A composer of songs is a person who is dedicated to compose songs . In the event that a person writes only the lyrics of a song, it is specifically called a " lyricist " or simply "author"; when he is also in charge of the harmony, melody and rhythm of the composition , he is called, more broadly, a songwriter. When the singer-songwriter also interprets his own songs, he is called a singer-songwriter , which is nothing more than the result of the fusion between the words singer and author of the composition.
The activities of composers and songwriters-singers (singer-songwriters) are varied, the singer-songwriter represents a form of music and exhibition in the tradition of examples such as Bob Dylan or Joni Mitchell . Many singer-songwriters also compose songs for other performers.
Songwriting has a number of methods, the terminology of which is based on the musical genre and language used. Composers divide the song into sections: verse , bridge, and chorus . Additionally there are also optional sections such as part C or the middle part, which describe a harmonic or rhythmic part of the song. Finally there is also the break part , with a short rhythmic phrase and an introduction or end of a song. There is no unambiguous and universal terminology. The name used for the sections of a song depends on the different traditions and musical style.
The songwriter has, in contrast to the classical composer, a much smaller band, since, for example, in the case of pop music, there are usually no more than 6 musicians. The band often uses harmony instruments such as electric guitar , keyboard or electric bass , rhythmic instruments such as drums, and other percussion instruments . The so-called hook can also consist of an instrumental passage, as occurs for example with the introduction to " Smoke on the Water " or, in the case of modern musical genres, sounds or sound effects. At present and according to what genre, the use of synthesizers is frequent, mostly digital.
The composition from a copyright point of view consists of the melodic voice. In English, the sung title (which may or may not coincide with the title of the song) is called the hookline . The hookline or hook usually contains the main message of the song and its distinctive melody. It is usually a chorus or keywords of the same " Love Me Tender ", " Wind of Change " or, sometimes the couplet : " In the Ghetto ". The so-called hook can also consist of an instrumental passage, as occurs for example with the introduction to " Smoke on the Water»Or, in the case of modern musical genres, sounds or sound effects. The key to the hook is its ability to be recognized. However, if the genre of the song is flamenco , vallenato or tango , among others, this terminology is not used.
Until the late 1970s some songs were based on notes, while in the modern era some composers tend to produce their idea mostly with the computer, in order to show a demo to the player. It is possible to find scores in song books, to interpret them with guitar, piano, etc.
- Masen Abou-Dakn: Writing lyrics. Craft and dramaturgy in songwriting. Authors' House, Berlín, 2006, ISBN 3-86671-000-3
- Volkmar Kramarz: The pop formulas. Voggenreiter, Bonn, 2006, ISBN 3-8024-0552-8
- Markus Fritsch, Andreas Lonardoni, Peter Kellert: harmony theory and songwriting. Leu, Bergisch-Gladbach, 1995, ISBN 3-928825-23-2
- Jason Blume: 6 Steps to Songwriting Success: The Comprehensive Guide to Writing and Marketing Hit Songs. Billboard Books, New York, 1999, ISBN 0-8230-8422-1
- Jack Perricone: Melody in Songwriting: Tools and Techniques for Writing Hit Songs. Berklee Press, Boston/MA, 2000, ISBN 0-634-00638-X
- Claudia Nentwich: song catcher. Paths to becoming a songwriter. Books on Demand, Norderstedt, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8334-6508-6