Fels am Wagram Air Base - Fliegerhorst Fels am Wagram

The airbase Fels am Wagram in Fels am Wagram in Lower Austria was one of the most important air bases of the German Air Force in Austria. Thousands of foreign people had to do forced labor in a barrack camp under the command of the air base .

description

In the summer of 1938, work began on building a small airfield with administration buildings southwest of Fels on leased land. [1] The airfield was unpaved and there was a larger hangar. [2] North of Fels, a barracks camp with around a hundred wooden barracks and a central roll call area was set up, which from spring 1939 served as a training camp for the Air Force. At the airfield there was also an angorhas farm with around 2000 animals. The wool of the animals was used for the production of parachutes and linen for soldiers. [1]

The air base played a central role in day and night hunting . For a while, parts of Jagdgeschwader 27 were stationed here, which were involved in defending against an attack on the ball bearing works in Schweinfurt . [2]

During the first Allied air raid on the air base on June 4, 1944, the rabbit hutch was destroyed. The airfield and camp were cleared and partially destroyed by the Luftwaffe in April 1945. On May 8, 1945, the Red Army moved into Fels and used the barracks and, for a short time, the airfield. In mid-1946 the soldiers withdrew, dismantled the barracks and transported them to the Soviet Union by train . [1]

Forced labor

Evidently from June 27, 1944, Hungarian Jews were also forcibly employed there, who were housed in a barrack camp that was built directly on the site. Together with the foreign workers housed in Thürnthal Castle, the commandant was responsible for up to 3,000 people who were used as "work slaves" by farmers and various companies.

Situation today

The area of ​​the former barracks camp, which is located north of Kamptal Straße (B 34) , is today largely parceled out and built up. The former airfield is used again as arable land.

Trivia

At the end of 1944, Maria Grausenburger took one of these Jewish refugee families from Hungary into her home and from then on hid her from the Nazis, for which she was honored in 1978 by the Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations .

literature

  • Ingrid Oberndorfer: Hungarian Jews in the Fels am Wagram concentration camp between July 1944 and March 1945 , in David, Jüdische Kulturzeitschrift, issue 101, Ebenfurth online

supporting documents

  1. a b c Fels airfield. In: g4v.info . Retrieved September 4, 2020.
  2. a b Markus Schmitzberger: Fels am Wagram Air Base - code names "Garonne" and "Finkennest". In: Secret projects at . Retrieved September 4, 2020.

Coordinates: 48 ° 26 '37 " N , 15 ° 48' 48" E