Company of St. Ursula of Anne of Xainctonge - Compañía de Santa Úrsula de Anne de Xainctonge
|Company of St. Ursula of Anne of Xainctonge|
Santa Úrsula , head of the congregation
|Latin name||Association of Santa Ursula (Ann of Xainctonge)|
|Common name||Religious of the Company of Santa Úrsula|
|Type||Catholic Religious Congregation for Women, Apostolic Life and Pontifical Right|
|Founder||Anne of Xainctonge|
|Foundation place||Dole , France|
|Approval||1881 by Leo XIII|
|Curia||Dole , France|
|Presence||Germany , Belgium and France|
|Data Pontifical Yearbook 2017|
The Company of Saint Ursula of Anne de Xainctonge (in Latin : Societas Santae Ursulae ), also known as the Company of Saint Ursula of Dole , is a female Catholic religious congregation , of apostolic life and pontifical right , founded in 1585 by the French nun Anne de Xainctonge in Dole . The nuns of this institute are known as Sisters of the Company of Saint Ursula or simply as Ursulines of Dole . [ 1 ]
The congregation has its origin in the women's society founded by Anne de Xainctonge in 1585, inspired by the spirituality of the Society of Jesus . The first community of nuns without closure was founded in Dole , in the department of Jura ( France ), with the approval of Pope Clement VIII on November 29, 1603, which allowed the foundation of secular ursulines. Their constitutions were based on those of the Ursulinas de San Carlos . [ 2 ]
The institute received diocesan approval from the Bishop of Lausanne , Jean Doroz , on January 24, 1606, and with the confirmation of the Archbishop of Besançon , Ferdinand de Rye, they were able to begin expansion throughout the ecclesiastical province. The congregation was suppressed in 1792 by the French government. Eight nuns survived in the Dole community, who were recognized by the institute's heritage and the pontifical recognition of Pope Leo XIII in 1881 . [ 2 ]
Other houses founded by the Company of Saint Ursula de Anne de Xainctonge gave rise to independent religious institutes, which can often lead to confusion, believing that they speak of the same institute. Today these institutes, without losing their autonomy, form the Federation of Saint Ursula de Anne de Xainctonge. [ 2 ]
Among the important figures of the congregation stands out the figure of Anne de Xainctonge (1567-1621), who in addition to being the founder of the institute, founded seven other schools between France and Switzerland and died with a reputation for holiness. His beatification process is advanced and was declared venerable by Pope John Paul II on 14 May 1991. [ 3 ]
The Company of Saint Ursula of Anne de Xainctonge is a religious institute of pontifical and centralized law, whose government is exercised by a superior general. The headquarters are in Dole ( France ). [ 1 ]
The Ursulines of Dole are dedicated to the Christian education and formation of young women and their spirituality is Ignatian. In 2017, the institute had 25 religious and 5 communities, [ 1 ] present in Germany , Belgium and France . [ 4 ]
- AP (2017). Pontifical Yearbook 2017 . Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana.
- Madey, Johannes (2000). «Xainctonge, Anne de». Biographical-Bibliographical Church Lexicon (en alemán) 17 (Bautz: Herzberg). ISBN 3-88309-080-8 .
- Rocca, G. (1980). «Ursulines of Dole». Dictionary of the Institutes of Perfection (en Italian) VI (Rome: Pauline Edition).