| Ferrari 400|
|Parent company||Fiat SpA|
|Car bodies||Two door coupe|
|Setting||Front V12 engine , rear wheel drive|
|Predecessor||Ferrari 365 GT4 2 + 2|
The Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 are 2 + 2 coupe- bodied gran turismo- type sports cars that were produced by the Italian manufacturer Ferrari . Both were made with a system of transmission of 5 - speed synchronized or optionally with a unit of automatic transmission 3 speed of General Motors .
Its design derives from the almost identical Ferrari 365 GT4 2 + 2 . Production began in 1976, when Ferrari introduced its first vehicle equipped with an automatic transmission (the 400) at the 1976 Paris Motor Show . Today, its sleek and stylish Pininfarina design line and relatively small production volume can make it become a future classic. However, its recognition has not been great and it appears in position number 18 in the BBC book "Crap Cars" ("junk cars"), located between the Daihatsu Applause and the Austin Ambassador.
Automatic transmission and compliance with emissions limits suggests it may have been designed thinking of the market for the US , though no version of the 400 series was officially imported into that country. However, there are numerous privately imported units in the United States.
400 (automatic) and 400 GT
The 400 automatic (or 400A) and the 400 GT were the first versions, produced from 1976 to 1979 . The 400 automatic uses General Motors' Turbo-Hydramatic THM400 automatic transmission , while the 400 GT version was equipped with a 5-speed synchromesh transmission.
The engine, based on the 4,390 cc used in the Daytona, is a 4,823 cc 250 kW V12 engine. The engine is located in the front area of the rear-wheel drive vehicle, the traditional GT design allowed Ferrari to fit four seats in this elegant coupe.
400i y 400i GT
In these versions, produced from 1979 to 1985 , the 400 carburettors were replaced by a Bosch K-Jetronic injection system. As in the smaller Ferrari 308i , power was reduced substantially, to 310 hp (228 kW), but emissions were significantly improved. From 1982A small review of the exterior appearance of these models appears. Externally they are identified by the appearance of two fog lights located on the rear bumper and the front fog lights are no longer behind the front grille to be at the same height as it. As for its engine plant, it receives a small revision, which raises the power to 315 CV.
412 y 412 GT
The 400 was upgraded for 1985 with an increase in engine capacity to 4,943 cc and a power boost to its original 250 kW rating. For the first time an ABS system is offered in a Ferrari , the provision of manual and optional automatic transmission boxes was maintained.
- Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. Londres: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.