The national flower of Uruguay is the ceibo , a tree whose scientific name is Erythrina crista-galli . This species is also commonly called: seibo , seíbo , gallito or bucaré . It is a tree of the Faboideae subfamily native to central South America , where it is found in central and northern Argentina , central and southern Brazil , Paraguay , eastern Bolivia , and all of Uruguay . It is also the flower national of Argentina by decree of December 23, 1942.
The ceibo in Uruguay
The ceibo is distributed throughout the territory of Uruguay, growing especially in fluvial islands, riverbanks, streams, and lagoons, as well as in wetlands of different conformation. When the specimens of this species dominate the arboreal formation in which they live, this type of forest is called «ceibal».
The ceibo giving name to an educational plan in Uruguay
This species was also related to that country by giving its name to a pioneering educational plan in the world: Plan Ceibal . It is a socio-educational project created by decree in 2007 ... to provide a laptop to each school-age child and to each public school teacher, as well as train teachers in the use of said tool, and promote the development of educational proposals in accordance with them . [ 1 ] The acronym "Ceibal" is a retro acronym that means Basic Computer Science Educational Connectivity for Online Learning , although, according to the president himself, Tabaré Vázquez—Implementor of the plan— in the act of presenting it, it also represents the symbol of the country, its national flower, the ceibo: we had to do, I will confess, juggling to find what we could do so that «Ceibal» would become an acronym, well, and there it is. [ 2 ]
The Uruguayan white ceibo
The white ceibo , also called seibo blanco, is a variety or cultivar originally found growing wild in eastern Uruguay. It stands out for its remarkably white-snowy flowers, which contrast with the traditionally red ones of the genotype of the species, the « common ceibo » or «silver ceibo». The white ceibo was made known in 1961 by the Uruguayan botanist and horticulturist Atilio Lombardo , [ 3 ] who named it: Erythrina crista – galli var. leucochlora . Years later, it was passed into synonymy of Erythrina crista-galli , as it is only a cultivar.
There are characteristics of the white ceibo that make it stand out among the native flora of the country: the white ceibo was only found in the wild in Uruguay; this country does not have abundant endemic flora ; and the flower of the common ceibo is already the Uruguayan national flower.
- List of national flowers
- Erythrina crista-galli
- Erythrina crista-galli var. crista-galli
- Erythrina crista-galli var. leucochlora
- Erythrina crista-galli var. longiflora