Attaher Abdoulmoumine - Attaher Abdoulmoumine

Attaher Abdoulmoumine (* 1964 ; also Attaher Abdelmoumine ) is a Nigerien paramilitary leader and politician .

Life

Attaher Abdoulmoumine belongs to a high class of society in the Tuareg Confederation of Ullemmeden Kel Dinnik. [1] His father Mohamed Abdoulmoumine was the head of a Tuareg group. [2] He attended elementary and secondary schools in Abalak , Agadez and Tahoua , but then interrupted his academic career to join the Islamic Legion of Muammar al-Gaddafi in Libya . There he received military training from 1981 to 1984. He then fought in Mali , Burkina Faso and Nigeriafor the Islamic Legion. Abdoulmoumine was involved in the attack on the sub-prefecture of Tchintabaraden in Niger in May 1990, [3] in which 31 people were killed. [4] In the course of further events, which included an army counter-offensive, his father was killed. [2] Attaher Abdoulmoumine was arrested, but released after three months.

He settled in the capital Niamey . There he became chairman of a committee that successfully campaigned for 44 Tuareg arrested in the north of Tahoua department to be released as a result of the attack on Tchintabarades. Abdoulmoumine became involved in other civil society institutions and was finally appointed head of the administrative post of Takeita in November 1991 . For fear of being arrested again by the army, he fled to the north of the country shortly afterwards, where he joined the liberation front of the Aïr and Azawad under the leadership of Rhissa Ag Boula . [3] The paramilitary irredentist The Tuareg organization tried to force the establishment of a federal state in Niger with raids, murders and kidnappings . [5] Abdoulmoumine fell out with Mano Dayak , one of his comrades-in-arms, whom he denied legitimation to represent the liberation front vis-à-vis the government. At the end of June 1993 he split off with his own organization, the Revolutionary Army of the Liberation of North Niger . [2] On April 15, 1995, the government and the paramilitary in Ouagadougou signed a peace agreement that also included a general amnesty for the former fighters. [6]

Abdoulmoumine became vice-president of the committee responsible for implementing the peace agreement. [3] After the seizure of power by the new President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara he was on 1 February 1996 as Secretary of State appointed the Interior in the transitional government. He held this post until June 13, 1997. [7] He joined the parliamentary elections 23 November 1996 as an independent candidate in the constituency Abalak and became a deputy in the National Assemblyelected. In the same year he became the second vice-president of the National Assembly. Abdoulmoumine's political career ended with the fall of the government on April 9, 1999, in which Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara was killed. He then withdrew into private life. [3]

Individual evidence

  1. Chékou Koré Lawel : Tuareg rebellion in Niger: legal and political approach. (PDF) Doctoral thesis. René Descartes University - Paris V, 2012, S. 109 , abgerufen am 9. November 2015 (französisch).
  2. a b c Chékou Koré Lawel: Tuareg rebellion in Niger: legal and political approach. (PDF) Doctoral thesis. René Descartes University - Paris V, 2012, S. 44–45 , abgerufen am 9. November 2015 (französisch).
  3. a b c d Abdourahmane Idrissa, Samuel Decalo: Historical Dictionary of Niger. 4. Auflage. Scarecrow, Plymouth 2012, ISBN 978-0-8108-6094-0, S. 25–26.
  4. Boukary Adji: In the twists and turns of a political transition . Karthala, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-86537-857-8 , S. 157.
  5. Emmanuel Grégoire: Tuaregs from Niger. The fate of a myth . 2. Auflage. Karthala, Paris 2010, ISBN 978-2-8111-0352-1 , S. 51–52.
  6. Agreement establishing a final peace between the Government of the Republic of Niger and the Organization of Armed Resistance (ORA). (PDF) Done in Ouagadougou, April 15, 1995. Abgerufen am 9. November 2015 (französisch).
  7. Government of President Ibrahim Maïnassara Barré. President de la Republique du Niger, before archive from the original on 27 September 2007 ; Retrieved November 9, 2015 (French).