Flor Crombet - Flor Crombet

Francisco Adolfo Crombet Tejera
Flor Crombet Tejera.jpg
Major General Flor Crombet.
Personal information
Birth Of September 17 of 1851
El Cobre, Santiago de Cuba
CubaFlag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Death Of April October of 1895 (43 years)
Alto de Palmarito, Baracoa
CubaFlag of Cuba.svg Cuba
nationality CubaCuba
Professional information
Occupation Military

Francisco Adolfo "Flor" Crombet Tejera (El Cobre, Santiago de Cuba , September 17 , 1851 - Alto de Palmarito, Baracoa , April 10 , 1895 ). Cuban patriot, fighter in the three independence contests. He was appointed head, in commission, of the division of Cuba and Bayamo . Major General. He landed with Maceo for "Duaba". He participated in the Ten Years War and protested with Maceo in Mangos de Baraguá in defense of the total and definitive independence of Cuba.

Origins and early years

He was born in El Cobre, Santiago de Cuba , Oriente province , on September 17 , 1851 . He was a student of the terrain and of the ordinances and laws of the Liberation Army , for which he distinguished himself as a disciplined and zealous officer of his duties. [ 1 ]

Ten Years' War and Little War

Fighter of the three wars. It won the 20 of November of 1868 incorporated as a soldier forces Colonel Angel Bárzaga . Ten days later he was subordinated to then-Colonel Jesús Pérez . He earned degrees on the battlefield .

His fame spread throughout the Cuban east, especially in Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo, and he participated in the preparations for the so-called Little War . Some historians affirm that his second surname was Calderín and others that Bayón.


He was promoted to corporal second for the attack on “Nueva Málaga”; out of Primera for the taking of "La Dorotea"; a second sergeant for the attack on "La Matilde"; a sergeant first ( 22 of July of 1869 ) for the attack on "La Aurora"; Ensign for the defense of the “Gurjiay” camp; to lieutenant. for the taking of "Uncle Juan"; Captain, ( 13 of September of 1869 ) by taking "The Crystal"; Commander ( December to August of 1871 ) for combat "Cafetal La Indiana" and Lt. Col. ( 24 of July of 1872 ) for the attack on "Shammah".

Participation in the invasion of the West.

In July of 1873 he was subordinate to Brigadier General Antonio Maceo , head of the second division of the first Oriental body. He was chosen by Major General Máximo Gómez to integrate the first invading contingent at the beginning of 1874 . During the battle of "Naranjo Mojacasabe" ( February 10, 1874) he received a wound on his upper lip that marked him forever. He participated in the battle of "Las Guásimas" on March 19, 1874) and in the attack on "Caobillas" ( September 10 , 1874), all in the province of Camagüey .

On September 30, 1874, he returned to Oriente , together with Maceo, to rejoin the Cuba division . (First Corps of the Second Division). On 3 March as as 1875 he participated in the attack on wit "Sabanilla". On October 27, 1875, he was promoted to colonel. In January of 1876 he attacked and took the village of "Guayabales". In 1877 he was appointed chief of the "Guanimao Regiment" and participated in the attack on "El Cobre" and in the defense of his camp at "El Aguacate".

Position in the Baraguá protest

He played an active role in the Baraguá Protest , where he reproached Major General Antonio Maceo for granting the interview to Spanish Captain General Arsenio Martínez Campos , considering that he should not have any contact with the enemy. The provisional government of Baraguá promoted him to brigadier general and appointed him head, in commission, of the division of Cuba and Bayamo . The 8 as maypole as 1878 attacked the village sawmill.

Actions abroad

After capitulating, he went to New York , United States , to return months later with the aim of organizing a new uprising. When he was preparing for the Little War , in the East , he was arrested in Santiago de Cuba , on March 13 , 1879 , and sent to Spain . After 23 months in prison and exile, he managed to escape and settle in Central America .

In Honduras he held the positions of commander general of the department of "La Paz", inspector general of barracks and secretary of the supreme court of war and justice, successively, which he resigned in 1884 to dedicate himself to the preparations for a new war of independence in Cuba . In 1890 he had an active participation in the frustrated conspiracy known as "La Paz del Manganeso". Discovered, he was forced to leave for Costa Rica , from where he collaborated in the organization of the “Fernandina Plan”.

In the United States, he met José Martí , who appointed him to lead the expedition that would arrive on Cuban shores on April 1 , 1895 to restart the Necessary War.

Landing with Maceo

He failed, he left Puerto Limon , Costa Rica , the 25 of March of 1895 , the steamer "Adirondack" to the front of 22 expedition members , among whom were brothers Antonio and José Maceo . After stopping at Kingston , Jamaica , they headed to Fortuna Island in the Bahamas , where they boarded the schooner Honor.

They landed on April 1, 1895 at Duaba , near Baracoa , Oriente , being tenaciously pursued by the enemy. On the 8th, an encounter with an ambush mounted by the guerrillas caused the group to disperse.

Death and posthumous promotion

The October to April of 1895 , Crombet fell fighting in Alto de Palmarito, Baracoa , where the event is remembered and that repeated phrase martiana: "... Flor has a noble heart, sound judgment and think as I think about future destinations of Cuba ".

The 30 of June of 1899 , the executive committee of the Assembly of Representatives of the Cuban revolution, issued diploma Major General with age the 1 of April of 1895 .

external links


  • Encyclopedic Dictionary of Military History of Cuba. First Part ( 1510 - 1898 ). Volume I. Biographies, Verde Olivo Editions, City of Havana , 2004 .