Erhard Lucas - Erhard Lucas

Erhard Lucas-Busemann (born March 1937 in Arnswalde , Neumark , † March 15, 1993 in Oldenburg) was a German historian. He was particularly concerned with the labor movement in the period between the First World War and the beginning of National Socialist rule .


Lucas studied Protestant theology and philosophy from 1955 to 1961 at the Bethel Church University , in Tübingen , Berlin , Heidelberg and Münster . From 1961 to 1968 he studied economics and modern history in Freiburg im Breisgau . During this time he was a member of the Freiburg Socialist German Student Union (SDS). Lucas received his doctorate in 1972 and completed his habilitation in Marburg in 1976 . In 1973/74 he had a teaching position inConstancy within. He then became a professor of modern social history at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg .


Lucas published historical studies of the revolution of 1918/19 in Frankfurt am Main and the radicalism of the workers in the Weimar Republic in general. His main work deals with the March Revolution in the Ruhr area in 1920. He assumed a “left-wing interest in knowledge ”. However, he has scientifically confirmed his partisan stance. For this purpose, he has evaluated the sources in the city and state archives of the Ruhr area and the Rhineland. Lucas paid particular attention to the social tensions in the region and the military regime of General Oskar von Watter . [1]In his work "Two forms of radicalism in the German workers' movement" from 1976 he embarked on a methodological path that was new at the time. He has examined the development of the radical labor movement in Hamborn and Remscheid comparatively. The similarities, but also the differences between the syndicalist development in Hamborn and the more communist tendency in Remscheid, also on the basis of the respective social structures, became clear. [2] In his essay rather landscaped book The Failure of the German labor movementFrom 1983 he tried, starting from a biographical approach, to investigate why the German labor movement went under in 1933 largely without a fight and why the defeats of the labor movement were hardly reflected by its surviving actors. He described the practical narrowing of the labor movement to a male-oriented, out-of-home organization based on an ideal orientation towards vulgar materialistic evolutionary thinking. The smashing of the organizations in 1933 and the experience of the defeat in the Ruhr area as early as 1920 could not be countered by a movement of this kind - in contrast to popular religion, for example - with an appropriate perspective. He assumed that the labor movement had lost before the organized resistance was finally crushed.[3]

His estate is at the City and Vestische Archiv in Recklinghausen .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Reinhard Lüke: Contributions to the Kapp Putsch and Ruhrkampf as well as to the problem of the military associations . In: AfS 12 (1972) p. 548f.
  2. Friedhelm Boll: On the social history of the world war and the revolution. New local studies on the history of the German labor movement 1914–1920 . In: AfS 19 (1979) p. 575ff.
  3. JK Detlev Peukert : The “Third Reich” from the “everyday” perspective [collective review]. In: AfS 26 (1986) p. 542f.


  • Frankfurt under the rule of the Workers 'and Soldiers' Council 1918/19 . New Critique Publishing House , Frankfurt a. M., 1969.
  • The social democracy in Bremen during the First World War . C. Schünemann, Bremen, Bremen Publications on Contemporary History , Issue No. 3, 1969.
  • March Revolution in the Ruhr Area: From the General Strike Against the Military Coup to the Armed Workers' Uprising, March to April 1920. Volume 1. March Verlag, Frankfurt a. M., 1970.
  • Causes and course of the miners' movement in Hamborn and in the western Ruhr area 1918/19. On the syndicalism of the November Revolution. In: Duisburger Forschungen , Volume 15, Duisburg, 1971, pp. 1–119.
  • March Revolution 1920, Volume I, From the general strike against the military coup to the armed workers' uprising . Verlag Roter Stern, Frankfurt, 1974. 2., supplemented, new edition of the March Revolution in the Ruhr Area. Various new editions, Stoemfeld, Frankfurt a. M., 1985. ISBN 978-3-87877-075-6 .
  • March Revolution 1920. Volume II. The armed workers' uprising in the Ruhr area in its internal structure and in its relationship to the class struggles in the various regions of the Reich. Stroemfeld, Frankfurt a. M., 1973. New edition 1985, ISBN 978-3-87877-064-0 .
  • March Revolution 1920. Volume III. Negotiation attempts and their failure, counter-strategies of government and military, the defeat, the white terror. Roter Stern, Frankfurt am Main, 1976. New edition Stroemfeld, Frankfurt a. M., 1985. ISBN 978-3-87877-085-5 .
  • Two forms of radicalism in the German labor movement. Verlag Roter Stern, Frankfurt a. M., 1976.
  • On the failure of the German labor movement. Stroemfeld / Roter Stern, Basel, Frankfurt a. M., 1983.
  • with Ludger Fitkau, Angelika Schlueter: Ruhrkampf 1920: The forgotten revolution: A political travel guide. Klartext, Essen, 1990, ISBN 978-3-88474-347-8 .
  • “Little Warsaw” - The Poles in Bottrop in the Ruhr area and the victory of the Polish candidates in the local elections of 1913. In: Vestische Zeitschrift, Vol. 88–89 (1989–1990), pp. 241–256.
  • Blocked democratization. The period of revolution 1918/19 in Dorsten, Hervest and Holsterhausen. In: Vestische Zeitschrift, Vol. 90-91 (1991-1992), pp. 177-230.