Ferrari 312T3 - Ferrari 312T3
|Motor:||Tipo015 Ferrari-V 12, 180°, 2991,80 cm³|
|Driver:|| Carlos Reutemann |
|First start:||1978 South African Grand Prix|
|Last start:||1979 Brazilian Grand Prix|
|World Cup points:||—|
|Leadership laps:||k. A. / tba|
The racing car had a less rounded body shape than the previous model, a new monocoque and a new front suspension that was matched to the Michelin tires. The car was fast, but too prone to defects compared to the two factory Lotus 79s owned by Mario Andretti and Ronnie Peterson , which dominated the season. The 312T3 was also not yet a ground-effect racing car, as the Lotus 78 was in perfect form. Ferrari repeatedly tested the suction effect achieved through side skirts during the season, but the modifications were not used until the beginning of 1979. The new vehicle was then called the T4 designated.
Carlos Reutemann won the two US Grand Prix and the Grand Prix of Great Britain with the 312T3 in 1978 , while the Canadian Gilles Villeneuve won his home Grand Prix . In the drivers' world championship, Reutemann came third overall and Villeneuve came ninth in the final ranking. In the constructors' cup, the Scuderia finished second behind Lotus .
A total of 5 copies were built  :
- 312 T3 / 032. Use in three races, one with Villeneuve and two with Reutemann (victory in Long Beach).
- 312 T3 / 033. 5 races with Reutemann in 1978, only once victoriously entered by Villeneuve in the 1979 Race of Champions .
- 312 T3 / 034. From the Long Beach race it was driven by Villeneuves. He used it 12 times in 1978 (victory in Canada) and 1979 in Brazil.
- 312 T3 / 035. Used 5 times by Reutemann 1978 (victory in the US Grand Prix) and by Scheckter in the first two races in 1979.
- 312 T3 / 036. Was used in the last European races in 1978 by Reutemann and 1979 by Villeneuve in Argentina.
A chassis from the 312 T3 was used in 1979 to test an innovative semi-automatic transmission designed by Mauro Forghieri. With buttons on the steering wheel, the car drove 100 laps in various tests with good time results, but was not appreciated by Canadian driver Gilles Villeneuve. As a result, development was abandoned, and it wasn't until 1989 that a semi-automatic transmission made its debut in the race, this time also in a Ferrari: the 640 F1  .
Ex-Villeneuve 312T3 beim Goodwood Festival of Speed 2009
Carlos Reutemann during test drives in Zandvoort in 1978
Carlos Reutemann in a Ferrari 312T3 on his victory drive at the 1978 US Grand Prix in Watkins Glen
- Mike Lang: Grand Prix! Race-by-race account of Formula 1. Haynes Publishing Group, Sparkford 1982, ISBN 0-85429-321-3.
- David Hodges: Racing cars from A to Z after 1945. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-613-01477-7 .
- Pino Casamassima: History of the Scuderia Ferrari. Nada Editore, Vimodrome 1998, ISBN 88-7911-179-5 .
- Leonardo Acerbi: 60 years of Ferrari. Heel, Königswinter 2007, ISBN 978-3-89880-815-6 .
- ferrari.com information 312T3, accessed April 23, 2020
- Ultimatecarpage.com Very detailed page with articles, pictures and technical information about the 312T3, accessed on April 28, 2020 (English)
- Ferrari 312 T3 detail and driving recordings of the ex-Villeneuve 312T3 (approx. 2006) accessed on YouTube on April 23, 2020
- Autosprint (Zeitschrift): See collection of magazine 1977-1979 .
- Luca Ferrari: The semi-automatic gearbox was born from an idea of Enzo Ferrari. In: f1passion.it. 3. Januar 2013, abgerufen am 23. April 2020 .