Fusilier regiment "von Steinmetz" (West Prussian) No. 37 - Füsilier-Regiment „von Steinmetz“ (Westpreußisches) Nr. 37

The Fusilier Regiment "Steinmetz" (West Prussian) No. 37 was an infantry joined the Prussian army . It existed from 1818 to 1919 and was named after Field Marshal Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz from 1889 .

story

The association was established on January 26, 1818 (Foundation Day) as the 35th Infantry Regiment (3rd Reserve Regiment).

German war

During the war against Austria in 1866 the regiment took part in the battles at Nachod , Skalitz , Schweinschädel and Königgrätz .

Franco-German War

In the war against France in 1870/71 the regiment fought at Weißenburg , Wörth , Stonne , Sedan and from September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871 during the enclosure and siege of Paris .

From 1881 the regiment moved into the garrison in Krotoschin , from 1897 it was completely housed in four barracks.

First World War

During the First World War, the regiment fought on the Western Front , including the Battle of Verdun .

Whereabouts

After the end of the war , the regiment was demobilized in Goldberg from January 2 to 22, 1919 . The establishment of a volunteer company had already started at the end of December. During the demobilization, the Volunteer Fusilier Regiment 37 formed with I. Battalion (Volunteer Battalion "von Ravenstein"), III. Battalion (volunteer battalion "Tschirnhaus"), IV. Battalion (volunteer or border guard battalion Lissa) and a volunteer MG and MW company. These formations were used under the 10th Infantry Division in the Lissa Border Guard . With the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr, the I. and III. Battalion in the 9th Reichswehr Rifle Regiment.

The tradition of the Fusilier Regiment "von Steinmetz" (West Prussian) No. 37 took over in the Reichswehr by decree of the Chief of the Army Command General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt from August 24, 1921 the 14th Company of the 8th (Prussian) stationed in Lübben Infantry Regiment .

Regimentschef

In recognition of his many years of service proclaimed King William I the Infantry General Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz (1796-1877) to the regimental commander . After his death, the infantry general Viktor von Lignitz held this high position from January 20, 1903 to October 15, 1913.

Commanders

Rank Name Date [1]
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Otto von Diericke August 27, 1818 to March 29, 1829
Lieutenant colonel Friedrich von Tilly March 30, 1829 to November 2, 1830
Lieutenant colonel Ferdinand von Grabowski 0 November 8, 1830 to June 8, 1831
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Karl von François June 25, 1831 to October 23, 1832 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Karl von François October 24, 1832 to August 17, 1837
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Ernst von Schweinitz August 18, 1837 to May 18, 1838 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Ernst von Schweinitz May 19, 1838 to March 28, 1842
Dietrich von Borries 0 April 7, 1842 to March 29, 1844
Oberst Wilhelm von Wentzel March 30, 1844 to September 24, 1849
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Wilhelm Lignitz September 25, 1849 to June 7, 1854
Oberst Friedrich Krieß July 13, 1854 to October 28, 1857
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Friedrich von Barby October 29, 1857 to September 19, 1859
Oberst Leopold von Stuckrad 0 October 3, 1859 to January 8, 1864
Oberst Ferdinand von Kummer 0 January 9, 1864 to April 17, 1865
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Ferdinand von Below April 18, 1865 to June 17, 1869
Oberst Adolf von Heinemann June 18, 1869 to July 14, 1871
Oberst Albert Gebauer July 15, 1871 to April 12, 1875
Lieutenant colonel Julius von Schmidt April 13 to June 18, 1875 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Julius von Schmidt June 19, 1875 to October 17, 1881
Ernst Masuch October 18, 1881 to April 6, 1882
Otto von Franke April 15, 1882 to May 12, 1886
Lieutenant colonel Ernst von Redern May 13, 1886 to May 14, 1886 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Ernst von Redern 15. May 1886 bis 21. May 1889
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Emil von Freyhold 22. May 1889 bis 21. August 1891
Oberst Waldemar von Hirschfeld August 22, 1891 to March 21, 1895
Oberst Wilhelm Quade March 22, 1895 to April 16, 1896
Oberst Karl Crudup April 17, 1896 to May 21, 1899
Oberst Karl von Gynz-Rekowski 22. May 1899 bis 21. May 1900
Oberst Karl Strübing May 22, 1900 to June 17, 1903
Oberst Otto Deininger June 18, 1903 to October 2, 1906
Oberst Hans Herwarth von Bittenfeld 0 October 3, 1906 to February 17, 1908
Oberst Adolph Breithaupt February 18, 1908 to April 20, 1911
Oberst Hermann von Engelmann April 21, 1911 to June 29, 1912
Oberst Oskar Haevernick June 30, 1912 to September 9, 1914
Georg Grossmann September 10, 1914 to March 25, 1916
Court judge March 29, 1916 to July 11, 1917
Major Anton von Munchausen July 12 to September 21, 1917
Walther Zechlin September 22, 1917 to March 30, 1918
Oscar Köhler 19. April 1918
Georg Staroste 1918 until dissolution

literature

  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 83.
  • Friedrich August Nitschke: The Westphalian Fusilier Regiment No. 37 in the war of 1870/71 . ES Mittler, Berlin 1879.
  • Johannes Freiherr von Reibnitz: The Fusilier Regiment von Steinmetz ("Westphalian") No. 37 . ES Mittler and Son, 1893 Berlin.
  • Hans Altmann: The Fusilier Regiment "von Steinmetz" (West Prussian) No. 37 in the world wars 1914-1918 . Bernard & Graefe publishing house, Berlin 1931.

Weblinks

Commons : Fusilier Regiment “von Steinmetz” (West Prussian) No. 37 - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 131-133 .