Ferrari Dino 196 S - Ferrari Dino 196 S
The Ferrari Dino 196 S was a racing car that was manufactured by Ferrari as a one-off in 1958. 
In the 1950–60s it was common practice at Scuderia Ferrari to test the new Formula 1 engines for their suitability in sports cars.  A first version of the V6 engine named in memory of the initiator of the project, Alfredo "Dino" Ferrari, was presented in 1957 with a 1.5 liter displacement for Formula 2 .  The capacity quickly gained in size, being able to use the motor in F1. In order to achieve optimal performance, the engine had an unusual cylinder bank angle of 65 degrees and two overhead camshafts per cylinder bank. Less than a year after his monoposto-Debut in 1958, the Dino engine found its place in a sports car. 
Change in the type designation
With the new engine, Ferrari introduced a new line of type designations, in which the traditional, uniform nomenclature was abandoned: Up until then, the rounded displacement of a single cylinder usually formed the number in the type designation, the first two digits on the Dino 196 S give the rounded total displacement in deciliters and the third digit the number of cylinders.
At the end of 1959, Ferrari started a small production run of the Dino 196 S. These cars were practically identical to the final version of the earlier car, but now designed as right-hand drive, which made their external resemblance to the 250 Testa Rossa used at the same time even greater. The only easy way to tell the difference was to count the number of velocity stacks under the plexiglass inlet on the hood. Three copies with the body designed by Fantuzzi were built. They had the chassis numbers 0776, 0778 and 0784. The last vehicle, chassis no. 0784, was redesigned in the early 1960s in a similar style to the last Testa Rossa front-engined models. 
When these three vehicles first appeared, there was confusion and controversy about the actual displacement of the engines with which they competed in certain races. There was even speculation that the old 4-cam engine was being driven. These inconsistencies have not yet been conclusively clarified, but according to the factory documents, chassis no. 0776 was designed as a 196 S (2-liter model). 
After the sporting results of the other vehicles, which were equipped with the same type of engine (65 ° V6) as the Dino 196 S, Enzo Ferrari decided to become the only built car of the model after appearances in the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 1000 -km-race on the Nürburgring 1959 for sale to Luigi Chinetti . At Le Mans the 196 S had failed after 63 laps and at the Nürburgring after nine laps with engine failure. Chinetti used it with moderate success until 1961 in various competitions. The races in which he participated included the Targa Florio and the 1959 Sebring 12 Hours and other competitions in the United States. Later the car passed to other owners. The current owner's son drove it at the 2006 Goodwood Revival. 
Documented racing history of the Ferrari Dino 196 S with chassis number 0776 
|date||Race / location||driver||Start-Nr.||Results|
|Governor’s Trophy||R. Rodriguez||9||4.|
|04.12.59||Governor’s Trophy||R. Rodriguez||9||2.|
|05.12.59||Nassau Trophy||R. Rodriguez||9||DNS|
|26.03.60||Sebring 12 hour race||R. Rodriguez||28||DNF|
R. Rodriguez |
|22.05.60||1000 km race on the Nürburgring||
R. Rodriguez |
|25.03.61||Sebring 12 hour race||W. Helborn |
|37||- 1st in Cl. S. Hudson 01.10.61 Canadian G.P. |
- 6th J. “Buck” Fulp 3 - O/A 2nd Cl. Mosport
|03.06.62||Bridgehampton Race Circuit||T. O’Brien||22||7. - O / A 2nd Cl.|
|30.06.62||Lime Rock Park||T. O’Brien||22||6. - O / A 2nd Cl.|
|03.11.62||Vineland New Jersey Racetrack||T. O’Brien||6. - O/A 3rd Cl.|
Around 12 replicas of the Ferrari Dino 196 S were made. The pictures show the replica known under the designation "415UXY" (license plate).
engine and gears
The engine of the 196 S designed by Vittorio Jano (internal: Tipo 157 )  was a longitudinally installed 65 ° V6 front engine with double overhead camshafts ( DOHC ) that controlled two valves per cylinder, three Weber carburettors of the type 42 DCN and 2 spark plugs per cylinder, which were supplied by a system with two magnetic coils, and dry sump lubrication .  Bore and stroke were 77 mm and 71 mm, resulting in a total displacement of 1984 cm³.  The compression ratio was 9.8: 1. The cylinder head and cylinder block were made of an aluminum alloy .  The power was transmitted to the rear wheelsvia a multi-plate clutch, a 4-speed gearbox (+ reverse gear) and a cardan shaft . The 196 S did not have a compressor to increase performance.
The frame was a tubular steel construction. The front wheels were suspended on double wishbones of different lengths with coil springs, hydraulic damping and anti-roll bars. The rear axle was rigid, also with coil springs and hydraulic damping.  The two-seater Spider body (ital .: Barchetta = small boat), which was designed by the Italian engineer and body designer Medardo Fantuzzi , was shaped in a style that was in great demand from 1958 to 1960 and also on the other Racing model with dinosaur engine, the 246 S, was on display.  At first glance, the 196 S was difficult to distinguish from the Ferrari 250 TR .
The top speed reached by the Dino 196 S was 250 km / h. The maximum output of the engine was 195 hp (143 kW) at 7200 rpm.  With a weight of 680 kg, it came to a performance ratio of 0.29 hp per kilogram. 
Technical information / overview
|Ferrari Dino 196|
|Motor||65 ° V6 front engine Tipo 157 installed lengthways, heads and block aluminum|
|Displacement||1984 cm³ / 121.1 with linen|
|Bore × stroke||77,0 mm × 71,0 mm|
|Compression ratio||9,8 : 1|
|Power at 1 / min||195 PS (143 kW) bei 7200/min|
|HP per liter of displacement:||98 PS|
|Valve control||two overhead camshafts / 2 valves per cylinder|
|Mixture preparation||3 Weber carburettors type 42 DCN|
|transmission||4-speed gearbox + reverse gear (rear wheel drive)|
|Brakes||Dunlop disc brakes on all wheels   ["Note" 1]|
Independent suspension with wishbones of different lengths, |
coil springs, hydraulic damping, anti-roll bar
|Rear suspension||Rigid axle, coil springs, hydraulic damping|
|Body and frame||Aluminum body, tubular steel frame|
|Track width front / rear||1250 mm / 1260 mm|
|Front tire size||5.50 × 16|
|Rear tire size||6.50 × 16|
|Dimensions L × W × H||unknown|
|Empty weight (without driver)||680 kg|
|Tank capacity||130 Liter|
|Top speed||250 km/h (155,3 mph)|
|Power-to-weight ratio (PS / kg)||0.29 PS / kg|
- The Ferrari website names drum brakes on all wheels differently , which, however, seems less likely than disc brakes.
- Ferrari.com Information about the Dino 196 S. Retrieved on August 6, 2020 (de)
- Ultimatecarpage.com Information about the Dino 196 S. Retrieved on August 6, 2020 (en)
- Barchetta.cc information about the Dino 196 S. Retrieved on August 6, 2020 (en)
- Ferrari 196S Dino Video about the 196S with chassis no. # 0776 from DK Engineering. On YouTube . Accessed August 6, 2020 (en)
- 1959 Ferrari 196S Dino Fantuzzi Spyder so-called "Walk-Around" and onboard driving recordings. On YouTube . Accessed August 6, 2020 (en)
- 1959 Ferrari 196 S Dino Fantuzzi Spyder - Images, Specifications and Information. Abgerufen am 6. August 2020.
- 196 S Dino 0776. Accessed August 8, 2020 .
- 196 S Dino 0776. Retrieved August 8, 2020 .
- 1959 Ferrari 196 S Dino Fantuzzi Spyder Specifications. Abgerufen am 5. August 2020.
- Ferrari Dino 196 S (1958) - Ferrari.com. Retrieved August 5, 2020 .
- Ferrari Dino 196 S (1958) - Ferrari.com. Retrieved August 6, 2020 .
- Ferrari 196 S 'Dino'. In: Supercars.net. April 16, 2016, Retrieved August 7, 2020 (American English).