Ferrari 312T2 - Ferrari 312T2
|Motor:||Tipo015 Ferrari-V 12, 180°, 2991,80 cm³|
|Driver:|| Niki Lauda |
|First start:||1976 Spanish Grand Prix|
|Last start:||1978 Brazilian Grand Prix|
|World Cup points:||187|
|Leadership laps:||k. A. / tba|
The Formula 1 regulations were changed by the FIA for the 1976 season . Since the first three races took place from January to March in Brazil, South Africa and California, where the teams usually shipped last year's cars, the changes did not take effect until the Spanish Grand Prix in early May. The 1975 world champion car, the Ferrari 312T , was adapted and used as the 312T2.
The racing cars lost their mighty air scoops over the cockpit and got larger cockpit openings. The suspension, transmission and the flat 12-cylinder engine have been completely redesigned. Ferrari experimented with a De Dion rear suspension during the test drives , but this was not used in the race.
The 312T2 was the top car of the 1976 season and Niki Lauda had a reassuring lead in the drivers' championship before suffering his life-threatening accident at the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring . The cause of the accident could never be completely clarified. The Argentinian Carlos Reutemann joined the team as a substitute for Lauda , as Ferrari was not convinced of the Austrian's recovery. But just 42 days after his accident, Lauda started at the Italian Grand Prix and finished fourth. Lauda lost the drivers' championship because he gave up in the pouring rain at the last race in Japan . The Scuderia couldn't take the constructors' cup away.
In 1977 the Scuderia entered the world championship with the almost unchanged 312T2 and the Lauda / Reutemann driver pairing. With the 312T2, Lauda became Formula 1 world champion for the second time in his career.
The 312T2 was also used in January 1978 in the first two Grand Prix races of the 1978 season in South America. Reutemann won the Brazilian Grand Prix , the last race of the 312T2, which was then replaced by the Ferrari 312T3 .
|1976 Formula 1 season||83||1.|
|1977 Formula 1 season||95||1.|
|1978 Formula 1 season||91||3.1|
|green||–||Placement in the points|
|blue||–||Classified outside of the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|Rot||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no World Cup participation|
|other||P / bold||Pole-Position|
|SR / italics||Fastest race lap|
not at the finish, |
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall ranking|
|Motor||Ferrari 12 cylinder (180 ° V)|
|Bore × stroke||80 × 49,6 mm|
|power||368 kW (500 PS) bei 12.200/min|
|Max. Torque||320 Nm bei 9000-9500/min|
|Mixture preparation||Lucas injection|
|transmission||Ferrari five-speed transmission (60-80% lock)|
|Front track||1405–1600 mm|
|Rear track||1430–1600 mm|
|Length × width × height||4316 × 2110 × 990 mm|
|Empty weight (without driver and with empty tank)||575 kg|
|Top speed||ca. 280 km / h|
- Mike Lang: Grand Prix! Race-by-race account of Formula 1. Haynes Publishing Group, Sparkford 1982, ISBN 0-85429-321-3.
- David Hodges: Racing cars from A – Z after 1945. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-613-01477-7 .
- Pino Casamassima: History of the Scuderia Ferrari. Nada Editore, Vimodrome 1998, ISBN 88-7911-179-5 .
- Leonardo Acerbi: 60 years of Ferrari. Heel, Königswinter 2007, ISBN 978-3-89880-815-6 .
- Racing and sports car catalog. No. 1, 1977, .
- Ferrari.com information about the 312T2. Retrieved May 5, 2020 (en)
- ultimatecarpage.com Detailed information (article / pictures / technical data). Retrieved May 5, 2020 (en)
- Ferrari 312 T2 2018 Monterey Reunion ex-Niki Lauda . On YouTube . Retrieved May 6, 2020