Ferrari Dino 246SP - Ferrari Dino 246SP
Background and technology
When Ferrari presented the Dino 246SP at the annual press conference in February 1961, it was a surprise for the representatives of the international motorsport press who were present. This vehicle was the first mid-engine racing sports car from Scuderia in their history. The new Formula 1 racing car , the Ferrari 156 , was also presented alongside the sports car .
The Dino 246SP, of which only two chassis were built, had a Spider body from Fantuzzi , all-round independent wheel suspensions and disc brakes, which, like the Formula 1 racing car, were located directly on the rear differential housing. The engine was derived from the engine of the 246F1 . The 2.4-liter 6-cylinder V engine developed 270 hp.
Name and type designation
The name "Dino" goes to Enzo Ferrari's 1956 early deceased son Alfredo returns, and provides a short version of the nickname s Alfredino . The he designed V6 engine was in the late 1950s in racing cars of Formula 1 and Formula 2 and used in production sports cars from the late 1960s . The type designation "246" follows the Ferrari nomenclature at the time : the first two numbers refer to the rounded total displacement, the last number indicates the number of cylinders. The suffix"SP" stands for the racing class "Sport-Prototype", optionally also "Super Production". These vehicles were labeled " PROVA " in the factory.
The Dino 246SP made its racing debut in 1961 at the Sebring 12-hour race . Chassis 0790 was driven by Richie Ginther and Wolfgang Graf Berghe von Trips . The car did not reach the destination after a defect in the tie rod.  
The second race was at the 1961 Targa Florio . Two racing cars were prepared for Olivier Gendebien and Phil Hill (chassis 0790) as well as Wolfgang Graf Berghe von Trips and Richie Ginther (chassis 0796TR). Porsche and Ferrari dominated the race from the start. Stirling Moss took the lead in the Porsche 718 RS61 and on the first lap, after a few kilometers, he retired after an accident with Phil Hill at the wheel. During the first pit stop of Trips, Ferrari race director Romolo Tavoni made the decisionTo Richie Ginther's chagrin that Olivier Gendebien should continue the trip with the Trips car. Gendebien managed to significantly reduce the gap to Graham Hill , who had taken over the car from Moss. The race was decided by a gearbox damage of the still leading Moss on the penultimate lap. This cleared the way to victory for von Trips and Gendebien, who drove the new 246SP to its first victory on its second outing.  
In the 1000 km race on the Nordschleife of the Nürburgring , both vehicles were at the start again. The Ferraris were already convincing in training; Wolfgang von Trips achieved the best training time in 9: 33,700 minutes, which corresponded to an average of 143.134 km / h. Halfway through the race, Hill / von Trips' car was more than five minutes ahead of Masten Gregory and Lloyd Casner's Maserati Tipo 61clearly in the lead when Hill had an accident. Hill had run into an oil trail in the airfield section and lost control of the car. The car got caught in a ditch and then caught fire. Hill was previously able to get out of the wreck unharmed. The chassis was later rebuilt in the Ferrari factory. Gregory and Casner won the race, the second Dino came third in the classification. 
After failures at the 24-hour race in Le Mans and the 4-hour race in Pescara at the end of 1961, two more victories in the sports car world championship followed in 1962 . Willy Mairesse , Olivier Gendebien and Ricardo Rodríguez won the Targa Florio ; Phil Hill and Olivier Gendebien at the 1000 km race on the Nürburgring . In August 1962, Mike Parkes celebrated the last success with this type of racing car at the Guards Trophy at Brands Hatch .
Literature and sources
- Pino Casamassima: History of the Scuderia Ferrari. Nada Editore, Vimodrome 1998, ISBN 88-7911-179-5 .
- Peter Braun / Gregor Schulz: The great Ferrari manual. Heel, Königswinter 2006, ISBN 3-89880-501-8 .