An external firing position is a firing position outside of a military training area, from which artillery guns are fired into the target area within the actual training area. It is usually marked as a military area and set up according to the purpose. The range of modern guns and artillery rockets, including their safety areas in the target area, is so great that hardly any military training area offers enough space to accommodate the launch and impact location.
Shooting from outside fire positions into the target area of a military training area is normally announced publicly (in the official gazette, through notices, etc.) so that farmers, hunters and other people who might otherwise be in the area of the position and the security area avoid it accordingly. The overshooting of housing estates is prohibited in Germany, streets that are overshot are closed to civilian traffic.