Ferrari 330 GTC
|330 GTC |
|Class :||Sports car|
|Body versions :||Coupe , Convertible|
|Engines:|| Otto engine : |
|Wheelbase :||2400 mm|
|Empty weight :||1300 kg|
|Previous model|| Ferrari 250 GT Lusso |
Ferrari 275 GTS
|successor|| Ferrari 365 GTC |
Ferrari 365 GTS
The Coupé Ferrari 330 GTC and its Cabiolet version 330 GTS are road sports cars from the Italian car manufacturer Ferrari . They belong to the Ferrari 330 model family , but regardless of the twelve-cylinder engine used in common, they differ from the other family members in their stylistic and technical independence. Individual vehicles received individual bodies from Pininfarina , Zagato and Felber .
History of origin
At the beginning of the 1960s, Ferrari divided its range of road sports cars into several segments. The 275 GTB took on the role of the decidedly sporty two-seater, while the 250 GTE 2 + 2 and its successors, the 330 America and 330 GT 2 + 2, were elegant four-seater Gran Turismo models. The two-seater 250 GT Lusso had been positioned between these series since 1962 . When its production ended in 1964, Ferrari initially did not fill the gap again.  Only in 1966 the work of the redesigned coupe brought 330 GTC out the newly occupied the market segment of the 250 GT Lusso.   Ferrari combined several already existing technical modules with one another in the 330 GTC, and the body design was also a combination of several designs that had previously been implemented in other models.
The 330 GTC appeared in March 1966 at the Geneva Motor Show , the Spyder GTS derived from it, which replaced the Ferrari 275 GTS discontinued at the beginning of the year , was presented in October 1966 at the Mondial de l'Automobile in Paris.  Both models remained in the range until 1968, when they were replaced by the outwardly very similar, but with larger and more powerful engines, successors, the 365 GTC and 365 GTS .
As was common at Ferrari in the 1950s and 1960s, the model designation for the 330 GTC and GTS is derived from the engine of the vehicle. It relates to the cubic capacity of a single cylinder, which in the engine used here was a rounded 300 cm³. GTB stands for Gran Turismo Berlinetta , GTS stands for the open- top Gran Turismo Spyder .
Motorization and power transmission
In the 330 GTC and GTS, Ferrari used a twelve-cylinder V-engine with a cylinder bank angle of 60 degrees and a displacement of 3967 cm³ (bore × stroke = 77 × 71 mm; total volume of a cylinder approx. 330 cm³). The engine with the factory designation Tipo 209 was conceptually based on a design by Gioacchino Colombo from 1947, the further development of which it is considered to be. While basically maintaining the relationship between bore and stroke as well as the cylinder bank angle, Ferrari had redesigned the engine block in 1960, with the cylinder spacing being increased in particular. These and other changes led to the Tipo 209 , which was used in all of the 330 family's street sports cars . [Note 1]
As in the previously published models 330 and 330 America GT 2 + 2, the engine was also in the 330 GTC three downdraft - twin carburettors of Weber equipped (40 DCZ / 6 or 40 DFI optional type). It had an overhead camshaft for each bank of cylinders and two valves per cylinder. The power was about 220 kW (300 hp) at 7500 rpm. 
The engine power was transmitted via a manual five-speed gearbox. The transmission corresponded to that of the 330 GT 2 + 2 of the second series, but was not installed in the front of the 330 GTC, but on the rear axle.
The 330 GTC and 330 GTS had a tubular frame chassis made of steel, which bore the in-house designation Tipo 592 .  The chassis was largely identical to that of the 275 GTB. In each case, the wheelbase was 2400 mm. The wheels were hung individually at the front and back . In this detail too, the 330 GTC differed from the larger 330 GT 2 + 2, which still had a rigid rear axle . The suspension of the 330 GTC consisted of double wishbones with coil springs and hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers from Koni with stabilizers. On all four wheels there were disc brakes from Girling .
The body of the 330 GTC was designed by Pininfarina. The responsible designer was Aldo Brovarone . He combined various design elements from well-known Ferrari sports cars. The front section was defined by an oval radiator opening between two-part bumpers. It was based on the front of the exclusive 500 Superfast . The rear end was similar to that of the 275 GTS  and took up elements of the Chevrolet Corvette Rondine, a design study that Tom Tjaarda had designed in 1963 for Pininfarina.  The peculiarities of the 330 GTC included the thin vehicle pillars and the large glass surfaces, which, according to critics, gave the structure a special lightness.
Most of the body panels were made of steel, some parts such as hoods and doors were made of aluminum.
Ferrari 330 GTS
The open Ferrari 330 GTS was technically the same as the closed 330 GTC in every detail. The GTS, however, was slightly heavier than the GTC. It had a soft top that, when folded back, almost completely disappeared into the vehicle body, so that the continuous belt line was not interrupted. The folded-back hood could be covered with a protective cover made of vinyl . The 330 GTS only had odd chassis numbers. 
The 330 GTC and GTS were built in Pininfarina's factory in Turin ; Ferrari then installed the mechanical components in Maranello.  In two years, 598 coupes and 100 Spyder were built.  In the course of the production time, the model experienced almost no technical or stylistic changes.
Some chassis received their own superstructures.
330 GTC Speciale P.F. „Rethy“
So-called Rethy Ferraris were created in four copies, which combined the short chassis of the 330 GTC with a body that was based on the profile of the much longer 365 GT 2 + 2 "Queen Mary" . The design again came from Pininfarina. The C-pillar slowly drained towards the end of the trunk. The rear pane, however, was vertical. This design feature was reminiscent of the lines of the Dino 246 . As with the 365 California Spyder, there were concealed additional headlights on the front end . The client was the Belgian King Leopold III. The car (chassis number 9439) went to his second wife, who was named Princess of Rethywore. The unofficial name of the special model refers to this title. A second, almost identical vehicle with chassis number 9653 was shown at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1967. It went to a friend of the royal family. Both vehicles were built in the first months of 1967. In the further course of the year, Pininfarina manufactured two further 330 GTC Specials, one of which had a differently designed rear end. The last two vehicles went to two Italian customers.  
Der 330 GTS Harrah Targa
On the basis of a 330 GTS (chassis number 10913), Pininfarina produced a one-off in 1968 with a body in Targa style . With the otherwise unchanged structure, the car had a wide, chrome-plated roll bar in the area of the B-pillar , to which a large inclined panoramic rear window made of plastic was attached. The roof part between the windshield and the roll bar could be removed. The client was the American businessman and automobile collector William F. Harrah , who left the car to the country singer Bobbie Gentry , his wife at the time. After the divorce in 1970, Harrah sold the car. 
330 Convertible Zagato
In 1973, five years after production of the 330 GTC had ceased, the US Ferrari importer Luigi Chinetti commissioned the Milan design studio Zagato to design a new body for a used chassis. The base vehicle was created in 1967 (chassis number 10659) and delivered to the USA. Responsible designer was depending on the source Elio Zagato  or Giuseppe Mittino .  Zagato had a very similar design as early as 1970 on a chassis of the Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta SWBrealized. While that car was a full convertible with a folding soft top, a two-door safety convertible was created in 1974. Behind the seats the car had a wide roll bar; the plastic roof section over the seats was removable. The headlights were behind a wide plexiglass cover. This stylistic device reinterpreted the front section of the first series of the 365 GTB / 4 "Daytona" . The car was presented to the public at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1974. It remained a one-off.   
The chassis of the 330 GTC served the Swiss automobile manufacturer Felber as the basis for a roadster with a retro look , which was based on the Ferrari 166 very freely. The doorless two-seater was presented at the 1974 Geneva Motor Show. There was a small series of six vehicles, each with used 330 GTC chassis. The body was made by Panther Westwinds in Great Britain. Enzo Ferrari allowed Felber to use the Ferrari name. 
The 330 GTC and GTS on the classic market
The Ferrari 330 GTC and GTS are high-priced classics. The purchase price for a 330 GTC in the exhibition state was 800,000 euros in 2017, a mediocre one cost 600,000 euros. A 330 GTS in top condition was quoted at 1.8 million euros in 2017, worse specimens were only slightly cheaper. Classic prices have almost quadrupled in the past five years. 
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- Peter Braun, Gregor Schulz: The great Ferrari manual. All series and racing vehicles from 1947 to today , Heel Verlag, Königswinter, 2006, ISBN 3-89880-501-8
- Godfrey Eaton: The Complete Ferrari. Cadogan Books, London 1985, ISBN 0-947754-10-5, S. 92f., 131–135, 140–150, 163/164, 353f.
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- David Lillywhite, Halwart Schrader: Classic Automobiles . Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-613-02552-3 .
- The Ferrari 330 GTC on the auto.ferrari.com website
- The Ferrari 330 GTS on the Auto.ferrari.com website
- addition, there were revised engines that were equipped with modified cylinder heads, valve controls and ignition systems, but with the same dimensions. They carried the designations Tipo 216, 216B and 237 and were reserved for use in racing. A version of the Tipo 209, enlarged to 4.4 liters, powered the street sports cars of the 365 model family.
- Peter Braun, Gregor Schulz: The large Ferrari manual. All series and racing vehicles from 1947 until today , Heel Verlag, Königswinter, 2006, ISBN 3-89880-501-8 , p. 71.
- Matthias Braun, Ernst Fischer, Manfred Steinert, Alexander Franc Storz: Ferrari road and racing cars since 1946 , 1st edition Stuttgart 2006 (Motorbuch Verlag). ISBN 978-3-613-02651-3 , p. 142.
- The Ferrari 330 GTC on the auto.ferrari.com website (accessed on July 29, 2017).
- Matthias Braun, Ernst Fischer, Manfred Steinert, Alexander Franc Storz: Ferrari road and racing cars since 1946 , 1st edition Stuttgart 2006 (Motorbuch Verlag). ISBN 978-3-613-02651-3 , p. 145.
- The Ferrari 330 GTS on the Auto.ferrari.com website (accessed on July 29, 2017).
- Peter Braun, Gregor Schulz: The large Ferrari manual. All series and racing vehicles from 1947 to today , Heel Verlag, Königswinter, 2006, ISBN 3-89880-501-8 , p. 74.
- The Rethy-Ferraris on the website www.ultimatecarpage.com (accessed on July 29, 2017).
- Matthias Braun, Ernst Fischer, Manfred Steinert, Alexander Franc Storz: Ferrari road and racing cars since 1946 , 1st edition Stuttgart 2006 (Motorbuch Verlag). ISBN 978-3-613-02651-3 , p. 143.
- The Ferrari 330 Convertible Zagato on the website fabwheelsdigest.blogspot.de (accessed on July 29, 2017).
- Description and illustration of the 330 GTC Zagato Convertible (chassis number 10659) on the website www.silodrome.com (accessed on May 3, 2019).
- Oldtimer Market. Prices 2017, p. 68.