The assassination attempt in Petit-Clamart was an attack on the life of the then French President Charles de Gaulle . It took place on the evening of August 22, 1962 in Petit-Clamart , a district of Clamart , south of Paris . De Gaulle was unharmed; the head of the command, Lieutenant Colonel Jean Bastien-Thiry , was caught, sentenced to death and executed . Bastien-Thiry, like many French military officials, categorically rejected Algeria's independence and disapproved of de Gaulle's recognition of sovereignty of the Algerian state on March 13, 1962.
The historical background is the separation of Algeria from the French state. The country was a settlement colony in 1848 , later a department . After the Second World War , a period of decolonization began worldwide . Due to the high number of French settlers, there was considerable resistance to detachment from the mother country. In the Algerian War (1954–1962) France got into a political and financial crisis, especially since it had just ended the Indochina War (1946–1954). Charles de Gaulle returned to office from retirement in 1958 after twelve years. Contrary to what many had hoped, he negotiated with the leaders of theNational Liberation Front (FLN). In the winter of 1960/61 the Organization de l'armée secrète (OAS) was founded to keep Algeria with France and torpedo the negotiations with terrorist attacks. An attempted coup by the OAS in Algiers in April 1961 failed; With the assassination attempt in Pont-sur-Seine in September 1961, de Gaulle barely escaped an OAS bomb attack.  After the contracts of Évian of March 18, 1962, about 960,000  so-called pieds-noirs (French for black feet ) left Algeria and tried to build a new existence in France.
The course of events
The attack was carried out by around a dozen men  with mostly military backgrounds. Its code name was Opération Charlotte Corday . This refers to the murder of Jean-Paul Marat by Charlotte Corday in 1793.
Those involved waited in an ambush for de Gaulle. This left against 19:30 the Elysee Palace in a column consisting of two motorcycles and two non-armored sedans type Citroën DS . He was driving the second vehicle with his wife Yvonne , his son-in-law Colonel Alain de Boissieu and the police officer Francis Marroux. The column was on its way to the Villacoublay military airfield in Vélizy-Villacoublay, about 20 kilometers southwest . A helicopter was waiting there to bring the President to his country house in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises .
At around 8:08 p.m., the presidential convoy on Route nationale 306 was ambushed by the assassins equipped with automatic weapons and explosives. In a yellow Renault Estafette van , five men were waiting for their leader to give an order to fire, who signaled them with a newspaper. A total of 187 shots were fired; 14 bullets were later counted in the vehicle. Despite the burst front tires, Marroux retained control of the hydropneumatically suspended vehicle and reached the airfield. Once there, de Gaulle commented on the incident with the words: “Cette fois, c'était tangent” (this time it was close).
- Georges Fleury: Kill de Gaulle! History of the Petit-Clamart attack. Grasset edition, Paris 1996, ISBN 2-246-47481-7 .
- Jean-Noël Jeanneney: An attack. Petit-Clamart, August 22, 1962 . Éditions du Seuil, Paris 2016, ISBN 978-2-02-130153-3 .
- Lajos Marton: De Gaulle must be killed. éditions du Rocher, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-268-04366-5 .
- Frederick Forsyth : The Jackal . Thriller. (Original title: The Day of the Jackal. 1971) German by Tom Knoth, Piper, Munich and Zurich 2004 (first edition: 1972), ISBN 3-492-24109-3 .
- Fred Zinnemann: Der Schakal (im Original: The Day of the Jackal (1973)).
- Jean-Teddy Filippe, They Wanted to Kill de Gaulle , 2005. (nur in französischer Sprache)