Fusilier regiment "von Gersdorff" (Kurhessisches) No. 80 - Füsilier-Regiment „von Gersdorff“ (Kurhessisches) Nr. 80

Fusilier regiment "von Gersdorff" (Kurhessisches) No. 80

active 1821/1866 to 1919
State Electorate of Hesse , Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Electoral Hessian Army , Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Former locations Wiesbaden , Bad Homburg in front of the height

The Fusilier Regiment "von Gersdorff" (Kurhessisches) No. 80 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

history

Electoral Hessian Army

The association was founded in 1821, after the accession of Elector Wilhelm II , with the name Leib-Garde-Regiment from the two regiments Leib-Grenadier-Garde and Garde- established on November 22, 1813 as part of the Electoral Hessian Army of the restituted Electorate of Hesse . Grenadiers formed.

The regiment's 2nd Battalion was deployed in the 1849 war against Denmark .

Prussian Army

Barracks in Bad Homburg - today the tax office
Seal mark Royal Prussian Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Kurhessisches) No. 80 - 2nd Battalion

After the annexation of Kurhessen by Prussia in 1866, the Life Guard Regiment was transferred to the Prussian Army and re-formed by AKO on October 30, 1866. It was formed from the tribe of the previous regiment and from companies of infantry regiments No. 31 , 32 , 71 and 72 . On November 5, 1867 it was named Hessisches Fusilier Regiment No. 80. Another renaming was made on January 27, 1889. In memory of the 1870 during the war against France in the Battle of Sedan fallenLieutenant General Hermann von Gersdorff the regiment was named after him and was called Fusilier Regiment "von Gersdorff" (Hessian) No. 80.

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of its existence as a Prussian regiment , the Wiesbaden regiment was given the royal theater for the ceremony on October 29, 1891. The prologue and explanatory descriptions of the Living Images were written by Harry von Wright , the regiment's adjutant at the time. He also performed the prologue, while the explanations of the pictures were spoken by the court actor Köchy. [1]

By AKO on January 27, 1902, the rural team was changed and the association was called Fusilier Regiment "von Gersdorff" (Kurhessisches) No. 80 until the dissolution.

Memorial for the use in the Franco-German War 1870/71 in front of the Gersdorff barracks in Wiesbaden's Europaviertel on Schiersteiner Strasse

Franco-German War

In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 the regiment took part in the battles near Weißenburg (August 4th), Wörth (August 6th), Sedan (September 1st), and from September 22nd, 1870 to January 28th, 1871 in the enclosure and siege of Paris . The memorial for those who died in the war was unveiled on December 16, 1874 on the Wiesbaden parade ground of the regiment. On December 31st, the memorial plaques erected in accordance with the AKO of September 2nd, 1873 for those who died in the 1870/71 campaign of regiments 80, 87 and field artillery regiment No. 27 were inaugurated in the Marktkirche . [2]

Boxing distance

On the occasion of the Boxer Rebellion , one officer, three NCOs and 53 fusiliers of the regiment volunteered for service in China.

German South West Africa

On the occasion of the suppression of the Herero and Nama uprising , members of the regiment volunteered again for service. In 1904/06 three officers, two doctors, eight NCOs and 17 fusiliers were sent to German South West Africa .

First World War

At the beginning of the First World War , the regiment mobilized on August 2, 1914 . Together with the 1st Kurhessian Infantry Regiment No. 81 stationed in Frankfurt am Main , it formed the 42nd Infantry Brigade within the 21st Division and the XVIII. Army Corps . The regiment was deployed on the western and eastern fronts.

Whereabouts

After the war, the remains of the regiment returned to the home where from December 26 1918 to January 3, 1919 in Braunfels the demobilization took place. The staff and the 1st Battalion transferred to the "Hessen-Nassau" Freikorps . A volunteer division was formed from other parts of the regiment and was deployed in the Eastern Border Guard .

With the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr , the staff and the 1st Battalion then came to the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 22. [3]

The tradition continued in the Reichswehr from August 24, 1921, the 12th Company of the 15th Infantry Regiment .

In Bad Homburg, the eighties memorial commemorates the regiment.

Regimentschefs

Until 1866 the reigning Elector of Hesse was head of the regiment. After that they were personalities appointed by the Prussian king.

Rank Name date
General of the Infantry Leopold Hermann von Boyen June 16, 1871 to February 19, 1886
Empress Friedrich [4] [5] October 18, 1897 to August 5, 1901
Princess Margarethe of Prussia August 10, 1901 until dissolution

Commanders

Rank Name Date [6]
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Gebhard of Colomb October 30, 1866 to June 19, 1871
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Konstantin Ernst Thilo von Kaweczynski June 20, 1871 to January 10, 1876
Oberst Ludwig Alfons August von Thompson January 11, 1876 to February 10, 1882
Oberst Ewald von Keyserlingk February 11, 1882 to January 24, 1887
Oberst Hugo von Saß-Jaworski January 25, 1887 to March 24, 1890
Oberst Friedrich von Gersdorff March 25, 1890 to May 7, 1892
Oberst Hubert von Weise 0 May 8, 1892 to February 14, 1896
Oberst Erich Lölhöffel from Löwensprung February 15, 1896 to May 21, 1899
Oberst Paul von Dassel May 22, 1899 to January 26, 1900
Oberst Karl von Wachter January 27, 1900 to May 17, 1901
Oberst Albano by Jacobi May 18, 1901 to April 21, 1905
Oberst Richard von Suesskind-Schwendi April 22, 1905 to May 20, 1907
Oberst Richard from Conta May 21, 1907 to March 19, 1911
Oberst Wolfgang Treusch von Buttlar-Brandenfels March 20, 1911 to September 30, 1913
Oberst Max Joachim von Hake 0 October 1, 1913 to September 11, 1914
Oberst Adolf Braun September 12, 1914 to January 8, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Kurt Nickisch from Rosenegk 0 January 9, 1916 to December 1918
Oberst Max Olfenius 1919 (settlement office)

literature

  • Hans Dechend : History of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Hess.) No. 80 and his main regiment of the Electoral Hessian Life Guard Regiment from 1632 to 1900. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1901
  • Hans Dechend: History of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Kurhessisches). Elwert'sche University and Publishing Bookstore, Berlin 1913.
  • Bernhard von Fumetti: The Royal Prussian Fusilier Regt. von Gersdorff (Kurhessisches) No. 80 in the world wars 1914-1918. 1st part (= memorial sheets of German regiments. Troops of the former Prussian contingent . No. 130.1 ). Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1925. Available online: Württembergische Landesbibliothek
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 146.
  • Kurt Nickisch von Rosenegk: The Royal Prussian Fusilier Regt. von Gersdorff (Kurhessisches) No. 80 in the world wars 1914-1918. 2nd part (= memorial sheets of German regiments. Troops of the former Prussian contingent . No. 130.2 ). Scharfdruck, Wetzlar 1929. Available online: Württembergische Landesbibliothek
  • G. Voigt: Germany's armies until 1918. Volume 3. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1982. ISBN 3-7648-1199-4 .
  • From parade ground to residential area: the history of the Europaviertel. Rheingauviertel / Hollerborn local advisory board (publisher) in conjunction with the urban development company and the Wiesbaden cultural office / city archive. Thorsten Reiss Publishing House. Wiesbaden 2010. ISBN 978-3-928085-53-3 .
  • von Memerky: [7] The officer corps of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Hessisches) no. 80. 1866 to 1891. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1891.

Weblinks

Commons : Fusilier Regiment “von Gersdorff” (Kurhessisches) No. 80 - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Dechend: History of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Hess.) No. 80 and his regular regiment of the Kurhessischer Leibgarde Regiment from 1632 to 1900. P. 600–601.
  2. Hans Dechend: History of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Hess.) No. 80 and his regular regiment of the Kurhessischen Leibgarde-Regiment from 1632 to 1900. , p. 553.
  3. ^ Jürgen Kraus: Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 146.
  4. After the death of her husband in 1888, Victoria took the name Kaiserin Friedrich .
  5. Hans Dechend: History of the Fusilier Regiment von Gersdorff (Hess.) No. 80 and his regular regiment of the Electorate of Hesse Liebgarde Regiment from 1632 to 1900. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1901, p. 623.
  6. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . P. 209f.
  7. v. Memerky died in 1894 as a result of a hunting accident.