in the "Glockengießerei und Maschinenfabrik Hemmer, Hamm & Cie." When this company was dissolved, Hamm received the old foundry in the city in 1850 and ran it independently. He took over the company shares of his brother Georg, who had to flee because of active participation in the Palatinate uprising and later, after his pardon, inKaiserslautern settled down. In 1852 Andreas Hamm moved the company in front of the city walls and expanded the company with mechanical engineering. [8] Georg Adam Kühnle continued to run the old company alone, excluding bell production. This later became the Frankenthaler Maschinenfabrik Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch . As early as 1892 Hamm had handed over the business to his son Karl Hamm (1866–1931). He, and later his son Hermann Hamm (1896–1971), continued the company. The company existed until 1960 when the bell foundry in Frankenthal was closed. Over 1500 larger bells were made in the foundry ; the best known and at the same time the largest of these was the 1874Imperial bell for Cologne Cathedral . [9]

Printing machines

In 1856 Andreas Hamm met the technician Andreas Albert , who had been an apprentice at the Würzburg printing machine company Koenig & Bauer . Together they decided in 1861 to produce high-speed presses in addition to bells and cast parts, and the Albert & Hamm printing machine factory followed in 1863 . In 1873, both business partners separated and Hamm returned mainly to bell casting. Around 1890, Andreas Hamm and his son Karl started again with the production of presses and printing machines. After the death of the father, the son sold this part of the company in 1895 to Wilhelm Müller in Heidelberg , from which the global company emergedHeidelberger Druckmaschinen AG (Heideldruck) developed. [10] [11] [12]


  • Bernhard H. Bonkhoff: Worms and Frankenthal as a bell foundry town , special reprint as a brochure of the city museum, from Frankenthal then and now , issue 1 and 2, 1997.
  • Bernhard H. Bonkhoff: The bells of the Saarland, Saarbrücken 1997, pp. 63-67.
  • Anna Maus: The history of the city of Frankenthal and its suburbs , Pilger-Druckerei Speyer 1969, pp. 118 and 119.


Individual evidence

  1. a b Biography: Andreas Hamm ( Memento from December 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), at
  2. ^ Supplement to the "Pfälzer Zeitung" , Ludwigshafen, No. 182, of August 7, 1858; Report on the distribution of the estate after the mother's death in 1858, with names of all family members
  3. ^ Karl Walter: "Glockenkunde" , page 753, Pustet Verlag, Regensburg, 1913 excerpts from the source
  4. Newspaper article of the Augsburger Allgemeine , dated December 24, 2010, on the Fritz Hamm bell foundry
  5. No. 37426 patent application Andreas Hamm, class 15: “Innovation in folders for high-speed letterpress presses.” Fourth supplement. In: Deutscher Reichsanzeiger No. 32 , February 7, 1881, p. 15 , accessed on September 26, 2020 .
  6. ^ Patent publication for Hessen, February 14, 1876 (millstones, patent term 2 years). Third supplement. In: Deutscher Reichsanzeiger. 1876, Retrieved September 24, 2020 .
  7. Sample No. 71. Andreas Hamm, machine manufacturer in Frankenthal, “1 sample of a card feeder - apparatus for letterpress machines”. Sixth supplement, sample register, entry 8083, Frankenthal. In: Deutscher Reichsanzeiger No. 104. May 4, 1891, accessed on September 26, 2020 .
  8. Association of German Engineers: "History of Technology" , spending 2-4 . tape 69, 2002, ISBN 3-598-21321-2, S. 165 ( excerpt from the source ).
  9. G. Schneider: Glocken der Barockzeit II , section: Historical bells from the foundry of Andreas Hamm in Frankenthal ( Memento from April 11, 2018 in the Internet Archive ), at, literature: Bernhard B. Bonkhoff: Die Pfälzische Glockengußkunst , Zweibrücken, 1992, p. 16 ff.
  10. Martin Krauß: From bell casting to offset printing. History of Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG . regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, ISBN 978-3-89735-148-6 ( content and excerpt [PDF]).
  11. Journal for Printing History: Which foundation date should it be? Pp. 32–33 ( Memento from December 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), at
  12. Martin Welke, Boris Fuchs: "Newspaper printing: the development of technology from the 17th to the 20th century" in "Dortmund contributions to newspaper research" . tape 58 . Saur, 2000, ISBN 3-598-21321-2 , S. 49 ( excerpt from the source ).