Double village - Doppeldorf
A double village (also: double village, English: double village; French: village double) is a village type of settlement and is formed from two communal communities. Double villages can be found worldwide.
Double villages are communal units:
- which were originally separated and grown together and possibly also developed a common administration. Examples are Trudering in Bavaria , Aach and Linz in Baden-Württemberg or Hiers and Brouage in the Charente-Maritime department ( Nouvelle-Aquitaine , France ), Burgh and Haamstede ( province of Zeeland , Netherlands ) and Trinksaifen and blast furnace  or else
- who have close common connections and consider or have considered each other as a factual unit, although they are / were spatially separated (e.g. Böckwitz / Zicherie )  or Obertelfes and Untertelfes ( South Tyrol ), or
- that were a village unit and were separated (examples: St. Margrethen  in St. Gallen ( Switzerland ) and Höchst  in Vorarlberg ( Austria ), Gmünd in Austria and České Velenice in the Czech Republic , Oberhausen / Welchenhausen or Stoubach / Stupbach - these two in Belgium and Germany ).
A distinction can therefore be made between legal units and factual units. Legal units are often formed or divided by amalgamating or separating towns, provinces, etc. This can be done voluntarily, i.e. with the consent of the population, or involuntarily.
A special case is z. E.g. the double village of Saint-Santin d'Aveyron ( Aveyron department ) and Saint-Santin-de-Maurs ( Cantal department ), which has been separated since 1790 , which historically belongs together and also has some common facilities (school, shopping market, formerly the cemetery, etc.) .), but now insist on the independence of each part and market this for tourism .  The writer Jean Anglade (* 1915) was inspired by this double village for the novel Un souper de neige (A dinner in the snow) . 
France / Spain
La Jonquera in Spain forms a double village with the French Le Perthus . On the Spanish side there is the tax-privileged area Els Límits . This is very popular with French buyers. On October 21, 2010 the largest brothel in Europe with 80 rooms was opened on the Spanish side with sex workers, especially from Romania ; this against the will of the municipal council and the mayor. The building permit was obtained in court. Brothels are banned in France. 
Other double villages are proud of the development to double villages and the similarities, such as: B. Petershagen / Eggersdorf  or Bröthen / Michalken  and point out this special circumstance. 
- Ulrich Möckel , Trinksaifen and Hochofen, a double village in the Bohemian Ore Mountains , collection of historical traditions and episodes from the life of the former German residents of these two places on the southern slopes of the Ore Mountains, self-published, Schönheide 2007.
- Jürgen Ritter, Peter Joachim Lapp: The Border, a German Building , 7th Edition, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86153-560-7 , p. 128.
- Formerly: called St. Margrethen-Höchst.
- Formerly: called St. Johann-Höchst.
- Gérard Foussier, Ein Doppeldorf, Kommunale Teilung as a tourist attraction in Documents / Documents, Journal for the Franco-German Dialogue, 4/2015, p. 7 ff.
- Gérard Foussier, Ein Doppeldorf, Kommunale Teilung as a tourist attraction in Documents / Documents, Journal for the Franco-German Dialogue, 4/2015, p. 9.
- Europe's largest brothel opened in Spain orf.at, October 22, 2010, accessed June 7, 2018.
- Petershagen / Eggersdorf , for example, deliberately chose the website domain: doppeldorf.de .
- The Doppeldorf celebrates its festival in ten days, "The Doppeldorf Bröthen / Michalken celebrates the 39th German-Sorbian Village Festival in ten days ...", Lausitzer Rundschau from August 12, 2014.
- Lots of newcomers for the Doppeldorf zu Gusow-Platkow in the Märkische Onlinezeitung from February 16, 2015 or a tour with stories from the Doppeldorf zu Ellwürden and Abbehausen , NWZ-Online from December 28, 2015.