|Title:||Law on the Federal Requirements Plan|
|Short title:||Federal Requirements Plan Act|
|Scope:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Legal matter:||Energy law|
|Issued on:||23. Juli 2013 |
(BGBl. I S. 2543)
|Effective on:||July 27, 2013|
|Last change by:|| Art. 3 G of May 13, 2019 |
( Federal Law Gazette I pp. 706, 722 )
Effective date of the |
17. May 2019 |
(Art. 25 G vom 13. May 2019)
|Please note the information on the applicable legal version.|
The Federal Requirements Plan Act , or Federal Requirements Plan Act for short , is a German federal law that has been regulating the accelerated expansion of several extra- high voltage lines in the transmission network since 2013 . There are the basic technical design types - three-phase current or direct current , overhead lines or underground cables - of the lines to be built, a few other peculiarities and general conditions. The actual federal requirement plan , a list of specific line construction projects , is an annex part of this law.
Comparable with the BBPlG function has already been adopted in 2009 Power Grid Expansion Act (EnLAG) were also determined by the specific line construction project (unlike the BBPlG but only 380 kV AC lines).
Background and goals
The Federal Requirements Plan Act was passed on April 25, 2013 by the Bundestag and on June 7, 2013 by the Bundesrat . In the Bundestag, the resolution was passed with the votes of fractions CDU / CSU, FDP and SPD voting against the Group of the Left, and the abstention of the Alliance 90 / The Greens and one abstention from the CDU.  
The amendment to the Energy Industry Act (EnWG) from 2011, which in turn was based on the EU's Third Energy Package, was essential for the development of the law . Another basis is the Grid Expansion Acceleration Act transmission network (NABEG) Regulations, 2011, which contains important procedural requirements. In connection with this, there is a newly introduced procedure for network development planning with structured procedural steps (→ grid expansion ) and regular preparation and updates of a network development plan (NEP). The first network development plan was drawn up in 2012 by the Federal Network Agency(BNetzA) and submitted to the federal government as a draft for a federal requirement plan. With the BBPlG this draft was converted into a law.  This defined those extra-high voltage lines that the four German transmission system operators (TSOs) should or are to develop as a matter of urgency from 2013 onwards.
In the justification for the federal requirements plan, the necessity to convert and expand the grid due to the energy transition and the second phase-out of nuclear power after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima in 2011 was particularly focused .  According to the law, the BBPlG line construction projects serve not only to integrate electricity from renewable energy sources but also to interoperate the electricity networks within the European Union ( European network system ) and to connect new power plantsor the avoidance of structural bottlenecks in the transmission network. In addition, § 1 determines the necessity for the energy industry and the urgent need of all BBPlG projects as a federal requirement plan in accordance with EnWG. The implementation of the project is also necessary for reasons of overriding public interest and in the interest of public safety . This legal anchoring of the plan justification (determination of the need) is binding for the transmission system operator as well as for planning procedures and permits. In order to achieve the goal of accelerating the procedure, BBPlG also lays down a short legal processfirmly; in the case of complaints, the Federal Administrative Court ( 4th appeal panel ) decides in the first and last instance .
Line construction projects of the federal requirement plan
The Federal Requirements Plan Act in its 2019 version includes 43 projects for high-voltage lines with a total length of around 5900 kilometers, which are listed as a federal requirements plan in the annex to the law. The four project nos. 16, 22, 23 and 36 contained in the first version have now been deleted following the network development plan reviews; the consecutive project numbering remained unaffected.
The selection of the BBPlG projects is basically based on the network development plans previously approved by the Federal Network Agency. Corresponding updates are therefore regularly reflected in adjustments to the federal requirements plan.
Several projects with special identifications are listed in the federal requirement plan list. This includes projects that transcend federal states and cross borders, for which - in accordance with NABEG and the Plan planning and the plan approval procedure . There are also marked pilot projects for low-loss transmission of high power over long distances, possibly offshore connection lines (no corresponding project marked in 2019), pilot projects for high-temperature conductor cables (one project), underground cables for lines for high-voltage direct current transmission , pilot projects for underground cables forHigh-voltage three-phase transmission , projects without federal technical planning (one project) as well as the possibility of installing additional conduits (one project).( of 2013) - the Federal Network Agency is responsible for federal
|No. 1||Project 1||Voltage type||Projectname||Length  (approx. Km)||UNB ||(Planned) commissioning ||Realized sections |
|1||Extra high voltage line Emden Ost – Osterath||Direct current||A-North||300||Amprion||2025|
|2||High voltage line Osterath – Philippsburg||Direct current||Ultranet||340||Amprion/TransnetBW||2024|
|3||High voltage line Brunsbüttel – Großgartach||Direct current||SuedLink||672||TenneT/TransnetBW||2026|
|4||Extra high voltage line Wilster – Bergrheinfeld / West||Direct current||SuedLink||522||TenneT/TransnetBW||2026|
|5||High voltage line Wolmirstedt – Isar||Direct current||SuedOstLink||526||50Hertz / TenneT||2025|
|6||Extra high voltage line Conneforde – Cloppenburg – Merzen district||Three-phase current, 380 kV||128||TenneT/Amprion||2026|
|7||Extra high voltage line Stade – Sottrum – Grafschaft Hoya – Landesbergen||Three-phase current, 380 kV||157||TenneT||2026||Stade-Dollern (under construction since 2018)|
|8||Extra high voltage line Brunsbüttel – Barlt – Heide – Husum – Klixbüll – Federal border (DK)||Three-phase current, 380 kV||West Coast Line||137||TenneT||2023||
Brunsbüttel – Süderdonn (commissioning 2016); |
Süderdonn – Heide (under construction since 2018);
Heide-Husum (under construction since 2018)
|9||Extra high voltage line Hamm-Uentrop – Kruckel||Three-phase current, 380 kV||60||Amprion||2017||completely|
|10||Extra high voltage line Wolmirstedt – Helmstedt – Wahle||Three-phase current, 380 kV||111||50Hertz / TenneT||2027|
|11||Extra high voltage line Bertikow – Pasewalk||Three-phase current, 380 kV||32||50Hertz||2023|
|12||Extra high voltage line Vieselbach – pumped storage plant dam Schmalwasser (point Sonneborn) –Mecklar||Three-phase current, 380 kV||130||50Hertz / TenneT||2027|
|13||Extra high voltage line Pulgar – Vieselbach||Three-phase current, 380 kV||105||50Hertz||2023|
|14||Extra high voltage line Röhrsdorf – Weida – Remptendorf||Three-phase current, 380 kV||108||50Hertz||2023|
|15||Extra high voltage line point Metternich – Niederstedem||Three-phase current, 380 kV||105||Amprion||2024||Metternich – Pillig (preliminary 220 kV operation since 2018)|
|16 2||repealed 2 ( high voltage line Kriftel – Obererlenbach )||Three-phase current, 380 kV||11||Amprion/TenneT||– 2||– 2|
|17||High voltage line from Mecklar to Grafenrheinfeld||Three-phase current, 380 kV||130||TenneT||2031|
|18||Extra high voltage line Redwitz – Mechlenreuth – Etzenricht – Schwandorf||Three-phase current, 380 kV||Ostbayernring||182||TenneT||2025|
|19||Extra high voltage line Urberach – Pfungstadt – Weinheim – G380 – Altlußheim – Daxlanden||Three-phase current, 380 kV||142||Amprion/TransnetBW||2028|
|20||Extra high voltage line Grafenrheinfeld – Kupferzell – Großgartach||Three-phase current, 380 kV||158||TenneT/TransnetBW||2025|
|21||Extra high voltage line Daxlanden – Kuppenheim – Bühl – Eichstetten||Three-phase current, 380 kV||119||TransnetBW||2028|
|22 2||canceled 2 ( Großgartach – Endersbach extra high voltage line)||Three-phase current, 380 kV||32||TransnetBW||– 2||– 2|
|23 2||repealed 2 ( high voltage line Herbertingen – Tiengen)||Three-phase current, 380 kV||115||TransnetBW/Amprion||– 2||– 2|
|24||Extra high voltage line point Rommelsbach – Herbertingen||Three-phase current, 380 kV||61||Amprion||2021||under construction since 2018|
|25||High voltage line point Wullenstetten – point Niederwangen||Three-phase current, 380 kV||88||Amprion||2023|
|26||Bärwalde – Schmölln high voltage line||Three-phase current, 380 kV||46||50Hertz||2014||completely|
|27||Extra high voltage line at the Welsleben – Förderstedt branch||Three-phase current, 380 kV||12||50Hertz||2015||completely|
|28||Extra high voltage line junction Parchim Süd – Neuburg||Three-phase current, 380 kV||1||50Hertz||2014||completely|
|29||Extra high voltage line connection offshore wind farm Kriegers Flak (DK) with connection between offshore wind farm Kriegers Flak (DK) and offshore wind farm Baltic 2||Direct current, three-phase current||Combined Grid Solution||8||50Hertz||2019||under construction since 2017,  in operation since October 2020 |
|30||Extra high voltage line Oberzier – Federal Border (BE)||Direct current||Glad||40||Amprion||2020||in operation since November 2020|
|31||Extra high voltage line Wilhelmshaven – Conneforde||Three-phase current, 380 kV||30||TenneT||2020||under construction since 2018|
|32||Extra high voltage line Federal border (AT) –Altheim with branch Matzenhof – Simbach and branch Simhar – Pirach, Federal border (AT) –Pleinting||Three-phase current, 380 kV||380 kV German line||156||TenneT||2028|
|33||Extra high voltage line Schleswig-Holstein – Southern Norway (NO)||Direct current||NordLink||208||TenneT||2021||under construction since 2017|
|34||Extra high voltage line Emden Ost – Conneforde||Three-phase current, 380 kV||61||TenneT||2023|
|35||Extra high voltage line Birkenfeld – Mast 115A||Three-phase current, 380 kV||13||TransnetBW||2021|
|36 2||repealed 2 ( high voltage line Vöhringen – federal border (AT) with branch Woringen – Memmingen )||Three-phase current, 380 kV||114||Amprion||– 2||– 2|
|37||Extra high voltage line Emden Ost – Halbemond||Three-phase current, 380 kV||30||TenneT||(?)|
|38||Extra high voltage line Dollern – Elsfleth West||Three-phase current, 380 kV||100||TenneT||(?)|
|39||Extra high voltage line Güstrow – Parchim Süd – Perleberg – Stendal West – Wolmirstedt||Three-phase current, 380 kV||189||50Hertz||2023||Stendal West – Wolmirstedt (under construction since 2019)|
|40||Extra high voltage line point Neuravensburg - federal border (AT)||Three-phase current, 380 kV||7||TransnetBW/Amprion||2025|
|41||Extra high voltage line Raitersaich – Ludersheim – Sittling – Altheim||Three-phase current, 380 kV||Legal management||159||TenneT||2028|
|42||Extra high voltage line in the Segeberg – Lübeck – Siems – Göhl district||Three-phase current, 380 kV||East coast line||132||TenneT||2027|
|43||Extra high voltage line Borken – Mecklar||Three-phase current, 380 kV||41||TenneT||2023|
|44||Extra high voltage line Lauchstädt – Wolkramshausen – Vieselbach||Three-phase current, 380 kV||Thuringian river bridge||155||50Hertz||2028|
|45||Extra high voltage line Borken – Twist valley||Three-phase current, 380 kV||43||TenneT||2023|
|46||Extra high voltage line Redwitz – state border Bavaria / Thuringia (point Tschirn)||Three-phase current, 380 kV||38||TenneT||2021|
|47||Extra high voltage line Oberbachern – Ottenhofen||Three-phase current, 380 kV||47||TenneT||2029|
Reports and Monitoring
The transmission system operators are required to report to the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) in accordance with the Act , and possibly also to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).
As a regulatory authority , the Federal Network Agency regularly reviews the planning and construction progress in accordance with EnWG and prepares a quarterly monitoring report on the current status of the BBPlG projects.
- Armin Steinbach , Peter Franke (Ed.): Commentary on network expansion. NABEG / EnLAG / EnWG / BBPlG / PlfZV. de Gruyter, Berlin 2017. ISBN 978-3-11-052486-4
- Text of the BBPlG
- Detailed description and monitoring reports from the Federal Network Agency
- Map: Status of the projects from the BBPlG (pdf)
- Bundestag resolves to accelerate the expansion of the electricity grid. German Bundestag, April 25, 2013, accessed on November 10, 2017 .
- Minutes of the plenary session 17/237. (PDF) Stenographic report 237th meeting. German Bundestag - 17th electoral term, April 25, 2013, p. 29736 , accessed on November 10, 2017 .
- Printed matter 17/12638. (PDF) Draft law of the federal government: Draft of a second law on measures to accelerate the network expansion of electricity networks. German Bundestag - 17th electoral term, March 6, 2013, p. 1 , accessed on November 10, 2017 .
- Monitoring of the power grid expansion - EnLAG / BBPlG / network optimization Monitoring / offshore connections - Second Quarter 2019 (PDF) BNetzA , October 23, 2019 called on 6 December 2019 .
- faz.net October 20, 2020: New submarine cable connects wind farms in the Baltic Sea