|Song by Trío Huanta, Martina Portocarrero and others|
|Writer (s)||Ricardo Dolorier|
"Flor de Retama" is a traditional Ayacucho huayno composed by Ricardo Dolorier and sung by various interpreters, the version of Martina Portocarrero being the most recognized. [ 1 ] The letter refers to the yellow broom flower ( Spartium junceum ) and the murder of around 100 students, in the so-called Huanta Rebellion in 1969, who demanded the continuity of free basic education. [ 2 ]
On June 21 and 22, 1969, the students and parents of Huanta mobilized in rejection of Decree 006-69 of the Ministry of Education of the military government, then headed by Juan Velasco Alvarado . The decree required the imposition of fees on students who obtained a failing grade in regular courses. The population came out in defense of the free education and the repression of the Police and the Sinchis left a balance of 20 dead, including students from the night section. After the event, known as La Rebelión de Huanta, the president backed down and repealed that decree.
Ricardo Dolorier, a teacher of those students, composed that song in their tribute. [ 3 ]
Ricardo Dolorier. [ 3 ]
The song was first recorded in 1970 by the Trio Huanta, who had to skip a verse of the leak (the final part) that exceed the recording time of a disc 45s [ 4 ]
Dolorier - Portocarrero conflict
In 1971, according to Dolorier, a musical group from Huaraz directed by Martina Portocarrero's husband, Luis Salazar, published a long play entitled “Huaynos pegaditos” , where the second version of Flor de Retama appeared. Then, the same year 1971, it would be the singer Martina Portocarrero who would record the song with some arrangements and changes. For example, you would change the order of the first two stanzas. The first would become the second and this would be the first, leaving the beginning of the song: “Come all to see, there are, we are going to see, in the square of Huanta, yellow, broom flower, yellow, yellowing, flower of broom ” . From then on, Flor de Retama would begin to become famous.
Despite his authorship, Ricardo Dolorier does not receive royalties for his composition.
- In 2009, for the commemoration of the 40 years of the composition of the song, the Municipality of Huamanga decreed to celebrate every November 6 the "Day of the Ayacucho song . "
- Peru.com. « " Flor de Retama ": What is the story behind this huayno from Ayacucho?» .
- Roxana Castañeda; Harol Gutiérrez; Elida Carrillo; Alejandrina Sotelo (2017). "Wild legumes (Fabaceae) for medicinal use from the Lircay district, Angaraes province (Huancavelica, Peru)" . Latin American and Caribbean Bulletin of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 16 (2). ISSN 0717-7917 . Retrieved May 3, 2019 .
- Roberto Ochoa B. (September 3, 2005). Against. Ricardo Dolorier: My passion is teaching » . The Republic. Archived from the original on February 17, 2015 . Retrieved February 17, 2015 .
- Christian Reynoso. "Dolorier and the Retama flower: gunpowder and dynamite of the heart" . Archived from the original on February 17, 2015 . Retrieved February 17, 2015 .