The National Flower of Venezuela is the plant that officially represents part of the natural beauty of Venezuela , and that together with the National Tree and the National Bird of Venezuela, the Ornamental Symbols of Venezuela. In Venezuela the National Flower is the Cattleya Mossiae Orchid, which is used to decorate the May Cross during a traditional religious festival that bears the same name. It was named as National Flower on May 23, 1951 by presidential decree of the then president of the Governing Board Germán Suárez Flamerich . [ 1 ]
José Saer D'Eguert, a Larense student and botanist , who was also a founding member of the Venezuelan Society of Natural Sciences , was the first to propose a species as the National Flower, he did so in 1930, proposing the species Rosa de Montaña ( Brownea grandiceps ) claiming its beauty, its ease of planting, its presence in many public parks and places in Venezuela, its great splendor, as well as its medicinal properties and its ease of adapting to light and shade. However, his proposal did not have enough support to be declared a National Flower, but later his idea would be taken into account. [ 2 ]
In 1942 the Venezuelan Society of Natural Sciences , whose president was Willians Phelps, made the proposal to hold a public debate for the election of the National Flower and Tree, with three species being proposed to compete, the Nacre Flower ( Catasetum pileatum ), proposed by Henri Pittier , the Mountain Rose ( Brownea grandiceps ) that had been proposed by Saer D'Eguert and the White Poppy ( Plumería alba ) proposed by Luis Oramas. Once the vote was done, it was decided to choose the Nacre Flower (Catasetum pileatum) as the National FlowerThis is due to its great beauty, its versatility, its great details and its well-defined shape, in addition to its great defense, carried out by the botanist Henri Pittier . The Nacre Flower in Venezuela is not the same one known in the world, because in Venezuela a type of Orchid is called the Flower of Nacre . [ 2 ]
The Flower of May, would be proposed as the National Flower, in May 1949, this through a joint resolution of the Ministry of Agriculture and Breeding and the Ministry of Education, as well as the Military Government Junta dated May 28, 1949 , which was published in Official Gazette No. 22935, of June 3 of that same year. For this reason, a commission made up of Professor Francisco Tamayo Yepes , Willians Phelps and Manuel Núñez, among others, was appointed , and after a deep and intense study and long discussions, it was decided to choose the Orchid or May Flower ( Cattleya mossiae) as the National Flower of Venezuela, this due to its exceptional conditions and its immense and remarkable qualities, such as the diversity of shape, size and color, in addition to its incomparable beauty. On September 19, 1949, an opinion was issued to the Ministries of Education and Agriculture and Breeding, which were discarded by orders of the Executive Power, until May 23, 1951, by presidential decree of the then president Germán Suárez Flamerich it was officially named as the National Flower. [ 2 ] [ 3 ]
On May 23, in Venezuela, the Day of the May Flower is celebrated, and it is typical to see in schools, cultural events related to this day. [ 1 ]
Since it was named as the National Flower, the Flower of May has become a symbol of great importance for Venezuela, being considered by Venezuelans as one of the national symbols. In Venezuela, the orchid is considered a symbol of femininity, this due to its great beauty, in addition to the fact that for the pollination process, it is necessary that the insects be males, which are attracted in a surprising and profound way by their lip . Although the May Flower has different colors, the most representative in Venezuela is purple. [ 4 ] [ 3 ]
- "Venezuela: Declaration of the Orchid as a national flower" . Archived from the original on March 26, 2016 . Retrieved March 19, 2016 .
- «OUR NATIONAL FLOWER. Our Queen of Beauty » . 2012. Archived from the original on March 27, 2016 . Retrieved March 19, 2016 .
- Chalbaud, Daniel (February 1997). Historical Evolution of the National Flag . Independent. p. 58.
- "The Orchid: National Flower of Venezuela" . February 18, 2014. Archived from the original on February 18, 2016 . Retrieved March 19, 2016 .